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Excursion of Rome for children

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Excursion of Rome for children

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ROMA

ROMA Private car tours
ROME PRIVATE TOURS

ROME PRIVATE TOURS

Individual excursions with english guide in Rome, Vatican, Night Rome, Tivoli, Tarquinia, Florence, Siena and other central Italy towns

Car excursions with private guide in Rome and Tuscany
Reservation contacts, excursion in Rome –  Lazio, Tuscany and Umbria
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Biopark in Rome tour for children

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Biopark – Rome car tour in english

ideal for children and adults

zoo rome

Rome for kids Half day excursion with english guide in the zoological garden of Villa Borghese – Rome

Rome excursions for kids

 

ROMA

ROMA Private car tours
ROME PRIVATE TOURS

Day  private tours of Italy with driver guide Lazio Rome – Tuscany Florence Pisa – Veneto Venice – Trentino – Bologna

ROME and AROUND ROME PRIVATE TOURS

 

Individual excursions with private guide in Rome, Vatican, Tivoli, Roman Castles and other central Italy towns

Car excursions with private guide in:
Reservation contacts tours in Rome with guide
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DISNEYLAND IN ROME AND AQUAPARK

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DISNEYLAND IN ROME  – PRIVATE TOUR with DRIVER GUIDE

Rome private car tour  Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax – car and english guide

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AQUAPARK

Summer tour from Rome

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Car tours in Rome for children – Rusrim.com

Individual excursions in Rome with private guide

Delfinarium, zoological garden of Rome and other children tours

Day  private tours in Italy with driver guide Lazio Rome – Tuscany Florence Pisa – Veneto Venice – Trentino – Bologna

ROME and AROUND ROME PRIVATE TOURS

 

Individual excursions with private guide in Rome, Vatican, Tivoli, Roman Castles and other central Italy towns

Car excursions with private guide in:
Reservation contacts tours in Lazio and Tuscany with guide
+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

 

Bracciano Private tour around Rome

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Bracciano lake – Odescalchi castles 

Day tour with local guide and car

The Odescalchi castle – Bracciano RM – Around Rome half and full day tour
Castello Orsini-Odescalchi is a castle in Bracciano, in the Province of Rome, Lazio, Italy. It is located on the southern shore of Lake Bracciano. It was built in the 15th century, and combines the functions of a military defence structure and a civilian residence of the feudal lords of the period, the Orsini and Borgia, both papal families. As one of the largest and best-maintained castles in Italy, it also houses a museum; as a centre of cultural events, the Castello has hosted several high-profile weddings like the ones of Tom Cruise/Katie Holmes, Eros Ramazzotti/ Michelle Hunziker, and Petra Ecclestone/James Stunt.

Bracciano private car tour from Rome, with english private guide  Eur 60 / pax Max 6 pax

Bracciano private tour around Rome By Adel Karanov

lakes and castles private tour around Rome rusrim

Vip Private tour from Rome to Bracciano lake

Bracciano lake Private tour – Rusrim – Tour around Rome with local guide and car
Lake Bracciano (Italian: Lago di Bracciano) is a lake of volcanic origin in the Italian region of Lazio, 32 km (20 mi) northwest of Rome. It is the second largest lake in the region (second only to Lake Bolsena) and one of the major lakes of Italy. It has a circular perimeter of approximately 32 km (20 mi). Its inflow is from precipitation runoff and percolation, and from underground springs, and its outflow is the Arrone.
The lake owes its origin to intense volcanic activity from 600,000 to 40,000 years before present, which created many small volcanoes in the Sabatino territory. The main magma chamber was situated under the present lake of Bracciano.

Rome private VIP tour and around Rome

 

Bracciano – Trevignano lake and castle car tour

Private tour around Rome with local guide and car 

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Around Rome individual car tour from Rome, with english private guide  Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax

Our guides are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy.

Bracciano lake – North Rome Lazio

VIDEO soft electronic music by A. Karanov – Bracciano exclusive private car tour from Rome

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Bracciano and Martignano Regionalpark of Lazio Region- UNESCO site

Private tour in the UNESCO sites around Rome

Браччано и Мартигнано

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Martignano lake –

Around Rome private tour – Local guide with car

In ancient times Lake Martignano was part of southern Etruria and called Alsietinus Lacus. Augustus drew from it the Aqua Alsietina; the water was hardly fit to drink, and was mainly intended to supply his naumachia (lake made for a sham naval battle) at Rome,

 near San Francesco a Ripa, on the right bank of the Tiber, where some traces of the aqueduct were perhaps found in 1720. The course of the aqueduct, which was mainly subterranean, is practically unknown: Frontinus tells us that it received a branch from the lake of Bracciano near Careiae (Galera): and an inscription relating to it was found in this district in 1887

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Individual car tours in Rome and central Italy

ROMA

ROMA Private car tours
ROME PRIVATE TOURS

Day  private tours in Italy with driver guide Lazio Rome – Tuscany Florence Pisa – Veneto Venice – Trentino – Bologna

PRIVATE TOURS AROUND ROME

Excursions with private guide

Rome, Vatican, Tivoli, Roman Castles and other central Italy towns

Car excursions with private guide in:
Reservation contacts tours in Lazio and Tuscany with guide
+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

 

Tivoli private tour

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Villa d’Este – Villa Adriana – Villa Gregoriana

Tivoli private car tour around Rome – local guide with car

Tivoli private tour from Rome with english private guide  Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax

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Our guides are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy.

Tivoli car excursion from Rome

Villa d’Este – Villa Adriana – Villa Gregoriana
 Private tour around Rome with guide and car
  • Tivoli private tour from Rome

Tivoli is reached by Via Tiburtina, the ancient Roman consular road which takes its name from Tivoli itself. The town was called Tibur in Roman times after the leg-endary Tibertus, venerated as founder of the city with his brother Catillus. The lat-ter gave his name to the hill which domi-nates Tivoli, rising on the right bank of the Aniene river. Set atop the first pre-Appennine buttress which suddenly rears up after the vast expanse of the Roman plain, Tivoli occu-pies a wonderful panoramic position: After traveling along the winding Via

Villa D este fontana centraletivoli d este giardinitivoli fontane tour rusrim

Tiburtina that climbs up the green, olive-clad hill, the large Piazza Garibaldi, bor-dered on the left by a spacious panoramic terrace, offers views onto the entire plain and Rome in the distance. Tivoli is best known for its three villas (Villa d’Este, Hadrian’s Villa and Villa Gregoriana), yet the city is rich with several other interest-ing monuments and sites that are worth visitine, if only in passing. The distin-guished monuments scattered through the town, their panoramic position, and the waters of the Aniene river, seemingly omni-present in waterfalls, cascades and conduits for industrial use, help create the intimate surroundings for the villas. A brief itinerary begins at Piazza Garibaldi, at the end of which, on the left, is Piazza Trento. Here rises the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore (known to locals as S. Francesco), a beautiful 13th-century Romanesque-Gothic building. From Piazza Trento, nearby Via della Missione leads towards the old part of town, with its medieval quarter and Romanesque-Gothic churches. Narrow undulating streets and pic-turesque medieval houses on Via Campitelli and Piazza San Nicola are a pleasantly surprising feature of this small town.

rusrim tivoli tourvilla adriana tivoliTivoli Villa D Este soffitto

From here, Via del Colle leads to the Romanesque Church of San Silvestro, with particularly noteworthy 12th and 13th-century frescoes in the apse. Further down is the Duomo, dedicated to San Lorenzo, rebuilt in the middle of the 17th century. Highlights include the fine porti-co and the Romanesque campanile (12th century). Inside is an expressive Deposition from the Cross (one of the most famous wood sculptures of the 13th century) and tlx equally important Tryptich of the Savior, kept in an embossed silver casing. a valu-able piece of silver-craftsmanship that dates to 1449. The Duomo closes one of the short sides of what was once the Forum – the center of public and private life in the city – during Roman times, as evidenced by the many important relics found in the area. Going towards the Aniene, at the level of Ponte Gregoriano, is Piazza Rivarola. From there, Via della Sibilla goes left to one of the most famous monuments in Tivoli, the so-called Temple of the Sibyl. The true name of the temple is not known, though it is thought to have been dedicated to Vesta, or else to Hercules Saxanus, who was particularly venerated in Tivoli. The adjacent rectangular temple was probably the one dedicated to the Sibyl. The temples rise from a rocky footing, overhanging the romantic park of Villa Gregoriana.

  • VILLA ADRIANA – Tivoli private tour 

 Daily tour around Rome with guide and car

When Publius Elis Hadrian assumed power on the 2nd of August, 117 AD, the Roman empire was at its maximum extent and power. The second Spanish-born Roman Emperor (after Trajan) Hadrian was a wise politician and a first-rate military comman-der. Despite numerous victories, he under-stood that Rome’s conquering period had come to an end, and that the empire needed stability above all else. Perhaps the most complex and compelling of all Roman emperors, Hadrian was a highly-cultured man. He appreciated all  forms of art, but had a special passion for architecture, which he indulged even while traveling, as he was accompanied by an army of smiths, masons, jointers and car-penters. In England, Hadrian rebuilt London in 122 AD, about sixty years after the fire, and he also constructed the famous Valium, a long defensive wall that was named after him.

Hadrians villa Tivoli private tour VIDEO and music by Adel Karanov private guide in Rome

Emperor Hadrian - Tivoli tour
Emperor Hadrian – TIVOLI Daily private tour

In Athens, where he spent much of his time trying to strengthen Rome’s eastern boundaries against the incipient threat of barbarian invasion, the emperor carried out conspicuous restoration projects and enriched the city with new buildings of great beauty. Hadrian understood the strongest cultural and civil needs of his time, and brought together the refinements of Greek culture and the traditional governing skills which the Romans had developed over the cen-turies. This combination was embodied in the Villa he built. The charming mix of ruins and natural landscape makes it a powerful romantic attraction, and the deeply innova-tive nature of Hadrian’s architecture is self-evident in each building. As indicated by the dates printed on the bricks of the build-ings, this extraordinary complex was con-structed between the years 118 and 134 A.D. at the foot of Tibur – today’s Tivoli – a town founded in the 9th century BC on the border of the calcareous terrace stretching from the Tiburtini Hills toward the Roman countryside. Four years after the completion of the Villa, the emperor died at age 62 from cirrhosis of the liver in Baia, where he had gone seeking mild weather and a cure for the disease.

villa adriana car excursion
Villa Adriana – Tivoli private tour with local guide

It is difficult to imagine the scope of the original Villa; only one fifth of the three-hundred hectares that originally occupied the site are visible today. The project was so gigantic that neighboring Tibur went through a phase of urban and demographic expansion both during the construction of the Villa and afterwards, when many of its inhabitants were employed here. The Villa’s unique size and superb level of artistic refinement should not obscure the fact that large villas harmoniously set in the land-scape were a distinctive feature of Roman architecture. In fact, as early as the Republican era, the countryside was studded with spacious rustic villas fully equipped to work as efficient farms with ample storage facilities, olive presses, mills, fish reser-voirs, stables and pigeon-houses. In the 1st century BC. during the transition from republican to imperial times, the rustic Villa lost its role of productive center to become, instead, a status symbol. Accordingly, utili-tarian buildings were substituted with gym-nasiums, porticos, peristyles, vestibules, cryptoporticos, exedras, verandas and nympheums.

