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Private local guides in Rome Vatican Florence Tuscany Umbria Abruzzo Campania with CAR

Adel Karanov – Contacts
+39 389 5975 184   info@rusrim.com +39 329 448 3644 

All tours will start and finish from
Piazza della Repubblica 20 – Rome 00100
or prefered places your Hotel.
Payment at the end of the tour

Private tours in English, French, Bulgarian, Russian and Italian

Adel Karanov, private art guide with car in Rome, Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo is a famous music composer in the ballet and fashion sector.

Adel Karanov touristic local art guide with car (6 years Tour Guide Experience – Degree in music composition renaissance, baroque, electronic music and classic dance) Guide in Rome, Lazio, Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Campania is a famous music composer in the ballet and fashion sector in Italy, Tunisia and UK. Work in 5 languages English, Fench, Bulgarian, Russian and Italian.

адел каранов гид в рим

adel karanov guide in romeEUK 047

  1. Modern art in Slovak institute in Rome
  2. National Gallery of modern art in Rome – Giuseppe Verdi by Giovanni Boldini

Ambient music by Adel Karanov – Video by Y. Pavlov 2019

Excursions in: Rome, Tivoli, Roman castles, Viterbo, Lakes and castles in central Italy, Florence, Siena and other towns in Tuscany and Umbria

Special entrance in the secret archaeological sites in Rome

I have Italian, bulgarian and eu touristic guide licence. I offer the visit of principal and rare monuments – places with Raffaello Michelangelo and I like to play the piano in the panoramical terace at Albano lake and to meet my guest with important italian people like the princes orner of the italian palazzi galleries and wine and bio food 200y old shops and restaurant around Rome,  Tuscany, Abruzzo, Umbria and Campania.

хотел Ритц в Рим

Private guide with licence in Italy, Rome, the Vatican, Florence – Tuscany, Umbria, Naples and Abruzzo. Guide with car for small groups.

Touristic guide licenses – Rome – Vatican  – Italy – Bulgaria – Europenian Union

The Italian ministery of tourism and culture – Italian guide licence for all Italy

http://www.beniculturali.it/mibac/multimedia/MiBAC/documents/1453464907948_karanov.pdf

Licensed guide Vatican, Rome and all Italy

licensed guide vatican and rome

Ministery of tourism Republic of Bulgaria

https://goo.gl/vQNnhM

Rome private guide

EU touristic guide licence – Union of Bulgarian tourist guides

http://www.bulguide.bg/eng/member.php?id=279

private guide rome

Best individual private tours in central Italy with Adel Karanov guide Departure excursions from Rome

колизей рим екскурзияfirenze s maria del fioresiena duomo foto d arte

Trevivilla-d-este fontanafirma03 365

 

Discovering the secret Italy with Adel Karanov private excursions in Rome, Lazio and Tuscany

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  1. Forte piano 1722 Bartolomeo Cristofori The inventer of the piano. Original in the in the Museo Nazionale degli strumenti musicali in Rome
  2. Galleria Spada 1540 with the perspective gallery by Francesco Borromini

 

palazzo colonna roma venerefirma03 365

Palazzo Colonna Roma individual tour – The private residence of the pope and princess Colonna and Gallery

 

excurions tivoli rusrimrome to tivoli tourVilla D este fontana centrale

Tivoli excursion from Rome:  Villa Adriana, Villa Gregoriana and Villa D’Este

 

Biblioteca Casanatense exclusive tours rusrimкараваджо рус рим тур

  1. The Biblioteca Casanatense library in Rome and the convent of Santa Maria sopra Minerva
  2. Caravaggio – Galleria Borghese individual tour in english

 

Montemartini acea toursFE 264

Centrale Montemartini Roma – The best roman and greek collection in the electrical central Acea – Classic collection in modern ambiance from the Musei Capitolini di Roma

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The Churches, fountains and secret monuments of Rome – individual excursion in english with guide and car

 

Piazza del campo Sienafirenze s maria del fiore20150923_153707

Tuscany individual tour from Rome with guide and car
  1. Siena from Rome excursions in english with private guide
  2. Florence tour from Rome including The Uffizi museum
  3. Capalbio excursion with private guide and car from Rome

 

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  1. Bagnoregio The magic etruscan secret town with 12 abitants in central Italy
  2. Temples and churches around the Bolsena lake. Tours in english with private guide
  3. Bolsena lake The bigest lake in Europe. Tours from Rome in english with private guide
Adel Karanov art guide and music composer

Specialized in baroque  and electronic music has contributed to various artistic projects in Italy, Tunis and Bulgaria. He is live electronic music performer and expert of classic and contemporary arts. Born in 1980 in Bulgaria, the artist moved to Italy at the age of 10. In Rome his talent was fostered by studying in the first place ballet dance in the Academy of Dance in Rome and in the second place composition in the Conservatoir of Rome and Classic School of Arts.

music studio karanovjtc price

  1. Music studio
  2. International festival of Theatre and modern arts JTC (Tunis) and won the first prize in 2007
GUCCI: Viedo with Original soft electronic music by A. Karanov

Gucci MariaPia & Adel Karanov –  The lady ho made the Italian fahion history – Photo Rome 2016
QFR 1000
Gucci MariaPia & Adel Karanov Gucci home Rome 2016QFR 1014

The two styles Karanov employs in composition include a cultured for contemporary dance, art exhibitions, films and festivals and an entertaining (soft, acousmatic, atmospheric, break, minimal house) for fashion shows, radio programmes, sound tracks and club music. By means of personalized sounds and effects like spacilization of sound and involutions of signal controls created with synth and invented by him instruments.

Tour in the MACRO Museum with Adel Karanov

Original music and dance performance by ATON Dino Verga Danza Rome Italy In the photo Luca Russo perform an contemporary dance composition by Dino Verga – Best Cunningham coreographer in Italy Music Adel Karanov

Boccaccino Macro modern art Rome toursdino verga dance tour

  1. Regina Baglioni hotel in Rome – Harp and piano performance
  2. Niki de Saint Phalle gardens museum in Capalbio Tuscany daily excursion
  3. Contemporary arts Sleepin Head by Igor Mitoraj Canary Wharf

Arpa Hotel Baglioni Roma20150923_153748modern art

Currently living in Rome, Adel distributes original electonic music in more than 60 countries in 300 online music stores such as iTunes, ExLibris.ch In 2006 the composer won a tender for music accompaniment of a Gucci fashion advertisiment. In 2007 and 2009 Adel Karanov took part in the international festival of Theatre and modern arts JTC (Tunis) and won the first prize in 2007. In November, 2009, his track LE VENT DE DESERT and biography were included into the Italian edition of the book about the best Italian composers of `XX (Scelsi, Berlinguer, Fabriciani) ENCHANTMENT OF MANY WORLDS accompanied by a CD available on the market in Italy and in the rest of Europe in the near future.

arte classicaadel karanov istituto di cultura slovacco Roma

VIDEO of The TOP CENTRAL ART TOWNS and MONUMENTS in ITALYwith original soft music by A. Karanov: ROME, TIVOLI, ROMAN CASTLES, VITERBO, ORVIETO (Umbria), AREZZO (Umbria), SIENA, FLORENCE, CHIANTI, ARGENTARIO (Tuscany), AMALFI and POMPEII (Campania)

Adel has participated in various artistic projects.

MUSIC GENERES:

  • AVANTGUARDE:
    Different style music for contemporary dance company and video art installation.
  • CLUB MUSIC:
    Breakbeat
    Electro house
    House Minimal Techno
    Trance
    IDM and Soft electronic music
    Soft fashion styles
  • SOUNDTRACKs:
    Tonal classic instrumental and ethnic (arabic and asian music)

Adel Karanov is the author of:

SOUNDTRACKS

2008 – “ROMA” Direction Giorgio DeFinis, Production SD Cinematografica
2007 – “Megacity diaries, Mumbai” Direction Giorgio DeFinis, Production SD Cinematografica
2007 – “GUCCI web spots 2007” Filmaster production www.gucci.com/fr/video/indy-bag/
2005 – “ROMA IN CORTO” Direction Giovanni Caloro
2005 – “LE 3 BANANE” Direction Giovanni Caloro
2005 – “YARRIYA” Direction Giovanni Caloro
2005 – “WHISPERS + VISIONS” Direction Giovanni Caloro

MUSIC FOR CONTEMPORARY DANCE COMPANY

2011 Colorate revolutions by Paolo Santilli – Balletto di Roma

2006 – “CORPO AVI” video Giovanni Caloro, Choreography Luca Russo, videodance Il Coreografo Elettronico Festival
2006 – “DUENDE” Choreography Mauro Astolfi, Spellbound Dance Company
2006 – “THE LAST BEAT” Choreography Vanessa Tamburi, live video Andrea Paciotto (Fucina.off festival Spoleto 2006)
2005 – “SHOWERTIME” Choreography Luca Russo (Aton-Dino Verga Danza)
2005 – “GAP” Choreography Paolo Santilli, video Giovanni Caloro videodance
2004 – “CORPO .jpg” Choreography Luca Russo, video Giovanni Caloro (Aton-Dino Verga Danza) Journes Theatrales de Carthage 2005

LIVE ELECTRONIC MUSIC CONCERTS

2007 – Live electronic music organised by 13me Journées Théâtrales de Carthage et l’Institut Supérieur de Musique de Tunis

2007 – He has performed as live electronic music at the Embassy of the Slovak Republic in Rome
2007 – Eto` club Rome
2006 – Linux club Rome
2006 – Sotto sotto club Rome

HONORS

2007 december, Prize winner at the International Festival of Theatre “13me Journées Théâtrales de Carthage-2007″, held in Tunis and supported by the Tunisian Ministry of Culture.

