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Tivoli private tour

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Villa d’Este – Villa Adriana – Villa Gregoriana

Tivoli private car tour around Rome – local guide with car

Tivoli private tour from Rome with english private guide  Eur 60 / h Max 6 pax

excurions tivoli rusrimvilla-d-este fontanarome to tivoli tour

Our guides are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy.

Tivoli car excursion from Rome

Villa d’Este – Villa Adriana – Villa Gregoriana
 Private tour around Rome with guide and car
  • Tivoli private tour from Rome

Tivoli is reached by Via Tiburtina, the ancient Roman consular road which takes its name from Tivoli itself. The town was called Tibur in Roman times after the leg-endary Tibertus, venerated as founder of the city with his brother Catillus. The lat-ter gave his name to the hill which domi-nates Tivoli, rising on the right bank of the Aniene river. Set atop the first pre-Appennine buttress which suddenly rears up after the vast expanse of the Roman plain, Tivoli occu-pies a wonderful panoramic position: After traveling along the winding Via

Villa D este fontana centraletivoli d este giardinitivoli fontane tour rusrim

Tiburtina that climbs up the green, olive-clad hill, the large Piazza Garibaldi, bor-dered on the left by a spacious panoramic terrace, offers views onto the entire plain and Rome in the distance. Tivoli is best known for its three villas (Villa d’Este, Hadrian’s Villa and Villa Gregoriana), yet the city is rich with several other interest-ing monuments and sites that are worth visitine, if only in passing. The distin-guished monuments scattered through the town, their panoramic position, and the waters of the Aniene river, seemingly omni-present in waterfalls, cascades and conduits for industrial use, help create the intimate surroundings for the villas. A brief itinerary begins at Piazza Garibaldi, at the end of which, on the left, is Piazza Trento. Here rises the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore (known to locals as S. Francesco), a beautiful 13th-century Romanesque-Gothic building. From Piazza Trento, nearby Via della Missione leads towards the old part of town, with its medieval quarter and Romanesque-Gothic churches. Narrow undulating streets and pic-turesque medieval houses on Via Campitelli and Piazza San Nicola are a pleasantly surprising feature of this small town.

rusrim tivoli tourvilla adriana tivoliTivoli Villa D Este soffitto

From here, Via del Colle leads to the Romanesque Church of San Silvestro, with particularly noteworthy 12th and 13th-century frescoes in the apse. Further down is the Duomo, dedicated to San Lorenzo, rebuilt in the middle of the 17th century. Highlights include the fine porti-co and the Romanesque campanile (12th century). Inside is an expressive Deposition from the Cross (one of the most famous wood sculptures of the 13th century) and tlx equally important Tryptich of the Savior, kept in an embossed silver casing. a valu-able piece of silver-craftsmanship that dates to 1449. The Duomo closes one of the short sides of what was once the Forum – the center of public and private life in the city – during Roman times, as evidenced by the many important relics found in the area. Going towards the Aniene, at the level of Ponte Gregoriano, is Piazza Rivarola. From there, Via della Sibilla goes left to one of the most famous monuments in Tivoli, the so-called Temple of the Sibyl. The true name of the temple is not known, though it is thought to have been dedicated to Vesta, or else to Hercules Saxanus, who was particularly venerated in Tivoli. The adjacent rectangular temple was probably the one dedicated to the Sibyl. The temples rise from a rocky footing, overhanging the romantic park of Villa Gregoriana.

Villa D’Este VIDEO

music by Adel Karanov private guide in Rome

  • VILLA ADRIANA – Tivoli private tour 

 Daily tour around Rome with guide and car

When Publius Elis Hadrian assumed power on the 2nd of August, 117 AD, the Roman empire was at its maximum extent and power. The second Spanish-born Roman Emperor (after Trajan) Hadrian was a wise politician and a first-rate military comman-der. Despite numerous victories, he under-stood that Rome’s conquering period had come to an end, and that the empire needed stability above all else. Perhaps the most complex and compelling of all Roman emperors, Hadrian was a highly-cultured man. He appreciated all  forms of art, but had a special passion for architecture, which he indulged even while traveling, as he was accompanied by an army of smiths, masons, jointers and car-penters. In England, Hadrian rebuilt London in 122 AD, about sixty years after the fire, and he also constructed the famous Valium, a long defensive wall that was named after him.