villa adriana tivoli
Villa Adriana Tivoli car tour from Rome

The first glorious example of how aristocratic villas might evolve into imperial residences was the Domus Aurea, the realization of Nero’s dream of building a city-villa. Almost nothing remains of the fantastic masterpiece of the “crazy emper-or”, but a few decades later Hadrian elevat-ed this native architectural invention to its highest splendor, infusing his Villa with the refined taste of a restless soul. Among Villa Adriana’s best-known features are the numerous references to those places that had most impressed the emperor’s memory and spirit, which are mentioned in a list by Elio Sparziano, one of the writers of the Historia Augusta. But only the Canopus, as we will see below, can be identified with one of these places. All the other names were sug-gested by Renaissance or later scholars. Modern scholars tend to recognize the mark of Hadrian’s political program, which for the first time put the provinces on par with Rome, in the Villa’s bizarre and even capri-cious reproductions of exotic architecture. But in reality, the designs employed were more a matter of personal interpretation than of mere imitation. Hadrian’s immediate suc-cessors, the Antonini, used the Villa as their summer residence, but after them the Villa fell into disrepair. Diocletian restored it at the end of the 3rd century AD. Shortly afterwards, according to several texts, Constantine embellished Constantinople -the new capital of the eastern empire – with many artistic pieces taken from Villa Adriana, which from that time shared with most of the great Roman monuments a des-tiny of neglect and damage (Gothic and Byzantine armies alternatively camped in the Villa’s grounds during the terrible Gothic wars) and even more devastating pil-lages in the 16th century, during the first archaeological excavations. About three-hundred masterpieces have so far been discovered and put on display in museums and collections all over the world. A mere trifle when compared to the crowd of statues and objects which once filled the Villa, vying in numbers with the incredibly rich contents of the Vatican Museums today. Some of these works definitely deserve mention, if only to imagine how they might have once adorned the Villa. Among Roman copies from Greek originals: the famous Discobolus of Mirone, housed in the Vatican Museums, and the Tvrannicides at the Naples’ National Museum (5th centu-ry BC); Praxitele’s Three resting satyrs, one of which is displayed at the Capitoline Museums in Rome (4th century BC). Unforgettable sculptures from the 3rd to the 1st centuries BC are the Niobide (Vatican Museums), the Crouching Venus by Doidaldas (Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome), the Two Centaurs with Faun in rosso antico marble (Capitoline Museums) and a Faun (Vatican Museums). Several original Roman sculptures such as the Colossal masks and the Ocean, Two telam-ons, Two peacocks, a Deer’s head and, above all, the gigantic Antinoos represented like Bacchus, are also on display at the Vatican Museums. Of remarkable interest is the large group of sculptures made in the Egyptian style, divided between the Vatican Museums and the Capitoline Museums. Only a few of the countless decorative pieces that contributed to the extraordinary elegance of Hadrian’s Villa are exhibited in museums and public galleries. The rest have disappeared into private collections, Finally, some splendid mosaics include: the Mosaic of the doves at the Capitoline Museums and the noteworthy collection at the Vatican Museums, which includes the panels with Animals, in the Room of the Animals; the Theater masks. which gave the name to the famous Gabinetto; and the cheerful Flower garlands in the library.

  • VILLA D’ESTE and GARDENS – Tivoli private tour

    Excursions around Rome – Tivoli car tour with guide 
Villa D este fontana centrale
Villa D’Este tour Tivoli from Rome with Car and Guide

Lola and Paolo Calandrino (whose names are carved inside the grotto, below the caryatids on the left) with mosaics formed by scales of rock and stuccos in high and low relief. There are also remarkable decorations made from enamel, shells and coral. The glazed majolica floor featured an array of colored figures, ranging from a kneeling monk to a pelican, an Etruscan profile to a country cottage, and geese to
fish. Some dates and names marked in rough letters are still visible: Portia. Nabuli, Amore, Cremona. Laurentina, Roma and Cornelia were perhaps names of women who had been clear to the artisans who worked on the floor. The extremely rich decoration must have been truly magnificent in its time.

MAPS OF VILLA D’ESTE GARDENS  – TIVOLI PRIVATE CAR TOUR 

Tivoli gardens map
Maps of the Villa D’Este gardens – Tivoli car excursions from Rome

Most of the precious sculptures that adorned the grotto are now in the Capitoline Museum in Rome, where they were placed after being acquired by Pope Benedict XIV; among those that remain are two statues of Amazons, Minerva and, notably, Diana the Humress with her bow, to whom the grotto is dedicated. Aside from the usual Caryatids and the relatively rare stuccoed quince branches, the walls are embellished with mythological scenes featuring Minerva, Neptune and several of the Muses. The fountain of Diana was a delightful work in relief, enlivened by gold and splendid colors, and by the precious stones that were set into the eyes of the Muses. Although some of the vivacious color has been lost, this still remains the most elaborate fountain of the Villa.

  • THE FOUNTAIN OF THE BICCHIERONE
    Fontana del bicchierone TIVOLI tour
    Fontana del Bicchierone – Tivoli private tour

    The central axis of the Villa leads down to the calm and elegant fountain of the Bicchierone (large drinking glass), con- structed in 1661 according to designs by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The fountain, therefore, does not belong to the original plan of the Villa, but was added about a century later. The cheerful, bold harmony and fine style of the Bicchierone clearly suggest the involvement of the great master. who worked on several projects at the Villa d’Este. The exquisite architectural lines of the fountain, representing a fine chalice held up by a giant sea-shell. owes its par- ticular charm to its harmonious and serene water play.

  • THE “ROMETTA ”From the “Bicchierone,” a cool avenue bordered by oaks and laurels turns off to the left and leads to the “Rometta  a fan- tastic recreation of
    La Rometta - Fontana - Tivoli car tour
    La Rometta fontana – Tivoli car tour

    some of the most important buildings in ancient Rome. The large platform, supported by an impressive foundation, offers a fine perspective. It was designed by Pirro Ligorio and perhaps also by Ippolito II himself, and built in 1570 by fountain-maker Luzio Mac- carone. It may have been used originally as a backdrop for a small open-air theater. It is reached by a small bridge that spans a curving canal, in the middle of which, along a course representing the Tiber, there is a scale model of the Tiberina Island in Rome in the shape of an ancient Roman boat. The island was the site of a hospital and the uncoiling serpent alludes to Aesculapius, the god of medicine. The canal is formed by the confluence of two streams, representing the Tiber and the Aniene respectively, which come from the rocky wall in the background; the former springs from a cavern housing a statue ofthe Tiber, While the latter falls in attrac-tive, frothy cascades from the base of the statue representing the Aniene. At the center of the Rometta is a statue of Victorious Rome, sculpted by Pietro Lamotte from a design by Ligorio, along with the She-wolf nursing the twins Romulus and Remus. Today little remains of the original models, due to the passage of time and the fact that part of the ensemble (including the Colosseum, Capitol Hill, Pantheon and the Arch of Titus) was demolished. Nonetheless, the Rometta is still an expression of pure beauty as water gushes forth everywhere: in the air, on the ground, in the light and in the shadows. Flowing glasslike and transparent, boldly darting into the air, softly arching, merrily falling down, crossing and overtaking and melting into one another, then fading away iri- descently into the air, in a glittering halo of life, light and celebration.

 

  • THE HUNDRED FOUNTAIN When first built, the Hundred Fountains must have been particularly impressive: marble gleaming, sculptures intact, waters
    The 100 fountains - Tivoli private tour
    Le cento fontante – Tivoli Car tour from Rome

    vigorous, inspiring in their sumptuousness, refinement and art. But no more – the marble is corroded and the trickling water reveals the patina of age. The Hundred Fountains border a long, straight path leading from the “Rometta” fountain (also known as the Fontana di Roma) to the Fontana dell’Ovato. The water falls into three long parallel channels arranged one above the other, forming one single water play. Allegorically, the thin spurts of water, fed by the hundred jets, represent the Aniene river which runs from Tivoli to Rome, where it flows into the Tiber. Hanging above the highest channel are sculptures of lilies, obelisks, boats and eagles, all the Cardinal’s beloved symbols: the lilies rep- resent unforgettable France, the boats St. Peter, and the obelisks unfulfilled papal power. The eagle belonged to the coat of arms of the d’Este family. The entire marble wall that separates the upper channel from the middle one was carved with episodes from Ovid’s Meta – morphoses. But what little remains of these carvings is hidden under a graceful mantle of verdant foliage. Pirro Ligorio designed the 100 meter-long path, and was responsible for the two orders of overlapping basins on the uphill side. Although the rest of the Villa is full of beautiful scenes, no other fountain matches the bewitching charm of the Hundred Fountains.

 

  • THE FOUNTAIN OF “OVATO”Coming from the Hundred Fountains and walking past the “Bollori” stairs and the Fontana dei Draghi (see below) to the left, the path leads to the Fountain of the Ovato, also known as the Fountain of Tivoli, built by Pirro Ligorio. The canal that brought the water of the Aniene river to the
    fontana dell ovato - Tivoli car excursion
    Fontana dell’Ovato – Tivoli car excursion from Rome with private guide and car

    Villa once flowed nearby. The fountain takes its name from its egg- like, oval shape, and it is perhaps the most typically baroque fountain in the Villa. The fountain appears Particularly elaborate, thanks to the profusion of rocks and ornamental boulders which Curzio Mac- carone showered upon it in order to convey the wild atmosphere of Mount Helicon. In execution, the intended “naturalistic” effect is actually rather bombastic. Nevertheless, the general appearance of the fountain is harmonious as well as impressive, and thus quite pleasing on the whole. The Pegasus (winged horse) atop the fountain is placed so well that it seems truly about to soar into the air. A good ways down the central axis is a simple statue of the Sibyl of Tibur (Sibin Albunea) holding the hand of her son Melicerte, symbolizing Tivoli. The statue is the work of the Flemish sculptor Giglio della Vellita. On either side are marble figures by Giovanni Malanca representing the Aniene and Herculanean rivers. The tall, rocky part of the fountain is bordered by a’half-moon terrace with a marble balustrade overhanging the mighty and crystal clear flow of water that drops down in a resonating dome. The basin below is lined by a semi-circle of pilasters which form of a nymphaeum. In the niches statues of nymphs hold vases from which water flows. This is the work of Giovan Battista della Porta, inspired by Pirro Ligorio. In the middle of the basin there is a large shell with open valves, originally in the basin of the nearby Hydraulic Organ. The colonnade of the nymphaeum is decorated with French lilies and d’Este family eagles depicted in mosaics (in poor condition). The parapet of the basin is lined with lively ceramics featuring details of the d’Este coat of arms. Opposite the fountain there are tables with Roman feet and two stucco statues in their own niches. Centuries old plane trees embellish the scene. Though perhaps not a perfect all-around work, the Fountain of the “0mm” is admirable for its general harmony and its profusion of ornamental motifs which often served as inspiration to numerous artists.

 

  • THE FOUNTAIN OF THE ORGAN
    fontana dell organo - tivoli tour
    Fontana dell’organo – Tivoli private tour

    A shady and attractive lane to the left leads to a clearing where stands the Fountain of the Organ, so named because it was once connected to a water-driven mechanism that imitated the sounds of an organ. The fountain consists of a large structure designed by Pirro Ligorio along baroque lines. A large oval basin at the base of the fountain is encircled by a lovely balustrade in mixed style. An apse opens at the center of the fanciful structure; four colossal rough-hewn Telarnones by Pirrin del Gagliardo support the sides of the mock arch; and above there are multi-col- ored stucco panels depicting mythological scenes with Orpheus, Marsius, Apollo and others. A profusion of ornamental motifs stretch – es across the facade, including abundant grotesque coats of arms, flowers, sirens, winged victories and sea-shells. Taken together, the stucco, rustic mosaic, scale, and fresco produce a sumptuous effect. The tympanum over the facade is inter- rupted at the center by the mighty eagle with its outstretched wings sitting atop the coat of arms of Cardinal Alessandro who continued the work of his uncle Ippolito at the Villa. . fountain is encircled by a lovely balustrade in mixed style. An apse opens at the center of the fanciful structure; four colossal rough-hewn Telarnones by Pirrin del Gagliardo support the sides of the mock arch; and above there are multi-col- ored stucco panels depicting mythological scenes with Orpheus, Marsius, Apollo and others. In the middle, beneath the apse, there is a delightful and beautifully proportioned Opening, designed by Bernini to house the Hydraulic Organ. Niches to either side contain mediocre ornamental statues. The floor of the apse juts out in front of the basin, forming a small terrace enclosed by a lovely balustrade of mixed style; on the sides, rows of cherubs cast their cool Jets. The Hydraulic Organ, for which the fountain was originally named. was the ingenuous creation of Claude Venard, and was once one of the wonders of the Villa. Water dropped through a conduit into an underground cavity, forcing a strong draft of air through the organ pipes. Another heavy jet of water slowly rotated a toothed copper cylinder mounted on an iron frame which moved the keys of the organ, playing madrigals and motets. The listeners found it difficult to believe that the music came from a simple hydraulic mechanism and not a band of hidden musicians. On the whole, this agreeable fountain’s lively beauty makes it worthy of its great fame as one of the marvels of the Villa.