TV and RADIO

2015 sound design for the Vatican radio programs

2008 – Vatican Radio music section, Musica Acusmatica directed by Adel Karanov

2007 december – Rai Italian National TV Participation
interviews with Adel Karanov, Lidiya Svirska, Luca Vittucci in the innovative and educational Italian RaiTV programme ” Art News” made by Paola Orlandini and Luigi Ceccarelli, about contemporary art, research and tecnology.
(from min.19.30.to min.21.40.)

2007 – Vatican Radio music section DIAPASON directed by Stefano Corato
2006 – Vatican Radio Bulgarian section directed by Dimitar Gancev

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Dance
1992-2000 -National Academy of Dance and Classic Choreutic High school, both in Rome.
Teachers: M. Tuccio Rigano pas de deux et repertoir, M. Gloria Giordano – ancient dances, M. Massimo Coen and M. Mauro Baggella – music theory, Renato Bossa – music history M. Francesca Falcone – dance theory.Dance stage: M. Margherita Traianova. M. Valia Verbeva and M. Vera Kirova.

Music
1998-2002 Conservatory of Rome “S. Cecilia” “Experimental Course in Composition”
M. Roberto Pacella, M. Gabriele Arrigo, M. Anna Maria DeChiara, M. Claudio Dall’albero.

2004 – Conservatory “Ottorino Respighi” of Latina
M. Paolo Rotili, M Alberto Meoli, M. Maurizio Furlani, M. Mariantonietta Caroprese.
Diploma in composition at the Conservatory “Ottorino Respighi” in 2004.

BALLET PERFORMANCES

10/07/2009 ITALY
“THE LAST BEAT”
FLUSSO DANCE PROJECT
Choreography Vanessa Tamburi
Music Adel Karanov
live video Andrea Paciotto
RASSEGNA INVITO ALLA DANZA ROMA
Teatro Villa Pamphilj

07/02/2009 ITALY
“CORPO JPG”
ATON Dino Verga Danza
Choreography Luca Russo
Music Adel Karanov
Insallation video Giovanni Caloro
ROMA – Teatro Quarticciolo

01/08/2008 ITALY
“CORPO JPG”
ATON Dino Verga Danza
Choreography Luca Russo
Music Adel Karanov
Insallation video Giovanni Caloro
Vignale FONDAZIONE TEATRO NUOVO
30° Festival internazionale di Danza e Arti Integrate
www.vignaledanza.com/programma.htm

“DUENDE”
Spellbound Dance Company
Choreography Mauro Astolfi
Music Adel Karanov
23/01/2007 Siena
12/11/2006 Palermo
13/07/2006 Paestum
07/07/2006 Chioggia
28/06/2006 Firenze
28/05/2006 Saronno, Teatro Giuditta Pasta
22/05/2006 Teramo, Teatro Comunale
20/05/2006 Aquila, Teatro San Filippo
17/05/2006 Castiglioncello, Castello Pasquini

11,12,13/05/2005 ITALY
“CORPO AVI”
ATON Dino Verga Danza
Choreography Luca Russo
Music Adel Karanov
Palazzo delle arti Napoli
FESTIVAL INTERNAZIONALE
“Il coreografo elettronico”

30/03/2006 ITALY
“DUENDE”
Spellbound Dance Company
Choreography Mauro Astolfi
Music Adel Karanov
Caserta, Teatro Comunale

23/03/2006 ITALY
“DUENDE”
Spellbound Dance Company
Choreography Mauro Astolfi
Music Adel Karanov
Pisa, Teatro Verdi
www.teatrodipisa.pi.it

25-26/02/2006 ITALY
“THE LAST BEAT”
OFFUCINA ECLECTIC ARTS
Choreography Vanessa Tamburi
Music Adel Karanov
live video Andrea Paciotto
FUCINA.OFF FESTIVAL SPOLETO OPERA
Teatro Caio Melisso
www.offucina.com

29-3/12/2005 TUNIS
“CORPO JPG”
ATON Dino Verga Danza
Choreography Luca Russo
Music Adel Karanov
Insallation video Giovanni Caloro
Journées Théâtrales de Carthage
أيام قرطاج المسرحية

19-21/07/2005 ITALY
“CORPO JPG”
ATON Dino Verga Danza
Choreography Luca Russo
Music Adel Karanov
video insallation Giovanni Caloro
Teatro Furio Camillo Roma

09/06/2005 NEDERLAND
“SHOWERTIME”
ATON Dino Verga Danza
Choreography Luca Russo
Music Adel Karanov
Overtoom 301
Amsterdam Sub Culture
squat.net/overtoom/

07/04/2005 Eλλάδα GREECE
“CORPO JPG”
ATON Dino Verga Danza
Choreography Luca Russo
Music Adel Karanov
Municipal Theatre of Volos
Δημοτικό Θέατρο Βόλου

16/12/2004 ITALY
“CORPO JPG”
ATON Dino Verga Danza
Choreography Luca Russo
Music Adel Karanov
Napoli, Teatro Nuovo

ROMA

ROMA Private car tours
ROME PRIVATE TOURS

AROUND ROME PRIVATE GUIDES

VATICAN PRIVATE TOUR – VIDEO with Original music by Adel Karanov guide in The Vatican City

TUSCANY PRIVATE GUIDES

Tuscany private car tour - Chianti Toscana Italia
Tuscany private tour
Art tours in Rome with local guide and car

touristic guide florence tuscany

Individual excursions with english guide in Rome, Vatican, Modern art museum, Tivoli, Tarquinia, Florence, Siena and other central Italy towns

Car excursions with private guide in Rome and Tuscany
Reservation contacts, excursion in Rome –  Lazio, Tuscany and Umbria
+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

Rome by night car excursion

+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

Rome by night car excursion

Individual and private car excursion of Rome, with english private guide Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax

Fontana di treviCastel S AngeloFontana delle tartarughe Roma

Our private guides in Rome are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy.

Night Rome fountains soft electronic music by Adel Karanov 
Original Video music made with real water sounds

Tours of main squares, fountains, churches and museums of Rome selected for you. The tour includes short walks on foot for visits of monuments and stops for taking pictures and a lunch or a coffee break.The sequence of monuments and their choice will display a historical and artistic evolution of the Eternal City. As well as a perfect overview of ​​the different types of styles in the arts of architecture and sculpture and painting. Many monuments, private art collections, entrances to palaces are offered exclusively by RUSRIM. tour guides.

Rome monuments – evening and night excursion with private guide in Rome

Piazza Barberini, Palazzo del Quirinale, Fontana di Trevi, Colosseo, Piazza Esedra, Fontana delle Naiadi, Basilica Santa Maria degli angeli, Circus maximus, Avenitino hill, Basilica di Santa Sabina, The orange garden, Rome rose garden, Order of Malta, Pyramid of Cestius,Piazza Venezia, Campidoglio hill, Bocca della Verità, Temple of Portunus, Tempio di Ercole Vincitore, Janiculum Hill, Tempietto del Bramante, San Peter square and basilica San Pietro – MIN 3h

During the guided tour you can have a break for tasting of local food preferred by Roman elite. In summer the most popular organic ice cream shop in Rome is a place to drop in.

Rome and Vatican by night

San pietro fontana nottePiazza republica romasan pietro panoramic

Roman Elegies II (First Version)

Ask now, whoever you wish, you can’t reach me,

Lovely Ladies, and you, fine Men of the World!

Did Werther really live? Was it really like that?

Which town can truly claim Lotte as resident?

Ah, how often I’ve cursed those foolish pages,

That showed my youthful sufferings to everyone!

If Werther had been my brother, and I’d killed him,

His sad ghost could hardly have persecuted me more.

So Malbrouk persecuted the British traveller

From Paris to Leghorn, then from Leghorn to Rome,

Then down to Naples, and if he’d sailed to Madras

There too the harbour would have been filled with the song.

Luckily I’ve escaped! She’s barely heard of Lotte

Or Werther, or knows the name of this man of hers.

She sees in him a free, and vigorous stranger,

Who lives among mountains and snow, in a wooden house.

— — — — —

ROMA

ROMA Private car tours
ROME PRIVATE TOURS

ROME PRIVATE TOURS

Art tours in Rome with local guide and car

Individual excursions with english guide in Rome, Vatican, Modern art museum, Tivoli, Tarquinia, Florence, Siena and other central Italy towns

Car excursions with private guide in Rome and Tuscany
Reservation contacts, excursion in Rome –  Lazio, Tuscany and Umbria
+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

 

Sightseeing car excursion of Rome and Vatican

+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

Individual and private sightseeing excursion in Rome and Vatican – private guide with car

A one-day guided excursion experience in Rome lasting minimum 3 hours or more BY CAR for individuals and groups of up to 5 people.

English private guide and car in Rome – Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax

Our guides are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy.