Hadrians villa Tivoli private tour VIDEO and music by Adel Karanov private guide in Rome

Emperor Hadrian - Tivoli tour
Emperor Hadrian – TIVOLI Daily private tour

In Athens, where he spent much of his time trying to strengthen Rome’s eastern boundaries against the incipient threat of barbarian invasion, the emperor carried out conspicuous restoration projects and enriched the city with new buildings of great beauty. Hadrian understood the strongest cultural and civil needs of his time, and brought together the refinements of Greek culture and the traditional governing skills which the Romans had developed over the cen-turies. This combination was embodied in the Villa he built. The charming mix of ruins and natural landscape makes it a powerful romantic attraction, and the deeply innova-tive nature of Hadrian’s architecture is self-evident in each building. As indicated by the dates printed on the bricks of the build-ings, this extraordinary complex was con-structed between the years 118 and 134 A.D. at the foot of Tibur – today’s Tivoli – a town founded in the 9th century BC on the border of the calcareous terrace stretching from the Tiburtini Hills toward the Roman countryside. Four years after the completion of the Villa, the emperor died at age 62 from cirrhosis of the liver in Baia, where he had gone seeking mild weather and a cure for the disease.

villa adriana car excursion
Villa Adriana – Tivoli private tour with local guide

It is difficult to imagine the scope of the original Villa; only one fifth of the three-hundred hectares that originally occupied the site are visible today. The project was so gigantic that neighboring Tibur went through a phase of urban and demographic expansion both during the construction of the Villa and afterwards, when many of its inhabitants were employed here. The Villa’s unique size and superb level of artistic refinement should not obscure the fact that large villas harmoniously set in the land-scape were a distinctive feature of Roman architecture. In fact, as early as the Republican era, the countryside was studded with spacious rustic villas fully equipped to work as efficient farms with ample storage facilities, olive presses, mills, fish reser-voirs, stables and pigeon-houses. In the 1st century BC. during the transition from republican to imperial times, the rustic Villa lost its role of productive center to become, instead, a status symbol. Accordingly, utili-tarian buildings were substituted with gym-nasiums, porticos, peristyles, vestibules, cryptoporticos, exedras, verandas and nympheums.

villa adriana tivoli
Villa Adriana Tivoli car tour from Rome

The first glorious example of how aristocratic villas might evolve into imperial residences was the Domus Aurea, the realization of Nero’s dream of building a city-villa. Almost nothing remains of the fantastic masterpiece of the “crazy emper-or”, but a few decades later Hadrian elevat-ed this native architectural invention to its highest splendor, infusing his Villa with the refined taste of a restless soul. Among Villa Adriana’s best-known features are the numerous references to those places that had most impressed the emperor’s memory and spirit, which are mentioned in a list by Elio Sparziano, one of the writers of the Historia Augusta. But only the Canopus, as we will see below, can be identified with one of these places. All the other names were sug-gested by Renaissance or later scholars. Modern scholars tend to recognize the mark of Hadrian’s political program, which for the first time put the provinces on par with Rome, in the Villa’s bizarre and even capri-cious reproductions of exotic architecture. But in reality, the designs employed were more a matter of personal interpretation than of mere imitation. Hadrian’s immediate suc-cessors, the Antonini, used the Villa as their summer residence, but after them the Villa fell into disrepair. Diocletian restored it at the end of the 3rd century AD. Shortly afterwards, according to several texts, Constantine embellished Constantinople -the new capital of the eastern empire – with many artistic pieces taken from Villa Adriana, which from that time shared with most of the great Roman monuments a des-tiny of neglect and damage (Gothic and Byzantine armies alternatively camped in the Villa’s grounds during the terrible Gothic wars) and even more devastating pil-lages in the 16th century, during the first archaeological excavations. About three-hundred masterpieces have so far been discovered and put on display in museums and collections all over the world. A mere trifle when compared to the crowd of statues and objects which once filled the Villa, vying in numbers with the incredibly rich contents of the Vatican Museums today. Some of these works definitely deserve mention, if only to imagine how they might have once adorned the Villa. Among Roman copies from Greek originals: the famous Discobolus of Mirone, housed in the Vatican Museums, and the Tvrannicides at the Naples’ National Museum (5th centu-ry BC); Praxitele’s Three resting satyrs, one of which is displayed at the Capitoline Museums in Rome (4th century BC). Unforgettable sculptures from the 3rd to the 1st centuries BC are the Niobide (Vatican Museums), the Crouching Venus by Doidaldas (Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome), the Two Centaurs with Faun in rosso antico marble (Capitoline Museums) and a Faun (Vatican Museums). Several original Roman sculptures such as the Colossal masks and the Ocean, Two telam-ons, Two peacocks, a Deer’s head and, above all, the gigantic Antinoos represented like Bacchus, are also on display at the Vatican Museums. Of remarkable interest is the large group of sculptures made in the Egyptian style, divided between the Vatican Museums and the Capitoline Museums. Only a few of the countless decorative pieces that contributed to the extraordinary elegance of Hadrian’s Villa are exhibited in museums and public galleries. The rest have disappeared into private collections, Finally, some splendid mosaics include: the Mosaic of the doves at the Capitoline Museums and the noteworthy collection at the Vatican Museums, which includes the panels with Animals, in the Room of the Animals; the Theater masks. which gave the name to the famous Gabinetto; and the cheerful Flower garlands in the library.