  • THE FOUNTAIN OF THE DRAGONS The shady path to the right of the Fountain of the Ovato leads to the Fountain of the Dragons ( or the F ountain. of the
    Fontana del drago - Tivoli tour
    Fontana del Drago – car tour around Rome

    Girandola), the dominant motif at the very heart of the Villa’s garden. This is a fascinating fountain, at the center of which is a group of four horrid dragons “with wings and open mouths of the kind that frighten those who look upon them,” executed, according to legend, in just one night in September

 

Tivoli day tour – Rusrim car tour

Tivoli car tour from Rome

ROMA

ROMA Private car tours
ROME PRIVATE TOURS

Day tours in Italy with driver guide Lazio Rome – Tuscany Florence Pisa – Veneto Venice – Trentino – Bologna

ROME and AROUND ROME PRIVATE TOURS

Individual tours with private guide of Rome, Vatican, Tivoli, Roman Castles, Florence and Siena and other central Italy towns with driver guide

Car excursions with private guide in:
Reservation and contacts- Tivoli driver guide
+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

 

Roman castles private car tour

+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

Castelli Romani private tour

Rome wine day tour with local private guide

Individual excursion 6/h to 8/h, max 10 pax – 6 pax Еур 60/h (from 1- to 6 pax) 
Castelli Romani car tour VIDEO – Original music by Adel Karanov

Private tour around Rome with driver guide

genzano romanolago di nemiponte-ariccia

Roman lakes car tour from Rome with private guide

Our guides are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy.

Lakes of Rome private tour

 Tours around Rome with local guide

  • The two Roman lakes 30 km south of Rome

Along the trail that today retraces the ancient Sacred Way that connected the Appian Way to Monte Cavo, there is a place commonly known as the tocchialones: It is a natural terrace leaning towards the south and the only point of the Castelli Romani where it is possible to admire Lake Albano and Lake –  excursions around Rome by Rusrim.com

Nemi at the same time. From here, the waters reflecting the sun within the surrounding circular brim of the ancient volcanic craters, remind us of a large pair of spectacles.

Castelli Romani individual private tour – video

  • Lake Albano Laziale – Private car tour around Rome

albano lagoIt is also called the Lake of Castel Gandolfo as the waters reflect the town where the Papal residence is located. With a depth of 170 metres, it holds the record for Italian volcanic lakes and is a destination for water sports lovers with particular interest to rowing, sailing and diving. Along the perimeter of the low banks, approximately 10 kilometres, you can often find roadrunners training.

It is not only for sport that Lake Albano is frequented. Its charming landscape, rich vegetation and archaeological and historical-artistic evidence make it a pleasant and interesting spot for relaxation and educational walks.

A new boat service introduced by the Regional Natural Park of the Castelli Romani will take visitors to sail along the so-called Sentiero dellAcqua, letting them approach in a new, easy and involving way the environmental and historical-archaeological themes of Lake Albano. Further information is available on the Internet website of the Regional Natural Park of the Castelli Romani

Like all lake basins of volcanic origin, Lake Albano has no tributary and is supplied only by rainwater and some

underlying springs. In 397 BC, the Romans carried out an enormous hydraulic engineering enterprise: an artificial emissary, which allowed the waters of the Lake to reach the sea in order to control the level. Further visible evidence of Roman Age are the Doric Nymphaeum and the Bergantino Nymphaeum.

From the Medieval Age you can see the Convento di Palazzolo and a few remains belonging to the Romitorio di S. Angelo.

Musica dei Castelli Romani

 

  • Lake Nemi – Private car tour around Rome

nemi private tour rusrimIt is the smallest of the two Castelli Romani lakes and in ancient times was also called Specchio di Diana (“Diana’s Mirror”) because of the Sacred Woods and the Temple-Sanctuary of Diana Nemorensis (p.10), the Goddess of Woods, situated along the banks.

Lake Nemi was appreciated as an entertainment and holiday location of by the ancient Romans. Emperor Caligula organized enormous celebrations in honour of Diana on his two famous ships, which were anchored in the centre of this small volcanic lake. The remains of the ships can be seen today at the Museum of Roman Ships (p.11) located on the banks of the same lake.

Today, a large part of the banks of the lake is taken up by cultivations of tasty good quality strawberries for which the attractive medieval town of Nemi has become renown.

According to the Goletta dei Laghi report in 2009, it is considered possible to bath in the lake in its complete form, except for the area in front of the Museum of Roman Ships.

 

  • Castel Gandolfo – Private tour around Rome

Romantic  view from Paganelli restaurant 200 years of history

паганелли ресторант - кастел гандолфо - гид в римEnchanting for the simple elegance of the historical centre, for the blue waters reflecting the town and it is worldwide famous as the Pope’s summer residence

In a splendid position overlooking Lake Albano, Castle Gandolfo is situated on the brink of a volcanic crater. The town is known for the beauty of the surrounding nature and its elegant historical centre encircled by the wall. It has been elected one of the most beautiful villages in Italy. Above all, the small town is famous for the Papal Palace where Popes have spent their summers since the 176 century. After all, Castel Gandolfo and neighbouring towns were favourite places to build summer residences as far back as ancient Roman times, initially by patrician families and emperors and later by important clergy and noble Romans. Evidence of ancient Roman times are the remains of the Villa di Domiziano (Domitian’s Villa) to which the Ninfeo Bergantino belongs. The villas and other residences surviving today such as the Chiesa di San Tommaso di Villanova (Church of St. Thomas of Villanova) were mostly built as of the 17th century when Castel Gandolfo became property of the the Holy See. Its history is very ancient as its origins go back to the town of Alba Longa.

CASTEL GANDOLFO – VATICAN TERRITORY – PRIVATE TOUR

The summer Pope-s residence in Castelli Romani

castel gandolfo private tour

Roman Castles – Castelli Romani tour – Rusrim VIDEO with original music by Adel Karanov

Nemi – Private car tour around Rome

Nemi private tourLying deep in the sacred woods that once were dedicated to Diana Nemorensis (also known as Diana of Nemi), is a charming medieval borgo well known nowadays for the delicious strawberries Gently resting along the border of the crater and surrounded by woods, Nemi overlooks the small volcanic lake bearing the same name. The charm of this small town of ancient origins and medieval aspect with its towers reflecting on the blue water of the lake surrounded by rushes and strawberry greenhouses, has seduced poets and painters and still enchants the many tourists visiting today. The history of Nemi is ancient and important. Because of the Tempio di Diana Nemorense (Temple of Diana Nemorensis), which was situated here, the area was already considered sacred by the Latin League. Later, it was also favoured by the Romans and Caligula, who decided to keep his two big ships used as banquet halls, anchored here. What is left of the vessels is conserved in the interesting Museo delle Navi Romane (Museum of the Roman Ships).

Museum of the Roman Ships – Private tours Roman Castles

Museum of the Roman Ships

Strawberry  speciality in Nemi – Culinary tour from Rome

strawberry in the roman casles

Nemi – Castelli Romani romantic tour from Rome

romantic tour around rome

The Roman Castles – Castelli Romani – Private wine tour from Rome

The hills of Castelli Romani, guardians of the Urbe Alba Longa, Tusculum and the origins of Rome

The origins of this part of the world are lost in myth, so much so that Cicero called these hills the ‘uterus of Rome’. The Castelli Romani area had a central rote in several events connected to the Eternal City: in fact it was here that Alba Longa was located. Legend has it that it was founded by Ascanius, son of Aeneas and was the capital of the famous Latium or Latin Civilisation. In the Tri century B.C.. Alba Longa was definitively conquered by Rome, after the legendary battle between the Horatii and the Curatii, and with it the whole Castelli Romani territory fell under the influence of the growing Roman civilisation. The area has always appealed to Rome’s affluent families and is full of the remains of villas and residences which belonged to noteworthy figures such as Marcus Tullius Cicero. Seneca, Domitian and Caius Julius Caesar, on the ruins of which stand entire villages. Among the most famous ancient towns in this area, the city of Tusculum cannot be forgotten. According to legend, it was founded by Telegonus, son of Homer’s mythical hero Ulysses. Located on the volcanic ridge of Mount Tuscola, the small city played a main role in the famous battle of Lake Regillo, where the Latiums were beaten by the Romans who had help from the Dioscuri Castor and Pollux themselves, or so legend has it. It yielded definitively when the Romans destroyed the city and razed it to the ground in 1191 for sheltering Frederick Barbarossa who was fighting the Romans at the time. The area where it once stood, where today lie the municipalities of Monte Compatri, Frascati, Grottaferrata and Monte Porzio Catone, was partially for grazing and partially woodland.

Villa Grazioli - Grottaferrata

From Castles to sumptuous Villas The name ‘Castelli Romani’ indicates an area that includes a group of neighbouring municipalities to the south of Rome. The origin of this name dates back to the 14m century when, after the difficult period of the so-called Avignon Papacy, the process known as ‘encastellation’ began: some residents of Rome moved to the feudal castles owned by some rich Roman families in this area.

1500s, when a period of peace began that would last two centuries and allow the urban, architectural and artistic/cultural development of the zone. The architects of this long stretch of prosperity were the powerful families who owned feuds here, such as the Colonnas, the Chigis, the Sforzas and the Borgheses. It was during this period that the appearance of the Castelli Romani area was further embellished with the construction of numerous monumental buildings: from majestic Tuscolan villas such as Villa Nlondranone. Villa Falconien. Villa Rufinella, Villa Grazioli and Villa Aldobrandini to the Pope’s summer residence in Castel Gandolfo.

villa grazioli Grottaferrata

The eastern Romani area today In 1870. having been the focus of the most powerful Roman families and Popes for centuries, the Alban Hills area was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy and a series of infrastructural works was begun which improved rail and road connections and made the area a popular destination for travellers from all over Europe. The Second World War was a particularly painful time for the Castelli municipalities which were at the centre of Anglo-American bombardment. Despite this. the economy in the Castelli Romani area recovered immediately after the conflict, especially in the agricultural sector, and has remained healthy to this day.

Culinary tours from Rome to Castelli Romani

Traditional Dishes in the Roman Castles

Touring the fraschette is an activity to which you should devote yourselves assiduously. The fraschetta is a typical inn of the Castelli Romani area, with ancient origins connected to the move of carters from the countryside to Rome and the places where they stopped for refreshment. Today most of the fraschette offer traditional Castelli Romani cuisine, while some maintain the tradition of selling only wine to their customers who bring their own food. Try the Lane Pelose in Monti Prenestini.

la-fraschetta-di-monte

This translates as Hairy Sheep which explains its humble origins among the shepherds. Just as balls of wool were pulled off the sheep to be processed, so the women pulled off pieces of dough to then roll them into strips. Today they keep the same name but the preparation technique has evolved: whole-wheat flour and water are used for the dough which is then rolled out and cut (roughly) into rough strips with the help of a knife, without too much concern for precision. They are served with many different condiments: porcini mushrooms, geld sauce or salted cod. The traditional first course in Castelli is fettuccine, which are prepared here with both wheat flour and chestnut flour (more rustic and aromatic) and served with a meat sauce or porcini mushrooms. Or, if you prefer, try the Gnocchetti a ‘coda di soreca’ (mouse tail gnocchi) a very simple pasta made from flour, water and a pinch of salt and made into an original shape that recalls a mouse tail. These are made by hand and are the

pasta tour in the roman castles

same diameter as a chunky bucatino pasta with a tapered tip. Typical of Prenestine cuisine, these are served with meat sauce, Iamb ragu and artichokes, You will also eat these gnocchetti from the typical ‘scifette’, rectangular containers made from wood: a real blast from the past. Speaking of fresh pasta, another typical dish from Castelli Romani and the municipality of Colonna in particular is pincinelle: a long round pasta. approximately 3 millimetres wide, made with a dough of flour, water and salt. Every menu also contains the local dishes that are now famous all over the world: delicious carbonara made with guanciale, egg, pepper and pecorino romano cheese; cacio e pepe whose ingredients are in the name (cacio e pepe means means pecorino romano cheese and pepper); amatriciana made with guanciale, tomato and pecorino romano cheese and gricia, similar to the amatriciana but without tomato.