 Aria Italiana by Adel Karanov – Soprano Mila Pavlova
ROME ITALIY Original music and video Rusrim.com

музей спада рим екскурзияroman walls toursMercati traiani Romaватикана екскурзия рус рим

Rome and Vatican 3/h or Daily excursions with private guide
Excursion of main squares, fountains, churches and museums of Rome and others, selected for you. The tour includes short walks on foot for visits of monuments and stops for taking pictures and a lunch or a coffee break. The sequence of monuments and their choice will display a historical and artistic evolution of the Eternal City. As well as a perfect overview of ​​the different types of styles in the arts of architecture and sculpture and painting. Many monuments, private art collections, entrances to palaces are offered exclusively by RUSRIM. tour guides.

c1galleria spada rome exculive tourstrevitempietto del bramante

Rome and Vatican monuments in this car tours with guide min 3/h or Rome Daily excursion 5-6/h

Individual Rome and Vatican tour: Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax + Guide with car

Piazza di Spagna – Spanish square, Pantheon, Piazza Navona square, Piazza Barberini square, Fontana del Tritone,  Palazzo Barberini, Palazzo del Quirinale, Piazza della Repubblica,Piazza Esedra, Fontana delle Naiadi, Republic square in Rome, Basilica Santa Maria degli angeli e dei Martiri, Basilica di San Giovanni Laterano, Colosseo – Anfiteatro Flavio, Arco di Costantino – Arch of Costantine, San Clemente and Catacombs In the basilica,  The Palatine Hill, Circus maximus, Museo delle mura Aureliane, Avenitino hill, Basilica di Santa Sabina and Porta lignea di Santa Sabina, The orange garden, Pyramid of Cestius, Centrale Montemartini, Best Roman ice cream shop, Piazza Venezia Venezia square, Fontana delle Tartarughe, Mercati Traiani – Trajan’s Market, Campidoglio hill – Piazza del Campidoglio,Foro Romano – Roman forum panoramic view,Piazza della Bocca della Verità, Tempio di Portuno,Fontana dei Tritoni,Basilica di Santa Cecilia in Tras Tevere, Janiculum Hill, Tempietto del Bramante,Fontana Paolina o Fontana dell’Acqua Paola

Video Private tour of Rome – Original electronic music by Adel Karanov Rome private guide Rusrim.com

Excursion Rome and Vatican – List of monuments

Rome and Vatican excursion with private guide and car in english, french, bulgarian, russian, and ukrainian
  • Piazza Barberini square – Fontana del Tritone or Triton Fountain (1642–3) sculpted by Bernini – Baroque Rome – and Hotel Bernini

 piazza barberini - bernini fontana - Roma PALAZZO BARBERINI The rise of the Barberini, one of the most powerful of the Roman papal families, is closely connected to the ecclesiastical career of Cardinal Maffeo Barberini, the fiarure Pope, who was elected with the name Urban VIII in 1623. The family’s prestige in the papal city was from that moment secured and culminated in the construcrion in the grand style of the palazzo, which was to become one of the most admired in Rome at the time. Some of the main artists of the age were involved in the building and decoration of the prestigious residence: Carlo Maderno, Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Francesco Borromini sought to outdo each other in a contest of elegance. as did Pietro da Cortona and Andrea Sacchi in their paintings for the palazzo. Everything, from the architecture to the magnificence of the frescoes and interior Furnishings had to reflect the authority and affluence of the line which had chosen this way of leaving an indelible mark on the heart of the city. In 1629, the year in which Maderno died, the palazzo had however only just been begun, so the building was then entrusted to Gian Lorenzo Bernini. the ofi‘icial artiSI par excellence of the Barberinian court. He saw the construction through, collaborating at first with Francesco Borromini, in whose hands, according to Baldinucci, Maderno had left «the entire care of the palazzo» and who, Still in the words of the biographer did «all the designs for the said building». One of the most elaborate residences of Baroque Rome, and a refined theatre for the sumptuous feaSts organised by the family, grew from the meeting ofthese three masters. For inStance, on the evening of the 28 February 1656, the Cavallerizza courtyard, on the North side of the building and now part of Via Barberini, was host to a marvellous entertainment given in honour of Cristina of Sweden: a colourful merry-go—round with an elegant parade of carriages and ephemeral displays devised by Giovan Francesco Grimaldi, the family scenographer, and a Fesrive throng.

 

piazza navona roma Thanks to its original elongated form. Piazza Navona deserves a foremost place among Rome’s numerous hiStorical piazzas. Built on the site of the former Domitian Stadium, it traditionally accommodated the market and popular shows. During the 17th century it became the city’s salon, partly because of the presence of Palazzo Pamphilj, and it was embellished with further monuments and buildings. These enhance the spatial homogeneity which is owed to the regularity of the architecrural features packed into the unbroken ranks of walls and facades, and to the chromatic unity. A result of the urban plans For the piazza under the patronage of Innocent X Pamphilj, who was responsible For the complete reorganisation ofthc area and the demolition of some blocks, was the concave facade of Sant’Agnese. The work of Borromini, it merges with the walls surrounding the piazza, copying the essential arehitecrural morifs and presenting an emblematic example of dynamic integration between the building and the space in front of it, which acts as an cxrension to the church and seems to disappear into it. In the l yout of the piazza, a role of no lesser importance is played by the three fountains which serve to break up the huge horizontal space into four distinct areas. The focus is the symbolic and actual centre of the Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi (Fountain of the Four Rivers), the work of Gian Lorenw Bernini. It is a spectacular allegory of the worldly presrige of the Pamphilj: an aerial «natural grotto». The four springs of faraway rivers spout from it and it is studded with exoric plants and animals. It acts as a base for the Egyptian obelisk crowned with a clove. the symbol of the Pamphin and the Holy Spirit.


  • Visit of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome

     – churches and catacombs – Christians Rome excursion

 

snta maria maggiore Roma - Guide in Rome

Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore

santa maria maggiore basilica - Rome tours

Interior – Basilica di Santa aria Maggiore

 

  • Fontana di Trevi – The Trevi fountain 1629 designed by Italian architect Nicola The aqueduct served the hot Baths of Agrippa, and Rome, for over four hundred years. Salvi and completed by Pietro Bracci

     TreviThe Fontana di Trevi, a happy and successful marriage of classicism and baroque, was planned as an exhibition of the Acqua Vergine by Nicola Salvi under the patronage of Clement XII. Pope Urban VIII Barberini had already instructed Gian Lorenzo Bernini to «transform» the piazza and the fountain. but the project was never carried out. Set along one side of Palazzo Poli, the Fountain, which was made by Nicola Salvi between 1732 and 1763, represents an original and imaginative fusion, in the Berninian Style, of architecture, sculpture and the natural elements which contribute to the Fountain’s unique character. The theme of the sculpture is the sea. The design is dominated by a charior in the form of a shell in which the great statue of Neptune by Pietro Bracci stands, flanked in the side niches by Health and Plenty, the works of Filippo Della Valle. The charior is pulled by marine horses. who are in turn preceded by tritons. The marine divinities are placed on rocks of irregular blocks of travertine. The fountain sprawls below the facade of the palazzo behind it, which is in rigidly classicising Style, based on the triumphal arch model, with further sculptures in niches as well as in the attic storey and an elegant balustrade. The surrounding houses crowd round the splendid monument, giving the impression of an amphitheatre, while the noise of the fountain’s water can be heard From the maze of surrounding streets up to the moment when the snow-white scene appears miraculously before the astonished eyes of the visitor.

  • Piazza della Repubblica  – Piazza Esedra
    – Fontana delle Naiadi

 Piazza republica roma

– Basilica Santa Maria degli angeli e dei Martiri (part of the Terme di Diocleziano emperor) by Michelangelo Buonarroti

Basilica – Santa Maria degli angeli e dei Martiri

С Мария на ангелите

Astronomy in the Church The Clementine in Santa Maria degli Angeli, Rome 

The Bianchini merian line – Astronomy in Rome

Рим С Мария на Ангелите


С Мария на Ангелите Рим Еседра

Interior Santa Maria degli angeli Rome


  • Colosseo – Anfiteatro Flavio – Amphitheatrum Flavium

 колизей рим екскурзияThe inhabitants of Rome must have appreciated the building of the big amphitheatre in the centre of the valley, which had previously been the site of the artificial lake made for Nero. The Judaic war, which had ended in 70 AD with the destruction of the temple of Jerusalem, provided the boory and the manpower needed for the consrruction of the building. It was Vespasian’s son, Titus, who inaugurated the amphitheatre in 80 AD, with a memorable gala and games lasring 100 days. The Flavian Amphitheatre was superior in dimensions and monumentaliry to all those previously built. It was 52 m high, like the northern side near the Via dei Fori lmperiali, which is still intaCt. The whole of the external wall was faced with marble slabs and decorated with statues in the arcades, and bronze shields hung From the attic storey windows. The organisation of the internal seating was Strictly governed by the laws eStablished by Augustus, through which spectators were seated according to their social class. The Colosseum was furnished with a sophisricated system of drains which fed the baths and numerous fountains required to keep the vast audience cool. In the amphitheatre there were various kinds of entertainment: fights between pairs of gladiators, hunts involving wild and exotic animals, naval battles and capital punishment executions by exposure to wild beasts, which were also suffered by Christians during periods of persecution.