  • VILLA D’ESTE and GARDENS – Tivoli private tour

    Excursions around Rome – Tivoli car tour with guide 
Villa D este fontana centrale
Villa D’Este tour Tivoli from Rome with Car and Guide

Lola and Paolo Calandrino (whose names are carved inside the grotto, below the caryatids on the left) with mosaics formed by scales of rock and stuccos in high and low relief. There are also remarkable decorations made from enamel, shells and coral. The glazed majolica floor featured an array of colored figures, ranging from a kneeling monk to a pelican, an Etruscan profile to a country cottage, and geese to
fish. Some dates and names marked in rough letters are still visible: Portia. Nabuli, Amore, Cremona. Laurentina, Roma and Cornelia were perhaps names of women who had been clear to the artisans who worked on the floor. The extremely rich decoration must have been truly magnificent in its time.


Tivoli gardens map
Maps of the Villa D’Este gardens – Tivoli car excursions from Rome

Most of the precious sculptures that adorned the grotto are now in the Capitoline Museum in Rome, where they were placed after being acquired by Pope Benedict XIV; among those that remain are two statues of Amazons, Minerva and, notably, Diana the Humress with her bow, to whom the grotto is dedicated. Aside from the usual Caryatids and the relatively rare stuccoed quince branches, the walls are embellished with mythological scenes featuring Minerva, Neptune and several of the Muses. The fountain of Diana was a delightful work in relief, enlivened by gold and splendid colors, and by the precious stones that were set into the eyes of the Muses. Although some of the vivacious color has been lost, this still remains the most elaborate fountain of the Villa.

    Fontana del bicchierone TIVOLI tour
    Fontana del Bicchierone – Tivoli private tour

    The central axis of the Villa leads down to the calm and elegant fountain of the Bicchierone (large drinking glass), con- structed in 1661 according to designs by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The fountain, therefore, does not belong to the original plan of the Villa, but was added about a century later. The cheerful, bold harmony and fine style of the Bicchierone clearly suggest the involvement of the great master. who worked on several projects at the Villa d’Este. The exquisite architectural lines of the fountain, representing a fine chalice held up by a giant sea-shell. owes its par- ticular charm to its harmonious and serene water play.

  • THE “ROMETTA ”From the “Bicchierone,” a cool avenue bordered by oaks and laurels turns off to the left and leads to the “Rometta  a fan- tastic recreation of
    La Rometta - Fontana - Tivoli car tour
    La Rometta fontana – Tivoli car tour

    some of the most important buildings in ancient Rome. The large platform, supported by an impressive foundation, offers a fine perspective. It was designed by Pirro Ligorio and perhaps also by Ippolito II himself, and built in 1570 by fountain-maker Luzio Mac- carone. It may have been used originally as a backdrop for a small open-air theater. It is reached by a small bridge that spans a curving canal, in the middle of which, along a course representing the Tiber, there is a scale model of the Tiberina Island in Rome in the shape of an ancient Roman boat. The island was the site of a hospital and the uncoiling serpent alludes to Aesculapius, the god of medicine. The canal is formed by the confluence of two streams, representing the Tiber and the Aniene respectively, which come from the rocky wall in the background; the former springs from a cavern housing a statue ofthe Tiber, While the latter falls in attrac-tive, frothy cascades from the base of the statue representing the Aniene. At the center of the Rometta is a statue of Victorious Rome, sculpted by Pietro Lamotte from a design by Ligorio, along with the She-wolf nursing the twins Romulus and Remus. Today little remains of the original models, due to the passage of time and the fact that part of the ensemble (including the Colosseum, Capitol Hill, Pantheon and the Arch of Titus) was demolished. Nonetheless, the Rometta is still an expression of pure beauty as water gushes forth everywhere: in the air, on the ground, in the light and in the shadows. Flowing glasslike and transparent, boldly darting into the air, softly arching, merrily falling down, crossing and overtaking and melting into one another, then fading away iri- descently into the air, in a glittering halo of life, light and celebration.