The second courses are often made with lamb or abbacchio as it is known here. In Roman dialect, this means milk-lamb, which has always been a dominant feature in the culinary tradition of Castelli Romani. The Abbacchio Romano, born and raised wild or semi-wild within the borders of Lazio is also PGI protected and has a ,r and le n mea •, It is ised in meat is seasoned with garlic, rosemary, salt and pepper to make roasted abbacchio which is served with potatoes. To make abbacchio ‘alla cacciatora’ it is slow-cooked in a casserole dish or pan and flavoured with anchovies, olives and tomatoes depending on the recipe. Abbacchio ribs are eaten ‘scottadito’ style – cooked on the grill or barbecue and served immediately (the name translates as finger-burners) or breaded and fried. An ancient dish is the legendary Tordo matto di Zagarolo, rolled horsemeat with crushed lard. parsley, garlic, sage, coriander, chili and salt which is cooked in the embers, roasted or pan-cooked with local red wine. Tordo matto is made by the butchers of Zagarolo and it can also be found in some restaurants in Monti Prenestini. Other meat dishes, such as rabbit ‘alla cacciatora’ (with garlic, rosemary and vinegar) and humble sides that use the intestines or less noble parts of the animal such as pork tripe ‘alla romana’ with tomato sauce, mint and pecorino or beans with pork rind and iamb giblets. You must of course try the saltimbocca ‘alla romana’: a slice of veal pierced with a toothpick which holds a leaf of sage and a slice of prosciutto crudo, seared in oil and white wine.

Cacio e pepe pasta – Roman dishes 

pasta-cacio-pepe

In Castelli, the reinvigorating polenta accompanies boar but there is also a vegetarian version with mushrooms. broccoli and chickpeas. Not only vegetarians but also fans of the ‘sides’ menu or anybody bored of potatoes, grilled vegetables and

BIO products from the Roman Castles – Vegetables

vegetarian tour in italy

mixed salads which abound on Italian menus, will be pleased to know that sides are a serious business in Castelli Romani. This is the land of ripassate vegetables where the vegetables are tossed in a pan with oil and garlic, occasionally some chili, and potato and ramoracci (a flavoursome wild herb) frittatas. Then there is the chicory, puntarelle, artichokes, asparagus and broccoli; all with that slightly bitter taste and crunchy consistency that make them exceptional accompaniments to the hearty second courses in typical Castelli cuisine.

King of sides is of course Artichoke ‘ells romana’, which is simmered in water and seasoned with garlic, mint and parsley, or perhaps oanzane.11a made with yesterdays soaked bread, fresh tomato and oregano You might never have tried it before but it is definitely worth a taste. The name is Scottone and it’s a cheese that is served… hot! You need to climb up to Rocca Priora to try it, because this is where Scottone is still produced to this day. It is a semi-liquid cheese, similar to ricotta, obtained after boiling sheep’s milk twice. The name (burner) reminds us that it should be served while it is still very hot in an earthenware bowl.

  • Typical and Biodiverse Products in the Roman castles

Wine tour around Rome with local private guide

wine tour italyThe words ‘Castelli Romani’ immediately conjure up a getaway. You get a longing for the kind of artisanal food products that made this land so perfect for gastronomic escapism Castelli Romani was made famous by history, cinema, literature and songs. It has widespread popularity ,and offers a simple welcome and a joyful atmosphere, as if it were always Sunday here, always a trip away, always a discovery. And Frascati DOCG is the life of the party. With its straw colour and delicate aroma, it is an excellent aperitif but also a faithful companion to all the best Roman cuisine. It is the most famous wine from Castelli and is produced in various types: Frascati Doc normaie (dry) or Spumante Frascati Superiore DOCG. Cannellino di Frascati DOCG (sweet wine from late harvest). All these are made with the Malvasia del Lazio or Puntinata, Malvasia di Candice Trebbiano Bellone and Bombino grapes. Frascati DOCG wines are a gastronomical triumph of the Castelli Romani area and are also made organically in some vineyards. In line with the wine tradition in Castelli Romani, the master gelato-maker Roberto Troiani has created a line of gelato with Castelli wines.

Local BIO product made in the Castelli Romani – Rusrim.com Culinary private tour from Rome

italian food - private car tours in Rome

Using the local must, he has created delicious ice-creams that are perfect for enjoying on a stroll or in original combinations with food. The wine ice-creams are creamy, sweet and flavoursome, characterised by an acidic note that is balanced by the scent and rich and consistent flavours of he wine. There is a flavour for everyone: Cannellino (cream, Cannellino, cinnamon and almond): Crema al Passito (Malvasia passita, cream and cinnamon); Frascati Superiore (Frascati DOCG, cream and green apple) and many more.

coppiette castelli romani rusrim wine tourAmong the local gastronomic specialities, the Castelli Romann norcinerias play a fundamental role: the Coppiette are spiced strips of dried pork. The manufacture process stars with the selection of the best cuts of meat which are then cut into strips and seasoned with salt, fennel seeds. chili, wine and various spices depending on the butcher’s recipe. Once seasoned, the strips are hung to dry and folded in half, hence the name coppietta (little couple). The coppietta should be bitten into with no hesitation or concern for etiquette, just like the old inn customers used to do who. stimulated by salt and spices, would then drink copious amounts of wine. In distant times, the coppietta was the inseparable companion of shepherds and legionary soldiers as it would keen for a long time in their saddlebags. Today it is eaten before, during and after meals, in the restaurant or as street food. It is a treat that is difficult to resist.

porchetta aricciaPorchetta is also an important part of the butcher tradition. It is made with boned pork, seasoned with aromatic herbs and then cooked in the oven or, as would be more traditional, over a wood fire. It is without a doubt the most popular dish in the fraschette, but also in restaurants in Frascati and all CasteIli Romani. Fans of cheese will not be disappointed by the Monti Prenestini, These lands re suited to pastoralism and offer a great variety of cheeses made with cow, sheep and goat milk. From ricotta to varyingly seasoned cheeses, that can be bought and tasted directly from the producer Cheeses and cold cuts go excellently with bread and there is an excellent local loaf made over a wood fire in Carchitti, a hamlet of Palestrina or the ‘Fascina’ loaf made in Rocca di Papa. They say that tradition is a successful invention. Hour, sugar and egg combine to make a formidable piece of culinary art: the Giglietto di Paiestrina. This delicious flaky biscuit requires rare manual skill so very few families continue the tradition and the Giglietti can only be bought in a few bakeries in Palestrina and Castel San Pietro Romano. The history of the Giolietto began in France do 1600 and is still celebrated today at the ‘Sagra del Giglietto e delle ghiottonerie dei Monti Prenestini’ (Monti Prenestini Feast of Giglietto and Gluttony) held in the first week of August. The Giglietto di Palestrina was Slow Food certified in 2014. If you still have not had enough of desserts and surprises, make haste to Rocca di Papa, perhaps with your sweetheart in tow. That’s right, weddings are celebrated with donuts in Rocca di Papa. The Ciambella degli Sposi di Rocca di Papa (Bride and Groom Donut from Rocca di Papa) recognised as a typical and traditional product, is connected to the wedding ceremony and used as an edible favour. Tradition has it that a specific number must be given dependino on your relation to the couple: 24 to your confirmation sponsors, 18 to your godparents, 12 for grandparents, uncles and aunts, 6 for friends and neighbours. Round with a hole in the middle. Ciambella degli Sposi di Rocca di Dois is made with simple ingredients sugar, egg, liquor, lemon zest. extra v rio.b b oi’ and yeast. It is then decorated .7 ii..,..:Hcoloured sugar sprinkles. The good news is that you don’t have to get married to try one: the Rocca di Papa bakeries make plenty during the orange flower season and for the feast of the Ciambella degli Sposi di Rocca di Papa which is held on the last Sunday of September. It is said that they are auspicious for a life full of joy. And donuts apparently. which isn’t half bad. Do you feel that air of fun, irreverence and exuberance? That is the typical Castelli breeze! It is time to try the Pupazza Frascatana. an imaginative and playful biscuit that looks like a woman with three nipples and is made with flour, honey and orange scent. It was created almost as a joke in the Sixties and became a typical product of the Frascati area. But why three nipples you cry. The answer is very simple: two for milk and one for wine. Castelli wine of course! The fact that wine is just as much a part of the local tapestry as traditional recipes is quite clear when you try the Wine Donuts. They are simple farm desserts to finish off a meal. The recipe uses basic ingredients such as flour. egg, sugar, lemon zest, extra virgin olive oil, vanilla, salt and Castelli white wine. Strips are made from the dough and then joined to create the typical round form and cooked in the oven. Aromatic and crunchy, these donuts are irresistible and it is quite impossible to stop eating them. The Wine Donuts are perhaps the most famous baked product of Castelli Romani but certainly not the only one: do not forget the Serpette, flaky biscuits with a winding form that looks like a snake, or the piangiallo made with honey and dried and candied fruit If you are planning an autumn trip, the main feature of your explorations in the Monti Prenestini will be the chestnut. In the Capranica Prenestina and Rocca di Cave regions, hundreds of hectares are devoted to chestnut groves. It is here that the Mosciarella di Capranica Prenestina

Car tours from Rome to the  Roman castles – Castelli Romani wine tour

Small group tours in minivans ensuring the highest level of comfort. Our vehicles are fully equipped with all the options required for long trips, including air conditioning. An English speaking driver will be at your disposal for the whole day and will arrange the most satisfactory tour with you.

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Private tour Florence and Siena from Rome with driver guide

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Florence – Siena  -Pisa – Monteriggioni – San Gimignano – Tuscany private day tours from Rome or other towns with local driver guide

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Exclusive private and individual car excursion in Florence, Siena and Chianti (Tuscany) with private guide – departure: Rome and other central Italy towns

Our guides in Tuscany are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy.

Private tour in Florence and Siena from Rome: Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax – car with private english guide – Tuscany private and individual car tour from Rome

ponte vecchio firenzefirenze s maria del fiorePiazza del campo Siena

Monuments in Florence – original video music

Magic Florence – Atmo soft electronic music by Adel Karanov

Santa Croce –  Video by Adel Karanov private guide in Florence

Music made with Csouns – CuBase multitrack – Atmosphere VST instrumens and wave design programs.

Day private tour of Florence and Siena from Rome with private guide and driver or driver guide
Private tours from Rome of main squares, fountains, churches and museums of  Florence, Siena, Assisi and others, selected for you. The tour includes short walks on foot for visits of monuments and stops for taking pictures and a lunch or a coffee break. The sequence of monuments and their choice will display a historical and artistic evolution of the Eternal City and Florence As well as a perfect overview of ​​the different types of styles in the arts of architecture and sculpture and painting. Many monuments, private art collections, entrances to palaces are offered exclusively by RUSRIM. tour guides.
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Florence, Siena and Chianti car tour from Rome with guide and car

  • FLORENCE – FIRENZE PRIVATE TOUR

Florence from Rome car tour  – with private  guide – individual and small groups excursion in english

In the 19 century Florence has been celebrated as the most beautiful city in Italy. For most people Florence cames close to living up to the myth only in its first, resoundin impressions.

The pinnacle of Brunelleschi’s stupendous dome is visible over the rooftops the moment you step out of the central square, and when you reach the Piazza del Duomo the close up view is even more breathtaking, with the multicolored duomo with the marble clad baptistery. Wander from there down towards the river Arno and the attracion still hold beyond the Piazza della Signoria, site of the immense Palazzo Vecchio, the water is spanned by the shopladen medieval Ponte Vecchio, with georgeous San Minato al Monte glistening on the hill behind it.

Florence - Flag
Florence flag – Il giglio

The fact is, the best Florence is to be seen indoors. Under the rule of the Medici family – the greatest patrons of Renissance Europe – Florence’s artist and thinkers were instigators of the shift from the medieval to the modern world view, and the churches, galleries and museums of this city are the places to get to grips with what they achieved. The development of the Renaissance can be plotted stage in the vast picture collection of the Uffizi, and charted in the sculpture of the Bargello, the Museo dell’Opera del Duomo and the church of Orsanmichele. Equally revelatory are the fabulous decorated chapels of Santa Croce and Santa Maria Novella, forerunners of such astonishing creation as Masaccio’s restored frescos at Santa Maria del carmine. Fra’ Angelico’s serene paintings in the monk’s cells at San Marco and Andrea del Sarto’s work at Santissima Annunziata.

Renaissance Florence
Renaissance – La città ideale – Rinascimento italiano

Florence is famous for its history: a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time. It is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been called “the Athens of the Middle Ages. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982. The city is noted for its culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments. Due to Florence’s artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.