  • Circus maximus – Circo Massimo – it was the first and largest stadium in ancient Rome and its later Empire

    Circus Maximus Rome tours

  • PANTHEON PantheonThe Pantheon is stituated in the Roman Regio (quarter) 1X, corresponding to Campus Martins. According to legend, Campus Martins used to belong to the Tarquins and was a marshy area. When the last Etruscan king was expelled from Rome in 509 BC, the year the Republic was founded, the area became public. Augustus began filling the central area of Campus Martins with monuments and rebuilding the buildings in the Circus Flaminius area. The temple — dedicated to all the gods — was intended to be a symbol of the Emperor Augustus and therefore of his family, the gens Iulia. The Pantheon is stituated in the Roman Regio (quarter) 1X, corresponding to Campus Martins. According to legend, Campus Martins used to belong to the Tarquins and was a marshy area. When the last Etruscan king was expelled from Rome in 509 BC, the year the Republic was founded, the area became public. Augustus began filling the central area of Campus Martins with monuments and rebuilding the buildings in the Circus Flaminius area. The temple — dedicated to all the gods — was intended to be a symbol of the Emperor Augustus and therefore of his family, the gens Iulia. The Pantheon owes its current appearance to the restrueturing conducted by Hadrian between 118 and 125 AD. This maintained the blueprint of the previous construCtion. except where the level of the base was raised and the width of the pronaos reduced to eight columns. The inscription on the architrave referring to the building of the temple by Agrippa was retained by Hadrian, who never had his name inscribed on any of the monuments he built, with the exception of Traian’s temple. A second inscription in smaller letters records the restoration by Septimius Severus and Caracalla in 202 AD. In 609 AD the Byzantine Emperor Foca gave the Pantheon to Pope Boniface 1V, and the temple was changed into the Chiesa di Santa Maria ad Martyres. A flight of steps led up to a large portico with eight monolithic granite columns with white marble capitals and bases. Two more rows of four columns formed the three aisles. The monumental bronze door is probably original. although it has been restored many times. The dome is the largeSt one built prior to the 20th century; it measures 43.30 metres in diameter and was built using a huge wooden framework. The use of layers of concrete alternated with tufa and pumice served to lessen the weight ofthe huge structure. The height of the temple from the floor to the top of the dome is equal to the diameter of the latter, meaning that a sphere could fit into the interior, so that there is a perfect balance in the building’s proportions. On the inside the dome is adorned with five rows of cofl‘ering which were probably originally decorated with gilded bronze elements.

 

  • Avenitino hill – Colle Aventino

    Aventino fountain - Rome tours

    – Basilica di Santa Sabina and Porta lignea di Santa Sabina

    Basilica Santa Sabina Rome car excursion The Roman aristocratic families had built their sumptuous dwellings here, near the two thermal centres. The crypt of Santa Sabina bears the traces of  their hermitages or little fraternal  community, which was given hospitality in the house of a Roman matron, Sabina, who had been converted to Christianity by her slave Serafia and who was subsequently decapitated during the Empire ofVespasiano. Later, in the Early Middle Ages, the Aventine was selecred by monks and the religious as the seat of their hermitages or little Fraternal communities. In this context, from the fifth century onwards, one of the most imposing Palm-Christian basilicas of the city sprang up. The fourth century floor of the Former domus is all that remains ofit, and it can be viewed through a grating near the entrance to the basilica, but many pieces ofwalling lie beneath the right aisle. The basilica was built in the fifth century and dedicated to San Domenico in 1222. Some restoration work was carried out in the 15th century, but it was the alterations by Domenico Fontana in 1587, at the time of Sixtus V, and Francesco Borromini in 1643, which would change the interior of the basilical complex fundamentally. Domenico Fontana demolished the trim/a cantorum, the conostrm’: and the riborium, introducing the main altar and large baldacchino.

    – The orange garden – Parco degli aranci and the romantic view of Rome in Vatican direction

    Orange garden - Rome excursions

    – Rome rose garden – Giardino delle rose – Over 1100 varieties of roses are grown there, many of them gifts from countries around the world.
    Giardino delle Rose ROMA Guide

  • Sovereign Military Order of Malta – SMOM – Sovrano militare ordine di Malta

Papa Francesco Order of Malta square – Sovrano militare ordine di Malta Roma – Piazza Cavalieri di Malta – Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) or Order of Malta is the modern Rome-based continuation of the medieval Knights Hospitaller.   The entity retains sovereignty under international law, including permanent observer status at the United Nations,  issuing its own passports, currency and postal stamps with the Maltese cross insignia. In February 2013, the order celebrated its 900th anniversary as a sovereignty entity by recognition on 15 February 1113 of the Papal bull Pie Postulatio Voluntatis, issued by Pope Paschal II. The celebration included a general audience given by Pope Benedict XVI and a Holy Mass celebrated by Vatican Secretary of State Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone at Saint Peter’s Basilica.

Papa Francesco and Knights of Malta

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 Rare event …. The SMOM embassy with open doors

Ordine di Malta - Rome guide

Order of Malta – ACISMOM – Rome

Ordine di Malta celebrazioni a Roma

Order of Malta celebration – Vatican City

Order of Malta - Rome private tour

Order of Malta – Rome

Pyramid of Cestius – Piramide di Caio Cestio – and Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome
piramide cestia Ancient pyramid in Rome built about 18 BC–12 BC as a tomb for Gaius Cestius, a magistrate and member of one of the four great religious corporations in Rome, the Septemviri Epulonum. Rome’s Non-Catholic Cemetery contains possibly the highest density of famous and important graves anywhere in the world. It is the final resting-place of the poets Shelley and Keats, of many painters, sculptors and authors, a number of scholars, several diplomats, Goethe’s only son, and Antonio Gramsci, a founding father of European Communism, to name only a few

  • Old italian pasticceria, ice cream shop and bar

    Pasticceria italiana - Rome private tours

    Gelateria Rome private tour

  • Piazza Venezia – Venezia square in ROME

    Piazza Venezia - Rome car excursionIt takes its name from the Palazzo Venezia, built by the Venetian Cardinal, Pietro Barbo – later Pope Paul II , alongside the church of Saint Mark, the patron saint of Venice. The Palazzo Venezia served as the embassy of the Republic of Venice in Rome.


  • Colonna Traiana – Trajan’s Column – Roman triumphal column that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan’s victory in the Dacian Wars. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate.
    Colonna Traiana - Rome individual exursions Colonna Traiana - Rome guide excursionThe column decorated with historical scenes is a form of monument particular to Rome, and was introduced for the first rime in Trajan’s forum by the architect Apollodorus of Damascus. who was in charge of the whole pro jcct. The reliefs carved on the column arc presented in sequence, winding round the shaft up to the top, as a narrative tale, in celebration of the feats and triumphs of the Emperor. The column was dedicated to Trajan in 113 AD by the Senate and the people of Rome, in the forum bearing the same name. The height of the monument (about 40 m) matches the one on the hill. which was dismantled when the complex of the Markets and the Forum was built, as the inscription on the base of the column states. The top of the monument was crowned with a bronze statue of Trajan which has not survived; it was replaced by one of Saint Peter in 1588. The base is in the form  of an altar similar to the funerarv altars of the Republican Age, and it served as a tomb for the Emperor; Trajan’s ashes were kept in a gold urn placed in the burial chamber inside the base of the column. Here there is a hail leading to a spiral staircase made of marble, with 1 85 steps leading from the base to the top of the monument. Termed a cochlite column, like that of Marcus Aurelius, due to the presence of a spiral within the shaft, it was conceived by Trajan’s architect. Apollodorus of Damascus. On the outside, the long spiral frieze recounts the two Dacian campaigns with a figure of Victory writing on a shield separating them, but no attempt to create a link between them. The crossing of the Danube by the Roman army on a bridge of boats marks the beginning of the wars, and there follow battles, sieges, the setting up of encampments, the placing of troops and the submission of the indigenous chiefs to the Emperor.

  • Mercati di Traiano – Mercatus Traiani – Trajan’s Market was probably built in 100-110 AD by Apollodorus of Damascus.

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    The huge architecrural complex of the forum and Trajan’s Markets was until late antiquity considered the most famous of Rome’s wonders. The impressive projecr was attributed to Apollodorus of Damascus, a Syrian architecr. who worked mainly under the Emperor Trajan, in the F: rst half of the second century AD. This architect, one of the few artisrs of whom records survive, Fused and reworked the Fundamental principles of Hellenistic and Roman architecture. The Markets, which were designed at the same time as Trajan’s forum, are set on the slopes of the Quirinale. with a series of superimposed terraces. The removal of part of the hill, to a height equivalent to that of Trajan’s column, had made space for the creation of a piazza (square) in the grand style. The complex, which was designed for commercial and storage use, is articulated on dilTerent levels, and its facade consisrs of a large exea’ra (curving wall), which includes the Forum’s eastern side, with eleven tabernae (booths) facing it.

 

  • Campidoglio hill – Piazza del Campidoglio and Michelangelo square- It was the citadel (equivalent of the ancient Greek acropolis) of the earliest Romans.
    campidoglio rome private tours
    The Piazza del Campidoglio, with the long flight of steps leading up to it, is both the political and physical heart of the city. Is was designed in its monumental setting by Michelangelo in 1536, under the patronage of Paul III Farnese. It arguably represents the most perfect translation of the concept of the piazza as an autonomous urban space in 16th century culture. Ina masterly reinterpretation of the classic concept of the piazza, Michelangelo reversed the outlook, which had until then been oriented towards the Roman Forum, placing the statue of Marcus Aurelius in the middle to face Saint Peter’s Basilica. As background, he devised the complete rebuilding of the medieval Palazzo Senatorio, which rose above the ruins of the former Tabularium, and the side wings, made up of the Palazzo dei Conservatori and the Palazzo Nuovo. The latter were completed according to she artist’s plans respectively in 1568 and 1655. Uprooted and set obliquely, they endue,/ the piazza with a greater sense of space, and enhance the per4pective and theatricality. The geometric star design oldie paving, which was implemented in 1940 by Antonio Munoz based on the plans left by Buonarroti, also emphasises the centrifugal, dynamic dimension of the whole. The robust and imposing plasticity of the architecture adds to the sober stateliness of this area. The façade of Palazzo Senatorio eras adapted from the Michelangelesque plan by Giacomo Della Porta and Girolamo Rainaldi, with its entrance facing the piazza, characteristic double flights of steps, stucco facing and row of gigantic Corinthian pilaster strips. The balustrade looking out over the city, with its monumental Dioscuri, was also conceived to complement the piazza, and was modified by Della Porta in 1585.

 

  • Foro Romano – Roman forum panoramic view

 

  • Theatre of Marcellus – Teatro marcello – Theatrum Marcelli – The theatre was 111 m in diameter and was the largest and most important theatre in Ancient Rome; it could originally hold between 11,000 and 20,000 spectators.Teatro Marccello
    Teatro Marccello - old roman architecture excursion
    Teatro Marcello - Rome private guides


  • Piazza della Bocca della Verità – The square lies in the ancient area of the Forum Boarium, just in front of the Tiber Island; it takes its name from the Bocca della Verità. The fountain in front of the two temples, called Fountain of the Tritons, released by Carlo Bizzaccheri. Besides the church, dating back to the late Middle Ages, the square houses the Arcus Argentariorum, the Arch of Janus, the Temple of Hercules Victor and the Temple of Portunus, a deity related to the ancient river harbour.

  • Temple of Portunus – Tempio di Portuno
    tempio di portuno Rome car excursion

Its Ionic order has been much admired, drawn and engraved and copied since the 16th century (see illustration, right).  The temple owes its state of preservation from its being converted to use as a church in 872 and rededicated to Santa Maria Egyziaca (Saint Mary of Egypt).

  •  Tempio di Ercole Vincitore – The Temple of Hercules Victor – Hercules the Winner or Hercules Olivariustempio di Ercole Vincitore Rome car excursions

Dating from the later 2nd century BC By 1132 the temple had been converted to a church, known as Santo Stefano alle Carozze (St. Stephen ‘of the carriages).

   

  •  Fontana dei Tritoni
    Rome fountain car excursions
    This fountain should be distinguished from the similarly named nearby Triton Fountain (Fontana del Tritone) by Bernini. The fountain was completed in 1715 by architect Carlo Francesco Bizzaccheri, during the works for the accommodation of the square in front of the basilica.

 

  • Rome panoramic view – Janiculum Hill – Colle del Gianicolo

    Piazza Garibaldi Gianicolo - Rome tour
    Piazza Garibaldi – Roma


    Faro Gianicolo Rome car excursion
    Il Faro – Giannicolo hill – Rome


 

  • Tempietto del Bramante – Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio
    Tempietto del Bramante - Rome tours and guide Tempietto del Bramante Roma - Car tours in romeBuilt on the top of the Gianicolo, the tempietto (little temple) was commissioned by the King of Spain to consecrate the place in which, according to medieval tradition, Saint Peter, the martyr, founder of the Christian Church and flat pope, had been crucified. The young architeCt Bramante conceived it as a genuine martyrium in antique style. with a central plan and a circle of perimeter columns. The building must have been placed in a large square, which, however. was never built. In spite of the reduced size, the space has been planned in grandiose, monumental Style. It is evidently based on the study of the rules of harmony of the Roman Vitruvius, who advised the use of the Doric order of columns for buildings dedicated to masculine divinitics or mythological figures famous for their sum and courage. The architeCt Bramante did in Fact use the Doric order for the tempietto. giving it an air of rigour and economy, which is also due to limited use of excessive decoration and the sober harmony of the volumes.

     


  • Fontana Paolina o Fontana dell’Acqua Paola – Il fontanone The big fountain
    fontana paola roma - rome individual tour
    It was built in 1612 to mark the end of the Acqua Paola aqueduct, restored by Pope Paul V, and took its name from him. It was the first major fountain on the left bank of the River Tiber.

 

  • Vaticano – The Vatican
    – San Peter square and basilica San Pietro The open space which lies before the basilica was redesigned by Gian Lorenzo Bernini from 1656 to 1667, under the direction of Pope Alexander VII.

San Pietro VaticanoThe colossal Tuscan colonnades, four columns deep, frame the trapezoidal entrance to the basilica and the massive elliptical area which precedes it.

At the center of the ovato tondo stands an Egyptian obelisk of red granite, 25.5 metres tall, supported on bronze lions and surmounted by the Chigi arms in bronze, in all 41 metres to the cross on its top. The obelisk was originally erected at Heliopolis, Egypt, by an unknown pharaoh. During the Middle Ages, the gilt ball on top of the obelisk was believed to contain the ashes of Julius Caesar.

Vatican tour – Original video music

Electronic music by Adel Karanov – Vaticano

Within Vatican City are religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world’s most famous paintings and sculptures. The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and the sale of publications.

  • Pieta – Michelangelo – Vaticano – San Pietro
Pieta - Michelangelo - Vatican tour
Pieta – Michelangelo – Vatican tour

In 1498 Cardinal Bilhe’res de Lagraulas. Abbot of San Dionigi and Ambassador of Charles VIII. gave Buonarroti the commission for the very famous sculptural group, which was to be placed in the chapel of Santa Petronilla in the ancient Basilica of Saint Peter. The same patron asked the artiSt to follow a northern iconographic model of the Virgin holding the body of her son in her arms after the deposition from the cross. As opposed to the composition of the German original, frozen in an unnatural scheme. Michelangelo. however, preferred to create an image of extreme naturalness, with soft, fluid lines. It is the only work signed by him, on the sash which crosses the Virgin’s breasr. The signature, according to Vasari, indicated the pride of the artist in his achievement. The lyrical intensity of the work. the refined smoothness of the marble and the plasticity of the forms all contribute to make it a work of perfect equilibrium. The absorbed expression on the face of Mary reveals her withheld grief; the body of Jesus. surrendered in exhaustion to the immense pain it has borne, brings the holy scene into the dimension of humanity; the fineness of the garments, the monumental composition and the perfecrion of the Features and anatomy endow the scene with a divine aura and timelessness. Perhaps it was this «absolute» beauty which led to the famous episode so frequently mentioned since, when, on Whit Sunday, May 21 1972. a madman attacked the group with a hammer, entailing a lengthy period of restoration to repair the damage and fill the holes.

Palazzo Colonna and gardens – Rome

Exclusive visit – saturday morning

Palazzo Colonna RomaPalazzo Colonna is one of the oldest and largest private palaces of Rome. Its construction began in the fourteenth century by the Colonna family, who still resides there since eight centuries. The Colonna family dates back to the twelfth century and comes from the town of Colonna, near Rome, from which it takes its name. The construction of the various wings of Palazzo Colonna lasted for five centuries. This has led to the overlapping of different architectural styles, interiors and exteriors, which characterize and reflect the different periods. From 1300 to 1500 it acted as a family fortress. Oddone Colonna, elected Pope on November 11, 1417 under the name of Martin V, appointed the Palace as the Pontifical Seat and lived there from 1420 to 1431, the year of his death. In those ten years, within the austere rooms of Palazzo Colonna, Pope Martin V designed and implemented a great plan for a cultural, urban and administrative rebirth of the city of Rome, which lay in devastating conditions after the period of papal exile to Avignon and the Western Schism. In 1527, during the sack of Rome by the troops of Emperor Charles V, Palazzo Colonna was one of the few buildings that was not destroyed due to the good relationship of the family with the Empire. Instead, it offered a safe haven for more than three thousand Roman citizens. Throughout the 1600s, the Palace took the form of a large Baroque palace at the will of three generations; the leading family members being Philip I, Cardinal Girolamo I and Lorenzo Onofrio, who relied on architects and artists of great skill and reputation. In fact, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Antonio del Grande, Carlo Fontana, Paolo Schor, and many others, all lent their expertise. Also during this time was the construction of the beautiful and majestic Galleria Colonna, which has 76 meters of length facing onto via IV Novembre. This authentic jewel of the Roman Baroque is now open to the public, with apartments of major artistic value that are most representative of the Palace.  Atruejewel of Roman the Baroque, the Galleria Colonna was commissioned in the mid 1600s by Cardinal Girolamo I Colonna and his nephew Lorenzo Onofrio Colonna. It was inaugurated by Lorenzo Onofrio’s son, Philip II, in 1700. The original project is by the architect Antonio del Grande; it was then integrated by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Paolo Schor and Carlo Fontana in the last decade of the 1600s. From the very beginning, the Gallery was conceived as a large boardroom, which was to celebrate the victory of the Christian fleet over the Turks at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571. The commander of the Papal fleet, Marcantonio II Colonna, is depicted numerous times throughout the vault of the Great Hall of the Gallery and in the Room of the Battle Column. The fresco on the vault above the Room of the Battle Column is by Giuseppe Chiari and depicts the presentatiou of Marcantonio to the Virgin Mary in heaven. The room takes its name from the column of red marble on a pedestal in the center of the room, which recalls the family coat of arms. Its inlays have reminiscent scenes of ancient Roman life.