Fra Angelico and Piero della Francesca – Uffizi private tour

Original video and music by Adel Karanov private guide in Florence

  • Fashion arts in Florence

salvatore ferragamo roma shoppingSalvatore Ferragamo in Florence

Salvatore Ferragamo (5 June 1898 – 7 August 1960) was an Italian shoe designer. He worked with many Hollywood stars in the 1920s, before returning to Italy to found the eponymous company making unique handmade footwear. His scientific and creative approach to shoes spawned many innovations such as the wedge heel and cage heel. Film stars and celebrities continue to patronize his company, which has evolved into a luxury goods empire spanning the world.

QFR 1000
Gucci Mariapia and the composer Adel Karanov 2015 Florence local guide

By the year 1300 Florence had become a center of textile production in Europe. Many of the rich families in Renaissance Florence were major purchasers of locally produced fine clothing, and the specialists of fashion in the economy and culture of Florence during that period is often underestimated. Florence is regarded by some as the birthplace and earliest center of the modern (post World War Two) fashion industry in Italy. The Florentine “soirées” of the early 1950s organized by Giovanni Battista Giorgini were events where several now-famous Italian designers participated in group shows and first garnered international attention. Florence has served as the home of the Italian fashion company Salvatore Ferragamo since 1928. Gucci, Roberto Cavalli, and Emilio Pucci are also headquartered in Florence.

Gucci indy Bag – Original Soft electronic Atmospheric music by Adel Karanov official composer for Gucci 2006
Moda Italia Firenze – Florence – Italian Fashion video

  • Florence Cathedral – Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore – Firenze

    Private tour of Florence from Rome in english

Panoramic view from Piazzale Michelangelo in Florence - Italy
Santa Maria del Fiore – Panoramic view from Piazzale Michelangelo in Florence – Italy

The cathedral complex, located in Piazza del Duomo, includes the Baptistery and Giotto’s Campanile. These three buildings are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site covering the historic centre of Florence and are a major attraction to tourists visiting Tuscany. The basilica is one of Italy’s largest churches, and until development of new structural materials in the modern era, the dome was the largest in the world. It remains the largest brick dome ever constructed. The cathedral is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Florence, whose archbishop is currently Giuseppe Betori. Guide in Florence – Private tour Florence from Rome

  • Ponte Vecchio – Florence

Private tour of Florence from Rome in english with driver guide

firenze_pontevecchio
Ponte vecchio – Florence – Tuscany

Pontevecchio is a Medieval stone closed-spandrel segmental arch bridge over the Arno River, in Florence.
Built in the 1345 to replace an ancient wooden bridge, the Ponte Vecchio has always been loaded with shops like those now propped over the water, but the plethora od jewellers dates from 1593 when Ferdinando I evicted the butchers- stalls then in occupation. Florence had long revered the art of the goldsmith, and several of its artists were skilled in the craft: Ghiberti, Donatello, and Cellini. Guide in Florence – Car tour Florence from Rome

  • Fountain of Neptune – Piazza della Signoria – Florence

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Piazza della Signoria - Florence car tours
Fountain of Neptune – Florence

This work by Bartolomeo Ammannati (1563–1565) and some assistants, such as Giambologna, was commissioned on the occasion of the wedding of Francesco I de’ Medici with Johanna of Austria in 1565. The assignment had first been given to Baccio Bandinelli, who designed the model but he died before he could start working on the block of Apuan marble.

The Neptune figure, whose face resembles that of Cosimo I de’ Medici, was meant to be an allusion to the dominion of the Florentines over the sea. The figure stands on a high pedestal in the middle of an octagonal fountain. The pedestal is decorated with the mythical figures of Scylla and Charybdis. The statue of Neptune is a copy made in the nineteenth century, while the original is in the National Museum. Guide in Florence – Private tour Florence from Rome

  • Palazzo Pitti – Florence

Private tour of Florence from Rome and other towns with driver guide

Palazzo Pitti - Florence tour
Pitti Palace – Florence

The palace was bought by the Medici family in 1549 and became the chief residence of the ruling families of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. It grew as a great treasure house as later generations amassed paintings, plates, jewelry and luxurious possessions.

In the late 18th century, the palazzo was used as a power base by Napoleon, and later served for a brief period as the principal royal palace of the newly united Italy. The palace and its contents were donated to the Italian people by King Victor Emmanuel III in 1919. Guide in Florence – Car tour Florence from Rome

The palazzo is now the largest museum complex in Florence. The principal palazzo block, often in a building of this design known as the corps de logis, is 32,000 square metres. It is divided into several principal galleries or museums detailed below.

Is a vast, mainly Renaissance, palace in Florence, Italy. It is situated on the south side of the River Arno, a short distance from the Ponte Vecchio. The core of the present palazzo dates from 1458 and was originally the town residence of Luca Pitti, an ambitious Florentine banker. Guide in Florence – Private tour Florence from Rome

  • David – Michelangelo

Private tour of Florence from Rome in english – Tuscany with driver guide

David-Michelangelo-Florence car-excursionThe statue represents the Biblical hero David, a favoured subject in the art of Florence. Originally commissioned as one of a series of statues of prophets to be positioned along the roofline of the east end of Florence Cathedral, the statue was placed instead in a public square, outside the Palazzo della Signoria, the seat of civic government in Florence, where it was unveiled on 8 September 1504.

Because of the nature of the hero it represented, the statue soon came to symbolize the defense of civil liberties embodied in the Republic of Florence, an independent city-state threatened on all sides by more powerful rival states and by the hegemony of the Medici family. Private guide in Florence – Car excursion Florence from Rome

Michelangelo David -MUSIC and  VIDEO by Adel Karanov private guide in Florence

  • I Prigioni di Michelangelo- Florence – Galleria dell’Accademia

Private tour of Tuscany from Rome in english

Prigioni - Michelangelo

  • San Minato al Monte – Florence

Private tour in Florence from Rome in english

San Minato al Monte - Florence car toursStanding atop one of the highest points in the city. It has been described as one of the finest Romanesque structures in Tuscany and one of the most scenic churches in Italy. There is an adjoining Olivetan monastery, seen to the right of the basilica when ascending the stairs. St. Miniato was an Armenian prince serving in the Roman army under Emperor Decius. He was denounced as a Christian after becoming a hermit and was brought before the Emperor who was camped outside the gates of Florence. The Emperor ordered him to be thrown to beasts in the Amphitheatre where a panther was called upon him but refused to devour him. Beheaded in the presence of the Emperor, he is alleged to have picked up his head, crossed the Arno and walked up the hill of Mons Fiorentinus to his hermitage. A shrine was later erected at this spot and there was a chapel there by the 8th century. Construction of the present church was begun in 1013 by Bishop Alibrando and it was endowed by the Emperor Henry II. Private guide in Florence – Car excursion Florence from Rome

  • San Minato al Monte – one of the most scenic churches in Italy

Arguably the finest Romanesque structure in Tuscany, San Minato is also the oldest surviving church building in Florence after the baptistery. It recently began to show sings of its age, though, and the authorities become so concerned about the dangers of subsidence that a project was initiated to shore up the downhillside of the church and the adjoining cemetery. Then in a depressing rerun of the Piazzadella Signoria fiasco, it was discovered thata degree of financial impropriety may have been involved in awarding the contract; work has now been suspended for an indefinite period.

 

 

 

 

 

FLORENCE PRIVATE TOUR – MUSIC VIDEO

VIDEO San Miniato al monte  Firenze – RusRim Tuscany private car tours

Original music by Adel Karanov – Tuscany day tour with driver guide

 

San Minato al Monte - Florence excursion
San Minato al monte – Firenze – Toscana

 

 

 

  • Loggia dei Lanzi – Florence

Private tour in Florence from Rome in english

Loggia dei Lanzi -Tuscany private toursThe Loggia dei Lanzi, also called the Loggia della Signoria, is a building on a corner of the Piazza della Signoria in Florence, Italy, adjoining the Uffizi Gallery.
It consists of wide arches open to the street. The arches rest on clustered pilasters with Corinthian capitals. The wide arches appealed so much to the Florentines, that Michelangelo even proposed that they should be continued all around the Piazza della Signoria.

Loggia dei Lanzi - Firenze - Tuscany private guideThe vivacious construction of the Loggia is in stark contrast with the severe architecture of the Palazzo Vecchio. It is effectively an open-air sculpture gallery of antique and Renaissance art.
The name Loggia dei Lanzi dates back to the reign of Grand Duke Cosimo I, when it was used to house his formidable landsknechts (In Italian: “Lanzichenecchi”, corrupted to Lanzi), or German mercenary pikemen.[1] After the construction of the Uffizi at the rear of the Loggia, the Loggia’s roof was modified by Bernardo Buontalenti and became a terrace from which the Medici princes could watch ceremonies in the piazza. Guide in Florence – Car excursion Florence from Rome

Uffizi Gallery private tour with art guide

Opening hours and tickets
From Tuesday to Sunday, 8:15 a.m.-6:50 p.m.
Closed: Mondays, January 1st, May 1st, December 25th.
The ticket office closes at 6:05 p.m.
Closing begins at 6:35 p.m.

Our art guides in Florence are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy.

Uffizi original VIDEO Rusrim music by Adel Karanov

Galleria Uffizi with english guide

Private tour in Florence from Rome in english

galleria-uffiziFlorence-s prime tourist atraction is housed in what was oce a government oddice block, built by Vasari for CosimoI in1560 on site then occupied by a church and some houses between the Palazzo Vecchio and the river. After Vasari-s deat, work on the elongated. U-shped building was continued by Buontalenti, who was asked by Francesco I to glaze the upper storey so that it could house his art collection. Each of the succeding Medici aded to the family-s trove of art treasures, adn the accumulated collection was preserved for public inspection by the last member of the family, Anna Maria Ludovica, whose will specified that it should be left to the people of Florence and never be alowed to leave the city.

Painters in the Uffizi Gallery – Florence
VIP Tuscany private tours by rusrim

Filippo Lippi, Botticelli, Piero and Antonio Pollaiuolo, Leonardo da Vinci, Mantegna, Michelangelo, Titian, Giotto, Cimabue, Domenico Veneziano, Parmigiano, Chardin, Rosso Fiorentino, Andrea del Sarto, Raphael, Rubens, Van Dyck, Vasari, Caravaggio, Rembrandt, Signorelli, Perugino

Annunciation – Leonardo da Vinci – Uffizi – Florence – Video
Original electronic music by Adel Karanov

Original Music Video Rusrim.com Tuscany private tours

Annunciazione di Leonardo Davinci

Annunciazione Leonardo
Leonardo da Vinci Annunciation, 98 × 217 cm. Private guide in Florence

Sandro Botticelli

Botticelli-La_Primavera_Florence_tour
Sandro Botticelli La Primavera, 203 × 314 cm. Private guide in Florence
Birth of Venus – Sandro Botticelli – Uffizi – Florence
Original electronic music by Adel Karanov

Original Music Video Rusrim.com Art tours in Tuscany

Birth_of_Venus-Sando_Botticelli_Florence_tour
Sandro Botticelli Birth of Venus, 173 × 279 cm. Private guide in Florence

Of august gold-wreathed and beautiful
    Aphrodite I shall sing to whose domain
    belong the battlements of all sea-loved
    Cyprus where, blown by the moist breath
    of Zephyros, she was carried over the
    waves of the resounding sea on soft foam.
    The gold-filleted Horae happily welcomed
    her and clothed her with heavenly raiment

Uffizi - Florence car tour
Piero della Francesca Dukes of Urbino, 47 × 66 cm. Private guide in Florence
Caravaggio_Medusa_Florence_tour
Caravaggio Medusa, Diameter 55 cm. Private guide in Florence
Firenze_Uffizi_Lucrezia_Panciatichi
Lucrezia Panciatichi – Uffizi – Private guide in Florence

Music in Florence

Teatro Comunale di Firenze – Florence Opera

Private tours with art guide in Florence

Opera was invented in Florence in the late 16th century

Florence became a musical centre during the Middle Ages and music and the performing arts remain an important part of its culture. During the Renaissance there were four kinds of musical patronage in the city with respect to both sacred and secular music: state, corporate, church, and private and it was here that the Florentine Camerata convened in the mid-16th century and experimented with setting tales of Greek mythology to music and staging the result—in other words, the first operas, setting the wheels in motion not just for the further development of the operatic form, but for later developments of separate “classical” forms such as the symphony.