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Villa and gallery Borghese private tour

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 Borghese Gallery private tour

3h tour with private guide from 1 to 5 pax Eur 50/h

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Gallery Borghese tour

Tour with private guide  Gallery Borghese – Rome

рим-барокко-турAmong the various museums located in the Villa Borghese complex, the most important is undoubtedly Galleria Borghese, situated in the Casino nobile (lodge) of the 17th century villa built for cardinal Scipione, where the important collection of painting and sculpture gathered during the 17th century, later integrated by acquisitions of the 18th and 19th centuries, is exhibited. Today the itinerary through the gallery includes eight rooms on the ground floor as well as the great entrance hall and the chapel, with statues in the center of the rooms, surrounded by the paintings on the walls and the decorations of the ceilings, which conStituted the thematic thread of the 18th century layout as well. In the entrance hall late Roman Statues line the walls, while the Roman statue of Marco Curzio, restored by Pietro Bernini, occupies the back wall. Canova’s Pauline Bonaparte as Venus Vic’trix may be admired in the hall known as del Vaso (of the vase).

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Villa Borghese lake – Private tour in Rome

The room of the Sun (dd Sole) houses painting and sculpture such as Bernini’s David, a painting by BattiStello, and two controversial Still-lifes, attributed to Caravaggio by Zeri. Six of the twelve paintings by Caravaggio owned  by Scipione hand in the room of Silenus (del Silena). The upper storey of the gallery, with thirteen additional rooms, focuses principally on paintings, exhibited in chronological order and by schools. Thus it is possible to retrace the principal phases of Italian and Flemish painting between the fifteenth and 18th centuries, including many absolute masterpieces (Antonello da Messina, Raphael, Titian, Correggio, Guido Reni, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Rubens, Pietro da Cortona). In addition to Galleria Borghese, the villa also houses the refined Cam Museo (home museum) of the sculptor Pietro Canonica, in the 17th century construction by Gallinaro, known as the Fortezzuola (little fort) after it was transformed to a medieval style by the Asprucci’s in 1793. The Museo Carlo Bi/otti, opened q ite recently. is housed in the ex-Orangerie of the villa. known as Casino dei Giocbi d’Acqua (Fountains) during the 18th century. These rooms house the collection donated by the museums namesake, an halo-American entrepreneur and internationally known collector, including at numerous nucleus of paintings and sculptures by Giorgio de Chirico, Andy Warhol, Gino Severini and Giacomo Manzu.

TITIAN, SACRED AND PROFANE LOVE

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Amore Sacro e Amore Profano - TIZIANO
SACRED AND PROFANE LOVE – TITIAN – Rome Gallery Borghese indiviual tour

The work was painted by Titian in 1514, when he was 25 years old, for the wedding between Nicolo Aurelio, the Venetian Secretary of the Council of Ten, whose coat of arms is represented on the sarcophagus and Laura Bagamtto. daughter of the judge, from Padova. A fountain decorated with has relief like an antique sarcophagus fills the long side of the canvas, dividing the painting into two parts. Another caesura is caused by the branches behind the cherub who is Stirring the water with his arm. T he background is also unusual: on one side there is a church and a flock of sheep, and on the other a fortified city and two rabbits, symbols of love and fertility. Critics have long discussed the marked contrasr between the two female figures seated on the edge of the fountain, a contrast which had an illustrious precedent. In Fact Pliny recounts that the Greek sculptor Praxiteles had made two sublime Statues of Venus, one clothed and one without clothes. The two equally perfect women symbolise on the one hand «brief earthly happiness», with the attribute of the pct of jewels, and the other «eternal heavenly happiness», holding the burning flame of God’s love in her hand. The dressed Venus should therefore probably be interpreted as the pure bride who, close to Love, is assisted by the goddess Aphrodite in person. The gesture of the cherub stirring the water, source of life, in a sarcophagus. therefore probably represents love as intermediary between heaven and earth. The title is the result of a late 18th century interpretation based on a moralistic reading of the clothed figure. The universal fame of Titian’s work was confirmed in 1899, when Rothschilds the bankers offered a greater price For this painting than the estimated worth of the whole ofVilla Borghese including the works of art.

 

Villa and Galleria Borghese tour

 

 

CARAVAGGIO, DAVID WITH THE HEAD OF GOLIATH

GALLERIA BORGHESE INDIVIDUAL TOUR

A three-quarters view of David is presented, emerging From behind a dark curtain, sword in hand and proudly intent on observing the head of Goliath, still bleeding after the decapitation.

davide e golia caravaggio - Borghese gallery tour
Davide and Golia – Caravaggio – Borghese Gallery individual tour

Although the head of the giant is already severed, it is Still strongly expressive. The emotive sensitivity expressed on the wrinkled Forehead. in the mouth opened in the final breath, and in the intense, suffering glance of Goliath, is also felt in the flesh of the torso and the expression on the face of David. The brown trousers and torn shirt which he is wearing contain passages of great pictorial synthesis, involving the use of long, separate brushstrokes and the juxtaposition, in the case of the shirt, of pure whites and greys, in a subtle play of transparency. Caravaggio used his own self-portrait for the head of Goliath, while in the David the features of  his «little Caravaggio» are reproduced. A recent hypothesis suggests that the David is a youthful portrait of the artist, which would make the painting a double self—portrait. With conflicring feelings of disgust and pity, with one hand David brandishes his sword, on whose blade are letters which are not easy to decipher, but which may form the morto «Humilitas Occidit Superbiam»; the biblical hero is in fact a model of virtue. If one accepts the hypothesis that Scipione Borghese had commissioned Caravaggio for the work, it probably belongs to the last Roman period and would therefore be from before 1606. However, some scholars attribute the simplification of forms, the essential quality of the composition and the rapid application of brushstrokes to a later period. In this case the painting may be interpreted as a gift, sent by the attiSt to Cardinal Scipione Borghese in the expecration of being granted grace, as the lasr attempt at drawing attention to the desperation of his circumstances and his wish to return to Rome.

VILLA BORGHESE

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villa borghese map
VILLA BORGHESE MAP

In 1605, Cardinal Scipione Borghese, nephew of Pope Paul V and patron of Bernini, began turning this former vineyard into the most extensive gardens built in Rome since Antiquity. The vineyard’s site is identified with the gardens of Lucullus, the most famous in the late Roman republic. In the 19th century much of the garden’s former formality was remade as a landscape garden in the English taste (illustration, right). The Villa Borghese gardens were long informally open, but were bought by the commune of Rome and given to the public in 1903. The large landscape park in the English taste contains several villas. The Spanish Steps lead up to this park, and there is another entrance at the Porte del Popolo by Piazza del Popolo. The Pincio (the Pincian Hill of ancient Rome), in the south part of the park, offers one of the greatest views over Rome.

A balustrade (dating from the early seventeenth century) from the gardens, was taken to England in the late 19th century, and installed in the grounds of Cliveden House, a mansion in Buckinghamshire, in 1896. The Piazza di Siena, located in the villa, hosted the equestrian dressage, individual jumping, and the jumping part of the eventing competition for the 1960 Summer Olympics. In 2004, a species of Italian snail was discovered, still living on the balustrade after more than 100 years in England.

Today the Galleria Borghese is housed in the Villa Borghese itself. The garden Casino Borghese, built on a rise above the Villa by the architect Giovanni Vasanzio, was set up by Camillo Borghese to contain sculptures by Bernini from the Borghese collection, including his David and his Daphne, and paintings by Titian, Raphael and Caravaggio.
The Villa Giulia adjoining the Villa Borghese gardens was built in 1551 – 1555 as a summer residence for Pope Julius III; now it contains the Etruscan Museum (Museo Etrusco).

The Villa Medici houses the French Academy in Rome, and the Fortezzuola a Gothic garden structure that houses a collection memorializing the academic modern sculptor Pietro Canonica. In the 1650s, Diego Velázquez painted several depictions of this Villa’s garden casino festively illuminated at night. Before electricity, such torchlit illuminations carried an excitement hard to conceive today.
Other villas scattered through the Villa Borghese gardens are remains of a world exposition in Rome in 1911.
The Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna located in its grounds has a collection of 19th- and 20th-century paintings emphasizing Italian artists.
Architecturally the most notable of the 1911 exposition pavilions is the English pavilion designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens (who later designed New Delhi), now housing the British School at Rome.

The villa’s gardens feature in one of Respighi’s Pini di Roma

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Reservation excursions in: Rome, Tivoli, Roman castles – Castelli Romani, Viterbo, Ostia Antica, Lazio lakes, Tuscany, Florence,Siena,Chianti, Bolsena lakes, Arezzo, Assisi, Orvieto, Civita di Bagnoregio, Naples, Pompeii, Amalfi, Positano, with departure from Rome,Civitavecchia, Fiumicino and Ciampino  Rome airports
Reservation contacts tours in Lazio – Tuscany Abruzzo with a private guide
+39 389 59 75 184  info@rusrim.com +39 329 448 3644

 

Amalfi Positano Sorrento Pompeii private car tour from Rome

+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

All tours will start and finish from
Piazza della Repubblica 20 – Rome 00100
or prefered places your Hotel.
Payment at the end of the tour

Private tour to Pompeii, Amalfi, Positano, Sorrento with english private guide and car Daily excursion from Rome

Individual private car tour in Amalfi and Pompeii with english private guide Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax
Pompeii and Amalfi PRIVATE VIP TOUR with GUIDE and CAR or on request with only ENGLISH speaking DRIVER

amalfi campaniaAmalfi panoramaAmalfi pittoresco

Our guides are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy.

Amalfi scalinataCostiera AmalfitanaPositano panorama

ROME and AROUND ROME CAR TOURS

Car tour: Rome to Pompeii and Amalfi

TOP TOURS IN ITALY

Car excursions with private guide Rome to Naples in:
Reservation contacts tours in Naples, Pompeii and Amalfi with guide
+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

 

Private car tours of Rome and Vatican

+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

Private Sightseeing tour in Rome and Vatican – private guide with car

Rome Private tour by Adel Karanov – Art guide & music composer

A one-day guided tour experience lasting minimum 3 hours or more BY CAR for groups of up to 5 people. Rome tours of main squares, fountains, churches and museums  selected for you. The private  tour of Rome and the Vatican city,  includes short walks on foot for visits of monuments and stops for taking pictures and a lunch or a coffee break. The sequence of monuments and their choice will display a historical and artistic evolution of the Eternal City.

Rome and Vatican private tour with driver guide : Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax Price for the tour – Price NOT for person

ROMA – VIDEO – original Music by Adel Karanov – VIDEO rusrim.com

As well as a perfect overview of ​​the different types of styles in the arts of architecture and sculpture and painting. Many monuments, private art collections, entrances to palaces are offered exclusively by RUSRIM. tour guides.

ROME PRIVATE CAR TOUR WITH GUIDE and CAR or on request with only ENGLISH speaking driver guide

Rome private car tour list of monuments

Piazza Barberini, Palazzo del Quirinale, Fontana di Trevi, Colosseo, Piazza Esedra, Fontana delle Naiadi, Basilica Santa Maria degli angeli, Circus maximus, Avenitino hill, Basilica di Santa Sabina, The orange garden, Rome rose garden, Order of Malta, Pyramid of Cestius,Piazza Venezia, Campidoglio hill, Bocca della Verità, Temple of Portunus, Tempio di Ercole Vincitore, Janiculum Hill, Tempietto del Bramante, San Peter square and basilica San Pietro

san pietro panoramicmuseo scultura romanaarco di constantino

Our art guides are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy. Rusrim private tours in Italy with driver guide

fontane-romc1c6

Inside the guided tour experience you can choose to visit important archaeological areas like dungeons, catacombs, ancient walls, sacred places and secret areas accessible to limited number of people. The collection of Greek and Roman classical sculptures offering sculptures of emperors, athletes, mythological figures and ancient deities can be viewed in an exclusive way.

During the guided tour you can have a break for tasting of local food preferred by Roman elite.

In summer the most popular organic ice cream shop in Rome is a place to drop in.

 Aria Italiana by Adel Karanov – Soprano Mila Pavlova
VIP TOUR ROME ITALIY Original music and video Rusrim.com

 

 Private tour of Rome and Vatican

 List of the monuments

Rome and Vatican – car tour with private guide with car in english, french, bulgarian, russian, and ukrainian
private tours of rome
Private tour of Rome
  1. Piazza Barberini square – Fontana del Tritone or Triton Fountain (1642–3) sculpted by Bernini – BARBERINI PALACEbarberini square - rome private tour
  2. Palazzo del Quirinale – Official residence of the President of the Italian Republic 
  3. Fontana di Trevi – The Trevi fountain  a happy and successful marriage of classicism and baroque, was planned as an exhibition of the Acqua Vergine by Nicola Salvi under the patronage of Trevi fountain Rome private tour
    Clement XII. Pope Urban VIII Barberini had already instructed Gian Lorenzo Bernini to «transform» the piazza and the fountain. but the project was never carried out. Set along one side of Palazzo Poli, the Fountain, which was made by Nicola Salvi between 1732 and 1763, represents an original and imaginative fusion, in the Berninian Style, of architecture, sculpture and the natural elements which contribute to the Fountain’s unique character. The theme of the sculpture is the sea. The design is dominated by a charior in the form of a shell in which the great statue of Neptune by Pietro Bracci stands, flanked in the side niches by Health and Plenty, the works of Filippo Della Valle. The charior is pulled by marine horses. who are in turn preceded by tritons. The marine divinities are placed on rocks of irregular blocks of travertine. The fountain sprawls below the facade of the palazzo behind it, which is in rigidly classicising Style, based on the triumphal arch model, with further sculptures in niches as well as in the attic storey and an elegant balustrade. The surrounding houses crowd round the splendid monument, giving the impression of an amphitheatre, while the noise of the fountain’s water can be heard From the maze of surrounding streets up to the moment when the snow-white scene appears miraculously before the astonished eyes of the visitor.
  4.  – Piazza Esedra
    piazza della repubblica Roma - Private car tour of Rome
    Fontana delle Naiadi – Piazza della Repubblica Roma – Private car tour of Rome

    – Fontana delle Naiadi
    – Basilica Santa Maria degli angeli e dei Martiri (part of the Terme di Diocleziano emperor) by Michelangelo Buonarroti 

  5. Santa Maria degli angeli  
    basilica-santa-maria-degli-angeli-Rome private tour
    Basilica-Santa-Maria-degli-angeli- Rome car tour


  6. Colosseo –  Anfiteatro Flavio – Amphitheatrum Flavium
    Anfiteatro Flavio - Colosseo - Rome private tour
    Anfiteatro Flavio – Colosseo – Rome private tour

    From the moment it was built, the grandeur of the Flavian Amphitheatre has conditioned Rome’s urban landscape and it still dominates the ancient centre. Its arcaded surface was
    chosen as the theatrical background to the Via dei Fori lmperiali. It was the first amphitheatre to be built in Rome in the form of a monument. In the Republican age the gladiatorial games took place in the Roman Forum, where temporary wooden structures were provided for the occasion. Vespasian, the founder of the Flavian dynasty, emerged victorious from the civil war which followed Nero’s death in 69 AD. As part of a coherent political scheme, the new Emperor decided to dedicate the huge urban spaces and works of art appropriated by Nero to the public, for their enjoyment. The organisation of the internal seating was Strictly governed by the laws established by Augustus, through which spectators were seated according to their social class.

  7. In the Basilica of San Clemente, which was built at the beginning of the 12th century, the ancient paintings From the first early Christian basilica have survived and mosr of the apse and arch mosaics are intact. The main subject of the cycle of Frescoes dating back to the end of the 11th century. in the present lower church. is the celebration of the titular saint: the martyr Pope of the primitive church. Clemente. The episodes relating to the life of the saint are portrayed in the nave. The cycle also includes Stories From the other saints, including the legend of Saint Alessio.
  8. Circus maximus- Circo Massimo – it was the first and largest stadium in ancient Rome and its later Empire
  9. Avenitino hill – Colle AventinoAventino - Rome car tours
  10. Basilica di Santa Sabina and Porta lignea di Santa Sabina The orange garden – The Basilica of Santa Sabina is situated on the slopes of the Aventine. lts foundations, which document almost a thousand years of hisrory, testify to the lively building acrivity, which, in antiquity, had as its backdrop this hill which was then so rich in springs and vegetation.
  11. Parco degli aranci and the romantic view of Rome in Vatican directionOrange garden - Rome car tour
  12. Rome rose garden – Giardino delle rose – Over 1100 varieties of roses are grown there, many of them gifts from countries around the world.

    The rose garden Rome private tour
    The rose garden Rome private tour
  13. Order of Malta square – Sovrano militare ordine di Malta Roma – Piazza Cavalieri di Malta – Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) or Order of Malta is the modern Rome-based continuation of the medieval Knights Hospitaller.   The entity retains sovereignty under international law, including permanent observer status at the United Nations,  issuing its own passports, currency and postal stamps with the Maltese cross insignia. Order of Malta - Rome private tour Ordine di Malta - Rome car tour

  14. Pyramid of Cestius – Piramide di Caio Cestio – ancient pyramid in Rome built about 18 BC–12 BC as a tomb for Gaius Cestius, a magistrate and member of one of the four great religious corporations in Rome, the Septemviri Epulonum.
  15. Best Italian ice cream shop and the old bar pasticceria and local food Food Italy Rome private tour
  16. Piazza Venezia – Venezia square in ROME –  It takes its name from the Palazzo Venezia, built by the Venetian Cardinal, Pietro Barbo – later Pope Paul II , alongside the church of Saint Mark, the patron saint of Venice. The Palazzo Venezia served as the embassy of the Republic of Venice in Rome. 

    venice square Rome car tours
    venice square Rome car tours
  17. Colonna Traiana – Trajan’s Column – Roman triumphal column that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan’s victory in the Dacian Wars. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate.
  18. Mercati di Traiano – Mercatus Traiani – Trajan’s Market was probably built in 100-110 AD by Apollodorus of Damascus. The huge architecrural complex of the forum and Trajan’s Markets was until late antiquity considered the most famous of Rome’s wonders. The impressive projecr was attributed to Apollodorus of Damascus, a Syrian architecr. who worked mainly under the Emperor Trajan, in the F: rst half of the second century AD. This architect, one of the few artisrs of whom records survive, Fused and reworked the Fundamental principles of Hellenistic and Roman architecture. The Markets, which were designed at the same time as Trajan’s forum, are set on the slopes of the Quirinale. with a series of superimposed terraces. The removal of part of the hill, to a height equivalent to that of Trajan’s column, had made space for the creation of a piazza (square) in the grand style. The complex, which was designed for commercial and storage use, is articulated on dilTerent levels, and its facade consisrs of a large exea’ra (curving wall), which includes the Forum’s eastern side, with eleven tabernae (booths) facing it.
  19. Campidoglio hill – Piazza del Campidoglio – Collis Capitōlīnus – It was the citadel (equivalent of the ancient Greek acropolis) of the earliest Romans. The existing design of the Piazza del Campidoglio and the surrounding palazzi was created by Renaissance artist and architect Michelangelo Buonarroti in 1536–1546. At the height of his fame, he was commissioned by the Farnese Pope Paul III, who wanted a symbol of the new Rome to impress Charles V, who was expected in 1538.
  20. Foro Romano – Roman forum panoramic view 

    Roman forum - rome private tourse
    Roman forum – rome private tourse
  21. Theatre of Marcellus – Teatro marcello – Theatrum Marcelli – The theatre was 111 m in diameter and was the largest and most important theatre in Ancient Rome; it could originally hold between 11,000 and 20,000 spectators. 