Teatro Comunale di Firenze Opera Florence

  • TEMPO REALE – VILLA STROZZI – FLORENCE

The Florence electronic music research, production, and educational centre

Villa Strozzi - Florence car excursionr
Villa Strozzi – Florence – Tuscany car tours

Tempo Reale is an electronic music research, production, and educational centre, based in Villa Strozzi ( Strozzi family ) – Florence, Italy. It was founded by composer Luciano Berio, who served as the centre’s director from 1987 to 2000, and as honorary president until his death in 2003.[1] The centre has celebrated its 25-year anniversary in 2012

Villa Strozzi - Music Florence excursion

Notable collaborators with Luciano Berio

Giorgio Battistelli (Italian composer)
Henri Pousseur (Belgian composer)
David Moss (American composer and percussionist, founder an director of Institute for Living Voice in Antwerp)
Renzo Piano

Concert in villa Strozzi – Tour in Florence with art guide

Villa strozzi Florence music excursion
Concert in villa Strozzi – Florence art tour with private guide

 

  • Dante Alighieri house museum in Florence

Private tour in Florence from Rome in english

At via Dante Alighieri in the small piazza, you will see the Casa di Dante, marketed as the birthplace of the author of The Divine Comedy the fondation stone of the Italian litherature. The museum contains numerous editions of the Divina Commedia, including aposter printed with the whole text in minuscule type and copies of Botticelli’s illustrations to the poem.

dante3

From the Paradise – Divine Comedy

« Vid’io Fiorenza in sì fatto riposo,
che non avea cagione onde piangesse;
con queste genti vid’io glorioso
e giusto il popol suo tanto, che il giglio
non era ad asta mai posto a ritroso
né per division fatto vermiglio »
(Dante Alighieri, Divina Commedia, Paradiso, Canto XVI, 152.)

Dante Alighieri
Dante Alighieri – Florence – Tuscany private tours

 

FIESOLE – Romantic tour with private guide to the panoramicalplaces around Florence. VIDEO RusRim Music by Adel Karanov

SIENA

  • Siena car tour from Rome with private guide

Siena (Tuscany) is the perfect counterpoint to Florence. Self-contained and stillpartly rural behind its medieval, its attraction lies in its cityscape: a majestic Gothic whole that could be enjoyed without venturing into a single museum.
In its great scallop-shaped piazza, Il Campo, it has the lovelist of all Italian public squares; in its zebra-stiped duomo and the city whole construction, on three ridges, presents a succession of beautiful vistas over medieval cityscapes to the bubolic Tuscan contryside on all sides.
It is also a place of immediate charm: airy easy going and pedestranized. The most important moment of the year is the Palio, a breack horse race around the Campo, whose sheer excitement and unique importance to the life of the community is reason enough to plan your holiday around one of the two race dates – July 2 and August 16. The historic centre of Siena has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. It is one of the nation’s most visited tourist attractions, with over 163,000 international arrivals in 2008. Siena is famous for its cuisine, art, museums, medieval cityscape and the Palio, a horse race held twice a year.

Piazza del Campo - Siena tours
Piazza del Campo – Siena – Tuscany – Individual tour

Piazza del Campo

The Piazza del Campo, the shell-shaped town square, unfurls before the Palazzo Pubblico with its tall Torre del Mangia. This is part of the site for the Palio horse race. The Palazzo Pubblico – and the Sala della pace , itself a great work of architecture, houses yet another important art museum. Included within the museum is Ambrogio Lorenzetti’s frescoes depicting the Allegory and Effects of Good and Bad Government and also some of the finest frescoes of Simone Martini and Pietro Lorenzetti.

Sala della Pace Siena Video by Adel Karanov private guide

Palio di Siena a Piazza del Campo – Siena – Tuscany

Siena excursions with private guide

Palio di Siena private guide Palio Siena car excursion

The contrast with Florence are extended in Siena’s monumental and artistic high-lights. The city’s duomo and alazzo Pubblico are two of the purest buildings of Italian Gothic, and the finest of the city’s paintings – of with many are collected in the Palazzo’s Museo Civico and the separate Pinacoteca Nazionale – are in the same tradition. In its sculpture, Siena drew mainly on foreign artistsç the Florentines Donatello and Ghiberti worked on the front of the baptistery, while Michelangelo and Nicola and iovanni Pisano left their mark on the duomo.

  • Duomo di Siena – The Siena Cathedral

Siena duomoSiena Cathedral is a medieval church in Siena, Italy, dedicated from its earliest days as a Roman Catholic Marian church, and now dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta (Holy Mary, Our Lady of the Assumption).

The cathedral itself was originally designed and completed between 1215 and 1263 on the site of an earlier structure. It has the form of a Latin cross with a slightly projecting transept, a dome and a bell tower. The dome rises from a hexagonal base with supporting columns. The lantern atop the dome was added by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The nave is separated from the two aisles by semicircular arches. The exterior and interior are constructed of white and greenish-black marble in alternating stripes, with addition of red marble on the façade. Black and white are the symbolic colors of Siena, etiologically linked to black and white horses of the legendary city’s founders, Senius and Aschius.

siena duomo foto d arteThe exterior Despite all the grand abandoned plans, the duomo, as it stands, is a delight. Its style is an amazing conglomeration of Romanesque and Gothic, delineated by bands of black and white marble, an idea adapted from Pisa and Lucca — though here with much bold-er and more extravagant effect. The lower part of the facade was in fact designed by the Pisan sculptor Giovanni Pisan°, who from 1284 to 1296 created, with his workshop, much of its statuary — the philosophers, patriarchs and prophets, now removed to the cathedral museum and replaced by copies. In the next century the Campanile was added, its windows multiplying at each level, as was the Gothic rose window above the doors. Thereafter work came to a complete halt, with the mosaics designed for the gables having to wait until the nineteenth century, when money was found to employ Venetian artists. Immediately above the central door, note St Bernardino’s bronze monogram of Christ’s name.

  •  The Baptistery – Siena – Tuscany 

Baptistery of Siena toursThe cathedral chapter responsible for the baptistery font (1417-30) must have had a good sense of what was happening in Florence at the time, for they managed to cont• mission panels by Ghiberti (Baptism of Christ and John in Prison) and Donatello (Herod’s Feast), as well as by the local sculptor Jacopo della Quercia (The Angel Announcing the Baptist’s Birth). Jacopo also executed the marble tabernacle above, and the summit statue of John the Baptist and the five niche statues of the Prophets. Of the main panels, Donatello’s scene, in particular, is a superb piece of drama, with Herod and his cronies recoiling at the appearance of the Baptist’s head. Donatello was also responsible for two of the corner angels (Faith and Hope) and (with Giovanni di Turino) for the miniature angels on the tabernacle above. The lavishly frescoed walls almost overshadow the font, their nineteenth-century overpainting having been removed after a vigorous assault by the restorers. With your back to the entrance the best include (on the left arched vault lunette) a fresco of scenes from the life of St Anthony (1460) by Benvenuto di Giovanni, a pupil of Vecchietta; scenes from the life of Christ by Vecchietta himself (inside left wall of the central stepped chapel); and the same artist’s Prophets, Sibyls and Articles of the Creed (the main vaults), the last a repeat of a theme he would use in the Ospedale di Santa Maria della Scala.

  • Santa Caterina – Siena – Tuscany

Santa Caterina Siena Tuscany toursSt Catherine’s house St Catherine’s fatuity home, where she lived as a Dominican tertiary – of the order but not resident – is a short distance away to the south of San Domenico. Known as the Casa e Santuatio di Santa Caterina The building has been much adapted, with a Renaissance loggia and a series of oratories – one on the site of her cell. The paintings here are mostly unexceptional Baroque canvases but it is the life that is important: an extraordinary career that made her Italy’s patron saint and among the earliest women to be canonized. Born Caterina Benincasa, the daughter of a dyer, on March 25, 1347 – Annunciation Day – she had her rust visions aged five and took the veil at age eight (sixteen in some versions), against strong family opposition. She spent three years in silent contempla-tion, before experiencing a mystical “Night Obscure”. Thereafter she went out into the turbulent, post-Black Death city, devoting herself to the poor and Monte dei Paschi di Siena Between the two monastic churches lies the heart of business Siena, the Piema Salimbeni, whose three interlocking palazzi have formed, since the fifteenth century

Monteriggioni 3D VIDEO –  Tuscany private tour –  music by Adel Karanov private guide

Chianti – Tuscany excursion

  • Chianti car tour from Rome with private guide

Ask a sample of northern Europeans to define their idea of paradise and the odds are that several will come up with something that sounds much like Chianti.

chainti excursions from rome
The territory of vineyards and hill-towns that stretches between Florence and Siena. Eyery aspect of life in Chianti seems in perfect balance: the landscape is the sort of terrain beloved of painters evoking the Golden Age: the climate for most of the year is balmy, and even in the pit of winter rarely too grim; and on top of all this there’s the wine. the one one Italian vintage that’s fanu’liar to just about everyone.

chianti tours in tuscanyThe British, and others from similarly ill-favoured zones. were long ago alerted to Chianti’s charms. and the rate of immigration has been so rapid since the 1960`s that the region is now popularly known as “Chiantishire” or “Surrey in the Sun” With up to a million visitors a year, tourism has overtaken wine to become the region`s most important cash crop, and has helped push property prices beyond the reach of the local population – thus altering the tone of certain parts irreparably. Tourist handouts might talk of the charm of Chianti’s medieval hamlets, but many of them are places

Chianti – Siena – Tuscany wine tour from Rome with private guide

chianti vino

Day tours  in Tuscany with driver guide Lazio Rome – Tuscany Florence Pisa – Veneto Venice – Trentino – Bologna

TUSCANY PRIVATE TOURS

ROME and AROUND ROME PRIVATE TOURS FROM FLORENCE

 

Rusrim.com tours in central Italy from Rome

Individual Rome private excursions with local guide

Rome Vatican Florence Siena Tivoli Roman Castles

Excursions with private guide in:
+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

 

PRIVATE TOUR CIVITAVECCHIA ROME

+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

Private day tour of Rome from Civitavecchia

Civitavecchia cruise port: private full-day tour of rome with a driver  Price for the tour NOT for person Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax – min 5h – Civitavecchia Rome Daily private tour

Tours of main squares, fountains, churches and museums of Rome selected for you. The tour includes short walks on foot for visits of monuments and stops for taking pictures and a lunch or a coffee break.The sequence of monuments and their choice will display a historical and artistic evolution of the Eternal City. As well as a perfect overview of ​​the different types of styles in the arts of architecture and sculpture and painting. Many monuments, private art collections, entrances to palaces are offered exclusively by RUSRIM. tour guides.

Rome cruise transfer day tours

 Civitavhecchia Rome with driver guide – from Civitavecchia – Rome – Tarquinia – Tivoli – Bracciano and Tuscany

Inside the guided tour experience you can choose to visit important archaeological areas like dungeons, catacombs, ancient walls, sacred places and secret areas accessible to limited number of people. The collection of Greek and Roman classical sculptures offering sculptures of emperors, athletes, mythological figures and ancient deities can be viewed in an exclusive way.

CIVITAVECCHIA ROME PRIVATE CAR TOUR with LOCAL GUIDE 

san pietro panoramicpanthonSan Pietro colonnata santa cecilia RomaTreviмост сант ангело рим

During the guided tour you can have a break for tasting of local food preferred by Roman elite. In summer the most popular organic ice cream shop in Rome is a place to drop in.

The rusrim official art guides in Italy , are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy.

Civitavecchia Rome Daily tour – car excursion VIDEO

RusRim.com tours Original music by Adel Karanov

We also offer a:

  • FLEXIBILE PROGRAMME
  • INSIDE TOURS OF MONUMENTS
  • SMALL GROUPS OF UP TO 6 PEOPLE
  • INDIVIDUAL CAR WITH A DRIVER
  • AN EXPERIENCED GUIDE

Civitavecchia to Rome and Vatican excursion : Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax + Guide and car

Rome monuments in the Civitavecchia car tour, with art guide min 5/h

Piazza Barberini, Palazzo del Quirinale, Fontana di Trevi, Colosseo, Piazza Esedra, Fontana delle Naiadi, Basilica Santa Maria degli angeli, Circus maximus, Avenitino hill, Basilica di Santa Sabina, The orange garden, Rome rose garden, Order of Malta, Pyramid of Cestius,Piazza Venezia, Campidoglio hill, Bocca della Verità, Temple of Portunus, Tempio di Ercole Vincitore, Janiculum Hill, Tempietto del Bramante, San Peter square and basilica San Pietro

 

Private tour – Civitavecchia to Rome and Vatican private guide with car

 ROME PRIVATE VIP TOUR from CIVITAVECCHIA with GUIDE and CAR or on request with only ENGLISH speaking DRIVER

 Rome private tour list of monuments

Rome and Vatican – car tour with private guide – english, french, bulgarian, russian, and ukrainian.

Piazza Barberini square – Fontana del Tritone or Triton Fountain (1642–3) sculpted by Bernini

Palazzo del Quirinale – Official residence of the President of the Italian Republic

Fontana di Trevi – The Trevi fountain 1629 designed by Italian architect Nicola The aqueduct served the hot Baths of Agrippa, and Rome, for over four hundred years. Salvi and completed by Pietro Bracci

Piazza della Repubblica  – Piazza Esedra
– Fontana delle Naiadi
– Basilica Santa Maria degli angeli e dei Martiri (part of the Terme di Diocleziano emperor) by Michelangelo Buonarroti

Santa Maria della Vittoria – Bernini in Rome VIDEO and music by Adel Karanov private guide

Santa Maria degli angeli

Colosseo – Anfiteatro Flavio – Amphitheatrum Flavium – it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology.

Colosseum – Anfiteatro Flavio ROMA 3D VIDEO and music by Adel Karanov- voice Eliana Tumminelli

Circus maximus- Circo Massimo – it was the first and largest stadium in ancient Rome and its later Empire

Avenitino hill – Colle Aventino
– Basilica di Santa Sabina and Porta lignea di Santa Sabina
– The orange garden – Parco degli aranci and the romantic view of Rome in Vatican direction
– Rome rose garden – Giardino delle rose – Over 1100 varieties of roses are grown there, many of them gifts from countries around the world.

– Order of Malta square – Sovrano militare ordine di Malta Roma – Piazza Cavalieri di Malta – Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) or Order of Malta is the modern Rome-based continuation of the medieval Knights Hospitaller.   The entity retains sovereignty under international law, including permanent observer status at the United Nations,  issuing its own passports, currency and postal stamps with the Maltese cross insignia.

Roman churches video – Individual excursion Rome Italy
Original music by Adel Karanov – Madrigale da suonare a 4 voci

Pyramid of Cestius – Piramide di Caio Cestio – ancient pyramid in Rome built about 18 BC–12 BC as a tomb for Gaius Cestius, a magistrate and member of one of the four great religious corporations in Rome, the Septemviri Epulonum. 

Best Italian ice cream shop and the old bar pasticceria

Piazza Venezia – Venezia square in ROME –  It takes its name from the Palazzo Venezia, built by the Venetian Cardinal, Pietro Barbo – later Pope Paul II , alongside the church of Saint Mark, the patron saint of Venice. The Palazzo Venezia served as the embassy of the Republic of Venice in Rome.

Colonna Traiana – Trajan’s Column – Roman triumphal column that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan’s victory in the Dacian Wars. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate. 

Colonna Aureliana VIDEO 3D Original music by Adel Karanov composer and private guide in Rome

Mercati di Traiano – Mercatus Traiani – Trajan’s Market was probably built in 100-110 AD by Apollodorus of Damascus.

Campidoglio hill – Piazza del Campidoglio and Michelangelo square- It was the citadel (equivalent of the ancient Greek acropolis) of the earliest Romans.

Foro Romano – Roman forum panoramic view

Theatre of Marcellus – Teatro marcello – Theatrum Marcelli – The theatre was 111 m in diameter and was the largest and most important theatre in Ancient Rome; it could originally hold between 11,000 and 20,000 spectators.

Piazza della Bocca della Verità – The square lies in the ancient area of the Forum Boarium, just in front of the Tiber Island; it takes its name from the Bocca della Verità. The fountain in front of the two temples, called Fountain of the Tritons, released by Carlo Bizzaccheri. Besides the church, dating back to the late Middle Ages, the square houses the Arcus Argentariorum, the Arch of Janus, the Temple of Hercules Victor and the Temple of Portunus, a deity related to the ancient river harbour.

– Temple of Portunus – Tempio di Portuno – Its Ionic order has been much admired, drawn and engraved and copied since the 16th century (see illustration, right).  The temple owes its state of preservation from its being converted to use as a church in 872 and rededicated to Santa Maria Egyziaca (Saint Mary of Egypt).

– Tempio di Ercole Vincitore – The Temple of Hercules Victor – Hercules the Winner or Hercules Olivarius – Dating from the later 2nd century BC By 1132 the temple had been converted to a church, known as Santo Stefano alle Carozze (St. Stephen ‘of the carriages).

– Fontana dei Tritoni – This fountain should be distinguished from the similarly named nearby Triton Fountain (Fontana del Tritone) by Bernini. The fountain was completed in 1715 by architect Carlo Francesco Bizzaccheri, during the works for the accommodation of the square in front of the basilica. 

Janiculum Hill – Colle del Gianicolo – Rome panoramic view

– Tempietto del Bramante – Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio – 1502 Temple of Bramante is considered one of the first great building of the high Reinassence.

– Fontana Paolina o Fontana dell’Acqua Paola – Il fontanone The big fountain – It was built in 1612 to mark the end of the Acqua Paola aqueduct, restored by Pope Paul V, and took its name from him. It was the first major fountain on the left bank of the River Tiber.

Città del Vaticano –  Vatican city private tour  – VIDEO

Original electronic music by Adel Karanov – RusRim.com

Vaticano – The Vatican
– San Peter square and basilica San Pietro The open space which lies before the basilica was redesigned by Gian Lorenzo Bernini from 1656 to 1667, under the direction of Pope Alexander VII.
The colossal Tuscan colonnades, four columns deep, frame the trapezoidal entrance to the basilica and the massive elliptical area which precedes it.
At the center of the ovato tondo stands an Egyptian obelisk of red granite, 25.5 metres tall, supported on bronze lions and surmounted by the Chigi arms in bronze, in all 41 metres to the cross on its top. The obelisk was originally erected at Heliopolis, Egypt, by an unknown pharaoh. During the Middle Ages, the gilt ball on top of the obelisk was believed to contain the ashes of Julius Caesar.

Leonardo Da Vinci VIDEO by Adel Karanov Rome private guide

Day tour of Rome and Vatican from Civitavecchia port, with english private guide 

ROMA

ROMA Private car tours
ROME PRIVATE TOURS

Day tours in Italy with driver guide Lazio Rome – Tuscany Florence Pisa – Veneto Venice – Trentino – Bologna

AROUND ROME PRIVATE TOURS FROM CIVITAVECCHIA

TUSCANY CAR PRIVATE TOURS FROM CIVITAVECCHIA

TOSCANA – ITALIA

1010_ITa

Ambient music by Adel Karanov composer and private guide in Italy

 

Private tours and excursions with local guide in Rome, Vatican, Tivoli, Roman Castles and other central Italy towns

Individual excursions with private guide from Civitavecchia in:
Contacts: Day tours of Italy with driver guide Lazio Rome – Tuscany Florence Pisa – Veneto Venice – Trentino – Bologna
+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

 

Private car tours of Rome and Vatican

+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

Private sightseeing tour of Rome and Vatican with local driver guide 

25 km tour with entrances included 
Private tour of Rome with Adel Karanov – Art guide & music composer

A one-day guided tour experience lasting minimum 3 hours or more BY CAR for groups of up to 5 people. Rome tours of main squares, fountains, churches and museums  selected for you. The private  tour of Rome and the Vatican city,  includes short walks on foot for visits of monuments and stops for taking pictures and a lunch or a coffee break. The sequence of monuments and their choice will display a historical and artistic evolution of the Eternal City.

Private car tour in Rome – english guide with car from Eur 50 for pax  Price for the tour of 6 pax Private tour 3H + 1 H free = 4H  or Total 200Eur for the tour in case of 4pax include guide, car and entrances

Rome – Tuscany Florence – Umbria – Veneto Venice – Trentino – Lombardia Milano with driver guide

ROMA – VIDEO – electronic music and sound design by Adel Karanov – VIDEO rusrim car tours in central Italy

As well as a perfect overview of ​​the different types of styles in the arts of architecture and sculpture and painting. Many monuments, private art collections, entrances to palaces are offered exclusively by RUSRIM. tour guides.

Private tours around Rome and Tuscany by Adel Karanov

Rome private tour  with driver guide

List of monuments

Piazza Barberini, Palazzo del Quirinale, Fontana di Trevi, Colosseo, Piazza Esedra, Fontana delle Naiadi, Basilica Santa Maria degli angeli, Circus maximus, Avenitino hill, Basilica di Santa Sabina, The orange garden, Rome rose garden, Order of Malta, Pyramid of Cestius,Piazza Venezia, Campidoglio hill, Bocca della Verità, Temple of Portunus, Tempio di Ercole Vincitore, Janiculum Hill, Tempietto del Bramante, San Peter square and basilica San Pietro

san pietro panoramicmuseo scultura romanaarco di constantino

Our art guides are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy. Rusrim private tours in Italy with driver guide

fontane-romc1c6

Inside the guided tour experience you can choose to visit important archaeological areas like dungeons, catacombs, ancient walls, sacred places and secret areas accessible to limited number of people. The collection of Greek and Roman classical sculptures offering sculptures of emperors, athletes, mythological figures and ancient deities can be viewed in an exclusive way.

During the guided tour you can have a break for tasting of local food preferred by Roman elite.

In summer the most popular organic ice cream shop in Rome is a place to drop in.

 Aria Italiana by Adel Karanov – Soprano Mila Pavlova
VIP TOUR ROME ITALIY Original music and video Rusrim.com

 

 Private tour of Rome and Vatican

 List of the monuments

Rome and Vatican – car tour with private guide with car in english, french, bulgarian, russian, and ukrainian
private tours of rome
Private tour of Rome
  1. Piazza Barberini square – Fontana del Tritone or Triton Fountain (1642–3) sculpted by Bernini – BARBERINI PALACE
  2. barberini square - rome private tourThe Barberini famiy private tour VIDEO by RusRim

  1. Palazzo del Quirinale – Official residence of the President of the Italian Republic 
  2. Fontana di Trevi – The Trevi fountain  a happy and successful marriage of classicism and baroque, was planned as an exhibition of the Acqua Vergine by Nicola Salvi under the patronage of Trevi fountain Rome private tour
    Clement XII. Pope Urban VIII Barberini had already instructed Gian Lorenzo Bernini to «transform» the piazza and the fountain. but the project was never carried out. Set along one side of Palazzo Poli, the Fountain, which was made by Nicola Salvi between 1732 and 1763, represents an original and imaginative fusion, in the Berninian Style, of architecture, sculpture and the natural elements which contribute to the Fountain’s unique character. The theme of the sculpture is the sea. The design is dominated by a charior in the form of a shell in which the great statue of Neptune by Pietro Bracci stands, flanked in the side niches by Health and Plenty, the works of Filippo Della Valle. The charior is pulled by marine horses. who are in turn preceded by tritons. The marine divinities are placed on rocks of irregular blocks of travertine. The fountain sprawls below the facade of the palazzo behind it, which is in rigidly classicising Style, based on the triumphal arch model, with further sculptures in niches as well as in the attic storey and an elegant balustrade. The surrounding houses crowd round the splendid monument, giving the impression of an amphitheatre, while the noise of the fountain’s water can be heard From the maze of surrounding streets up to the moment when the snow-white scene appears miraculously before the astonished eyes of the visitor.
  3.  – Piazza Esedra
    piazza della repubblica Roma - Private car tour of Rome
    Fontana delle Naiadi – Piazza della Repubblica Roma – Private car tour of Rome

    – Fontana delle Naiadi
    – Basilica Santa Maria degli angeli e dei Martiri (part of the Terme di Diocleziano emperor) by Michelangelo Buonarroti 

  4. Santa Maria degli angeli  
    basilica-santa-maria-degli-angeli-Rome private tour
    Basilica-Santa-Maria-degli-angeli- Rome car tour


  5. Colosseo –  Anfiteatro Flavio – Amphitheatrum Flavium
    Anfiteatro Flavio - Colosseo - Rome private tour
    Anfiteatro Flavio – Colosseo – Rome private tour

    From the moment it was built, the grandeur of the Flavian Amphitheatre has conditioned Rome’s urban landscape and it still dominates the ancient centre. Its arcaded surface was
    chosen as the theatrical background to the Via dei Fori lmperiali. It was the first amphitheatre to be built in Rome in the form of a monument. In the Republican age the gladiatorial games took place in the Roman Forum, where temporary wooden structures were provided for the occasion. Vespasian, the founder of the Flavian dynasty, emerged victorious from the civil war which followed Nero’s death in 69 AD. As part of a coherent political scheme, the new Emperor decided to dedicate the huge urban spaces and works of art appropriated by Nero to the public, for their enjoyment. The organisation of the internal seating was Strictly governed by the laws established by Augustus, through which spectators were seated according to their social class.