    Teatro Marccello - Ancient Rome private tour
    Teatro Marccello – Ancient Rome private tour
  22. Piazza della Bocca della Verità – The square lies in the ancient area of the Forum Boarium, just in front of the Tiber Island; it takes its name from the Bocca della Verità. The fountain in front of the two temples, called Fountain of the Tritons, released by Carlo Bizzaccheri. Besides the church, dating back to the late Middle Ages, the square houses the Arcus Argentariorum, the Arch of Janus, the Temple of Hercules Victor and the Temple of Portunus, a deity related to the ancient river harbour. 

    tempio ercole vincitore - Rome private tour
    tempio ercole vincitore – piazza bocca della verità – Rome private tour
  23. Temple of Portunus – Tempio di Portuno – Its Ionic order has been much admired, drawn and engraved and copied since the 16th century (see illustration, right).  The temple owes its state of preservation from its being converted to use as a church in 872 and rededicated to Santa Maria Egyziaca (Saint Mary of Egypt).

    tempio di portuno Rome private tour
    Tempio di Portuno – Rome private tour
  24. Tempio di Ercole Vincitore – The Temple of Hercules Victor – Hercules the Winner or Hercules Olivarius – Dating from the later 2nd century BC By 1132 the temple had been converted to a church, known as Santo Stefano alle Carozze (St. Stephen ‘of the carriages).
  25. Fontana dei Tritoni – This fountain should be distinguished from the similarly named nearby Triton Fountain (Fontana del Tritone) by Bernini. The fountain was completed in 1715 by architect Carlo Francesco Bizzaccheri, during the works for the accommodation of the square in front of the basilica.

  26. Michelangelo Moses The coveted commission of his own splendid mausoleum by Julius II turned into an urter tragedy for Michelangelo, thanks to the continuous interruptions and endless modifications to which the original design was subjecr. Michelangelo threw himself into the projecr with great enthusiasm, following the firsr plan. This envisaged a mausoleum of three sroreys decorated with forty statues in marble, and bronze reliefs; the Moses was to form a pendant to the Statue of Saint Paul, borh being symbols of the mysrery of God’s revelation. Having spent a considerable time on producing numerous drawings and Studies, as well as choosing the marbles in Carrara, the sculptor was forced to abandon the project and concentrate firstly on the work in Saint Peter’s, to which Julius II apparently gave precedence, and, after that, on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. When the Pope died in 1513, Michelangelo returned to the projecr, although it had been very much reduced and modified: the mausoleum was no longer free-Standing but attached to the walls and it had Fewer statues. The artisr undertook to finish this second projecr within seven years, but, in face thirty years would pass before the end producr of the tomb in San Pietro in Vmcoli was achieved, work on this having only been resumed in 1532 after a long interruption. Between 1513 and 1515 Michelangelo worked on the statues of the first two Prisoners (today in the Louvre), which should have acted as telamons to hold up the architrave beside the two figures ofViCtories, and that of Moses. The latter undoubtedly represents one of the summits of Michelangelo‘s art in terms of expressiveness. 
  27. Janiculum Hill – Colle del Gianicolo – Rome panoramic view 

    Gianicolo Rome car tour
    Gianicolo hill – Rome car tour
  28. Tempietto del Bramante – Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio  Built on the top of the Gianicolo, the tempietto (little temple) was commissioned by the King of Spain to consecrate the place in which, according to medieval tradition, Saint Peter, the martyr, founder of the Christian Church and flat pope, had been crucified. The young architeCt Bramante conceived it as a genuine martyrium in antique style. with a central plan and a circle of perimeter columns.
    The Bramante temple in Rome
    The Bramante temple – Rome

    The building must have been placed in a large square, which, however. was never built. In spite of the reduced size, the space has been planned in grandiose, monumental Style. It is evidently based on the study of the rules of harmony of the Roman Vitruvius, who advised the use of the Doric order of columns for buildings dedicated to masculine divinitics or mythological figures famous for their sum and courage. The architeCt Bramante did in Fact use the Doric order for the tempietto. giving it an air of rigour and economy, which is also due to limited use of excessive decoration and the sober harmony of the volumes. 

    Tempietto del Bramante Roma - Car tours of rome
    Tempietto del Bramante Roma – Car tours of Rome
  29. Fontana Paolina o Fontana dell’Acqua Paola – Il fontanone The big fountain – It was built in 1612 to mark the end of the Acqua Paola aqueduct, restored by Pope Paul V, and took its name from him. It was the first major fountain on the left bank of the River Tiber.
  30. Vaticano – The Vatican and Santa Cecilia
  • San Peter square and basilica San Pietro The open space which lies before the basilica was redesigned by Gian Lorenzo Bernini from 1656 to 1667, under the direction of Pope Alexander VII.
    The colossal Tuscan colonnades, four columns deep, frame the trapezoidal entrance to the basilica and the massive elliptical area which precedes it.
    At the center of the ovato tondo stands an Egyptian obelisk of red granite, 25.5 metres tall, supported on bronze lions and surmounted by the Chigi arms in bronze, in all 41 metres to the cross on its top. The obelisk was originally erected at Heliopolis, Egypt, by an unknown pharaoh. During the Middle Ages, the gilt ball on top of the obelisk was believed to contain the ashes of Julius Caesar. 
S. Peter Vatican private tour
S. Peter Vatican private tour


San Pietro Rome private tour
San Pietro Rome private tour
vaticano Rome private tour
Vaticano Rome private tour
Exclusive Rome car tours with private local guide
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★ FLEXIBILE PROGRAMME  ★ INSIDE TOURS OF MONUMENTS

★ SMALL GROUPS OF UP TO 6 PEOPLE

★ INDIVIDUAL CAR WITH A DRIVER ★ AN EXPERIENCED GUIDE

Extra visit of other monuments – Rome individual car tour

 

CAPITOLINE COLLECTIONS IN THE MONTEMARTINI POWER STATION Private tour of Rome from small group and individuals

This extraordinary example of industrial archaeology converted into a museum – the first public electricity plant, named after Giovanni Montemartini..

 Private car tour in Rome Classic arts in Rome car tour Montemartini power station Rome Montemartini Rome private tour Musei capitolini Rome car tours
  • Rome National Etruscan Museum  Villa Giulia- Museo nazionale etrusco di Villa Giulia – Individual private tour in RomeVilla-Giulia-Museum-Rome car tour loggia-degli-amanti-Villa-Giulia-Roma private car tour

 

  • Roman Catacombs Via Appia antica – Catacombe di San Sebastiano – Individual private tour in Rome

San Sebastiano Catacombe - Rome individual toursRome-catacombs-of-Saint-Sebastian- Rome car tours

 

  • Sant’Angelo Castle – Rome

Castel Sant Angelo – Private tour in Rome

Saint-angels-castle-Rome-private toursThe Tiber is dominated by the impressive Mole of Hadrian, built at the behest of the Emperor, probably designed by him and conceived as his personal mausoleum and tomb. Begun in about 123 AD and finished a year after the death of the Emperor by Antoninus Pius, it became the burial place of the Roman emperors up to Caracalla. To reach the mausoleum Hadrian had a bridge specially built opposite the entrance to the majestic building. The mausoleum was in the form of a square at whose corners there were statuary groups. Today the corners of the massive structure are reinforced by bastions erected in the course of the 16th century on the Pope’s wishes, and there are monuments which increase the security and isolation of the mausoleum, which had the appearance of a small fortified village. The tour of the museum inside includes superb cycles of frescoes from the School of Raphael, such as the frieze by Perin del Vaga recounting the tale of Cupid and Psyche, from 1545-1547, and the frescoes of the apartment of Pope Paul III which are attributed to the young Pellegrino Tibaldi.

ROME – ROMA

rome private tours

ROME and AROUND ROME PRIVATE CAR TOURS

PRIVATE CAR TOURS IN ROME and AROUND ROME – RUSRIM.COM

Small group tours in minivans ensuring the highest level of comfort. Our vehicles are fully equipped with all the options required for long trips, including air conditioning. An English speaking driver will be at your disposal for the whole day and will arrange the most satisfactory tour with you. CAR TOUR WITH GUIDE and CAR or on request with only ENGLISH speaking DRIVER

Individual excursions with private guide in Rome, Vatican, Tivoli, Roman Castles and other central Italy towns

Excursions – private tours from Rome with local private guide in:

Private guide in Rome contacts

+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184