  1. In the Basilica of San Clemente, which was built at the beginning of the 12th century, the ancient paintings From the first early Christian basilica have survived and mosr of the apse and arch mosaics are intact. The main subject of the cycle of Frescoes dating back to the end of the 11th century. in the present lower church. is the celebration of the titular saint: the martyr Pope of the primitive church. Clemente. The episodes relating to the life of the saint are portrayed in the nave. The cycle also includes Stories From the other saints, including the legend of Saint Alessio.
  2. Circus maximus- Circo Massimo – it was the first and largest stadium in ancient Rome and its later Empire
  3. Avenitino hill – Colle AventinoAventino - Rome car tours
  4. Basilica di Santa Sabina and Porta lignea di Santa Sabina The orange garden – The Basilica of Santa Sabina is situated on the slopes of the Aventine. lts foundations, which document almost a thousand years of hisrory, testify to the lively building acrivity, which, in antiquity, had as its backdrop this hill which was then so rich in springs and vegetation.
  5. Parco degli aranci and the romantic view of Rome in Vatican directionOrange garden - Rome car tour
  6. Rome rose garden – Giardino delle rose – Over 1100 varieties of roses are grown there, many of them gifts from countries around the world.

    The rose garden Rome private tour
    The rose garden Rome private tour with driver guide
  7. Order of Malta square – Sovrano militare ordine di Malta Roma – Piazza Cavalieri di Malta – Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) or Order of Malta is the modern Rome-based continuation of the medieval Knights Hospitaller.   The entity retains sovereignty under international law, including permanent observer status at the United Nations,  issuing its own passports, currency and postal stamps with the Maltese cross insignia. Order of Malta - Rome private tour Ordine di Malta - Rome car tour

  8. Pyramid of Cestius – Piramide di Caio Cestio – ancient pyramid in Rome built about 18 BC–12 BC as a tomb for Gaius Cestius, a magistrate and member of one of the four great religious corporations in Rome, the Septemviri Epulonum.
  9. Best Italian ice cream shop and the old bar pasticceria and local food Food Italy Rome private tour
  10. Piazza Venezia – Venezia square in ROME –  It takes its name from the Palazzo Venezia, built by the Venetian Cardinal, Pietro Barbo – later Pope Paul II , alongside the church of Saint Mark, the patron saint of Venice. The Palazzo Venezia served as the embassy of the Republic of Venice in Rome. 

    venice square Rome car tours
    venice square Rome car tours
  11. Colonna Traiana – Trajan’s Column – Roman triumphal column that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan’s victory in the Dacian Wars. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate.
  12. Mercati di Traiano – Mercatus Traiani – Trajan’s Market was probably built in 100-110 AD by Apollodorus of Damascus. The huge architecrural complex of the forum and Trajan’s Markets was until late antiquity considered the most famous of Rome’s wonders. The impressive projecr was attributed to Apollodorus of Damascus, a Syrian architecr. who worked mainly under the Emperor Trajan, in the F: rst half of the second century AD. This architect, one of the few artisrs of whom records survive, Fused and reworked the Fundamental principles of Hellenistic and Roman architecture. The Markets, which were designed at the same time as Trajan’s forum, are set on the slopes of the Quirinale. with a series of superimposed terraces. The removal of part of the hill, to a height equivalent to that of Trajan’s column, had made space for the creation of a piazza (square) in the grand style. The complex, which was designed for commercial and storage use, is articulated on dilTerent levels, and its facade consisrs of a large exea’ra (curving wall), which includes the Forum’s eastern side, with eleven tabernae (booths) facing it.
  13. Campidoglio hill – Piazza del Campidoglio – Collis Capitōlīnus – It was the citadel (equivalent of the ancient Greek acropolis) of the earliest Romans. The existing design of the Piazza del Campidoglio and the surrounding palazzi was created by Renaissance artist and architect Michelangelo Buonarroti in 1536–1546. At the height of his fame, he was commissioned by the Farnese Pope Paul III, who wanted a symbol of the new Rome to impress Charles V, who was expected in 1538.

  1. Foro Romano – Roman forum panoramic view 

    Roman forum - rome private tourse
    Roman forum – rome private tourse
  2. Theatre of Marcellus – Teatro marcello – Theatrum Marcelli – The theatre was 111 m in diameter and was the largest and most important theatre in Ancient Rome; it could originally hold between 11,000 and 20,000 spectators. 

    Teatro Marccello - Ancient Rome private tour
    Teatro Marccello – Ancient Rome private tour
  3. Piazza della Bocca della Verità – The square lies in the ancient area of the Forum Boarium, just in front of the Tiber Island; it takes its name from the Bocca della Verità. The fountain in front of the two temples, called Fountain of the Tritons, released by Carlo Bizzaccheri. Besides the church, dating back to the late Middle Ages, the square houses the Arcus Argentariorum, the Arch of Janus, the Temple of Hercules Victor and the Temple of Portunus, a deity related to the ancient river harbour. 

    tempio ercole vincitore - Rome private tour
    tempio ercole vincitore – piazza bocca della verità – Rome private tour
  4. Temple of Portunus – Tempio di Portuno – Its Ionic order has been much admired, drawn and engraved and copied since the 16th century (see illustration, right).  The temple owes its state of preservation from its being converted to use as a church in 872 and rededicated to Santa Maria Egyziaca (Saint Mary of Egypt).

    tempio di portuno Rome private tour
    Tempio di Portuno – Rome private tour
  5. Tempio di Ercole Vincitore – The Temple of Hercules Victor – Hercules the Winner or Hercules Olivarius – Dating from the later 2nd century BC By 1132 the temple had been converted to a church, known as Santo Stefano alle Carozze (St. Stephen ‘of the carriages).
  6. Fontana dei Tritoni – This fountain should be distinguished from the similarly named nearby Triton Fountain (Fontana del Tritone) by Bernini. The fountain was completed in 1715 by architect Carlo Francesco Bizzaccheri, during the works for the accommodation of the square in front of the basilica.

  7. Michelangelo Moses The coveted commission of his own splendid mausoleum by Julius II turned into an urter tragedy for Michelangelo, thanks to the continuous interruptions and endless modifications to which the original design was subjecr. Michelangelo threw himself into the projecr with great enthusiasm, following the firsr plan. This envisaged a mausoleum of three sroreys decorated with forty statues in marble, and bronze reliefs; the Moses was to form a pendant to the Statue of Saint Paul, borh being symbols of the mysrery of God’s revelation. Having spent a considerable time on producing numerous drawings and Studies, as well as choosing the marbles in Carrara, the sculptor was forced to abandon the project and concentrate firstly on the work in Saint Peter’s, to which Julius II apparently gave precedence, and, after that, on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. When the Pope died in 1513, Michelangelo returned to the projecr, although it had been very much reduced and modified: the mausoleum was no longer free-Standing but attached to the walls and it had Fewer statues. The artisr undertook to finish this second projecr within seven years, but, in face thirty years would pass before the end producr of the tomb in San Pietro in Vmcoli was achieved, work on this having only been resumed in 1532 after a long interruption. Between 1513 and 1515 Michelangelo worked on the statues of the first two Prisoners (today in the Louvre), which should have acted as telamons to hold up the architrave beside the two figures ofViCtories, and that of Moses. The latter undoubtedly represents one of the summits of Michelangelo‘s art in terms of expressiveness. 
  8. Janiculum Hill – Colle del Gianicolo – Rome panoramic view 

    Gianicolo Rome car tour
    Gianicolo hill – Rome car tour
  9. Tempietto del Bramante – Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio  Built on the top of the Gianicolo, the tempietto (little temple) was commissioned by the King of Spain to consecrate the place in which, according to medieval tradition, Saint Peter, the martyr, founder of the Christian Church and flat pope, had been crucified. The young architeCt Bramante conceived it as a genuine martyrium in antique style. with a central plan and a circle of perimeter columns.
    The Bramante temple in Rome
    The Bramante temple – Rome

    The building must have been placed in a large square, which, however. was never built. In spite of the reduced size, the space has been planned in grandiose, monumental Style. It is evidently based on the study of the rules of harmony of the Roman Vitruvius, who advised the use of the Doric order of columns for buildings dedicated to masculine divinitics or mythological figures famous for their sum and courage. The architeCt Bramante did in Fact use the Doric order for the tempietto. giving it an air of rigour and economy, which is also due to limited use of excessive decoration and the sober harmony of the volumes. 

    Tempietto del Bramante Roma - Car tours of rome
    Tempietto del Bramante Roma – Car tours of Rome
  10. Fontana Paolina o Fontana dell’Acqua Paola – Il fontanone The big fountain – It was built in 1612 to mark the end of the Acqua Paola aqueduct, restored by Pope Paul V, and took its name from him. It was the first major fountain on the left bank of the River Tiber.
  11. Vaticano – The Vatican and Santa Cecilia
  • San Peter square and basilica San Pietro The open space which lies before the basilica was redesigned by Gian Lorenzo Bernini from 1656 to 1667, under the direction of Pope Alexander VII.
    The colossal Tuscan colonnades, four columns deep, frame the trapezoidal entrance to the basilica and the massive elliptical area which precedes it.
    At the center of the ovato tondo stands an Egyptian obelisk of red granite, 25.5 metres tall, supported on bronze lions and surmounted by the Chigi arms in bronze, in all 41 metres to the cross on its top. The obelisk was originally erected at Heliopolis, Egypt, by an unknown pharaoh. During the Middle Ages, the gilt ball on top of the obelisk was believed to contain the ashes of Julius Caesar. 

 

S. Peter Vatican private tour
S. Peter Vatican private tour

 

The Sistine chapel private tour

Vatican Rome luxury tour with driver guide – original VIDEO

San Pietro Rome private tour
San Pietro Rome private tour
vaticano Rome private tour
Vatican – Rome private tour with driver guide

Arci Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano Private tour

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Extra visit of other monuments – Rome individual car tour

 

CAPITOLINE COLLECTIONS IN THE MONTEMARTINI POWER STATION Private tour of Rome from small group and individuals

This extraordinary example of industrial archaeology converted into a museum – the first public electricity plant, named after Giovanni Montemartini..

 Private car tour in Rome Classic arts in Rome car tour Montemartini power station Rome Montemartini Rome private tour Musei capitolini Rome car tours
  • Rome National Etruscan Museum  Villa Giulia- Museo nazionale etrusco di Villa Giulia – Individual private tour in RomeVilla-Giulia-Museum-Rome car tour loggia-degli-amanti-Villa-Giulia-Roma private car tour

 

  • Roman Catacombs Via Appia antica – Catacombe di San Sebastiano – Individual private tour in Rome

San Sebastiano Catacombe - Rome individual toursRome-catacombs-of-Saint-Sebastian- Rome car tours

 

  • Sant’Angelo Castle – Rome

Castel Sant Angelo – Private tour of the ancient Rome

Saint-angels-castle-Rome-private toursThe Tiber is dominated by the impressive Mole of Hadrian, built at the behest of the Emperor, probably designed by him and conceived as his personal mausoleum and tomb. Begun in about 123 AD and finished a year after the death of the Emperor by Antoninus Pius, it became the burial place of the Roman emperors up to Caracalla. To reach the mausoleum Hadrian had a bridge specially built opposite the entrance to the majestic building. The mausoleum was in the form of a square at whose corners there were statuary groups. Today the corners of the massive structure are reinforced by bastions erected in the course of the 16th century on the Pope’s wishes, and there are monuments which increase the security and isolation of the mausoleum, which had the appearance of a small fortified village. The tour of the museum inside includes superb cycles of frescoes from the School of Raphael, such as the frieze by Perin del Vaga recounting the tale of Cupid and Psyche, from 1545-1547, and the frescoes of the apartment of Pope Paul III which are attributed to the young Pellegrino Tibaldi.

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