  • THE HUNDRED FOUNTAIN When first built, the Hundred Fountains must have been particularly impressive: marble gleaming, sculptures intact, waters
    The 100 fountains - Tivoli private tour
    Le cento fontante – Tivoli Car tour from Rome

    vigorous, inspiring in their sumptuousness, refinement and art. But no more – the marble is corroded and the trickling water reveals the patina of age. The Hundred Fountains border a long, straight path leading from the “Rometta” fountain (also known as the Fontana di Roma) to the Fontana dell’Ovato. The water falls into three long parallel channels arranged one above the other, forming one single water play. Allegorically, the thin spurts of water, fed by the hundred jets, represent the Aniene river which runs from Tivoli to Rome, where it flows into the Tiber. Hanging above the highest channel are sculptures of lilies, obelisks, boats and eagles, all the Cardinal’s beloved symbols: the lilies rep- resent unforgettable France, the boats St. Peter, and the obelisks unfulfilled papal power. The eagle belonged to the coat of arms of the d’Este family. The entire marble wall that separates the upper channel from the middle one was carved with episodes from Ovid’s Meta – morphoses. But what little remains of these carvings is hidden under a graceful mantle of verdant foliage. Pirro Ligorio designed the 100 meter-long path, and was responsible for the two orders of overlapping basins on the uphill side. Although the rest of the Villa is full of beautiful scenes, no other fountain matches the bewitching charm of the Hundred Fountains.


  • THE FOUNTAIN OF “OVATO”Coming from the Hundred Fountains and walking past the “Bollori” stairs and the Fontana dei Draghi (see below) to the left, the path leads to the Fountain of the Ovato, also known as the Fountain of Tivoli, built by Pirro Ligorio. The canal that brought the water of the Aniene river to the
    fontana dell ovato - Tivoli car excursion
    Fontana dell’Ovato – Tivoli car excursion from Rome with private guide and car

    Villa once flowed nearby. The fountain takes its name from its egg- like, oval shape, and it is perhaps the most typically baroque fountain in the Villa. The fountain appears Particularly elaborate, thanks to the profusion of rocks and ornamental boulders which Curzio Mac- carone showered upon it in order to convey the wild atmosphere of Mount Helicon. In execution, the intended “naturalistic” effect is actually rather bombastic. Nevertheless, the general appearance of the fountain is harmonious as well as impressive, and thus quite pleasing on the whole. The Pegasus (winged horse) atop the fountain is placed so well that it seems truly about to soar into the air. A good ways down the central axis is a simple statue of the Sibyl of Tibur (Sibin Albunea) holding the hand of her son Melicerte, symbolizing Tivoli. The statue is the work of the Flemish sculptor Giglio della Vellita. On either side are marble figures by Giovanni Malanca representing the Aniene and Herculanean rivers. The tall, rocky part of the fountain is bordered by a’half-moon terrace with a marble balustrade overhanging the mighty and crystal clear flow of water that drops down in a resonating dome. The basin below is lined by a semi-circle of pilasters which form of a nymphaeum. In the niches statues of nymphs hold vases from which water flows. This is the work of Giovan Battista della Porta, inspired by Pirro Ligorio. In the middle of the basin there is a large shell with open valves, originally in the basin of the nearby Hydraulic Organ. The colonnade of the nymphaeum is decorated with French lilies and d’Este family eagles depicted in mosaics (in poor condition). The parapet of the basin is lined with lively ceramics featuring details of the d’Este coat of arms. Opposite the fountain there are tables with Roman feet and two stucco statues in their own niches. Centuries old plane trees embellish the scene. Though perhaps not a perfect all-around work, the Fountain of the “0mm” is admirable for its general harmony and its profusion of ornamental motifs which often served as inspiration to numerous artists.


    fontana dell organo - tivoli tour
    Fontana dell’organo – Tivoli private tour

    A shady and attractive lane to the left leads to a clearing where stands the Fountain of the Organ, so named because it was once connected to a water-driven mechanism that imitated the sounds of an organ. The fountain consists of a large structure designed by Pirro Ligorio along baroque lines. A large oval basin at the base of the fountain is encircled by a lovely balustrade in mixed style. An apse opens at the center of the fanciful structure; four colossal rough-hewn Telarnones by Pirrin del Gagliardo support the sides of the mock arch; and above there are multi-col- ored stucco panels depicting mythological scenes with Orpheus, Marsius, Apollo and others. A profusion of ornamental motifs stretch – es across the facade, including abundant grotesque coats of arms, flowers, sirens, winged victories and sea-shells. Taken together, the stucco, rustic mosaic, scale, and fresco produce a sumptuous effect. The tympanum over the facade is inter- rupted at the center by the mighty eagle with its outstretched wings sitting atop the coat of arms of Cardinal Alessandro who continued the work of his uncle Ippolito at the Villa. . fountain is encircled by a lovely balustrade in mixed style. An apse opens at the center of the fanciful structure; four colossal rough-hewn Telarnones by Pirrin del Gagliardo support the sides of the mock arch; and above there are multi-col- ored stucco panels depicting mythological scenes with Orpheus, Marsius, Apollo and others. In the middle, beneath the apse, there is a delightful and beautifully proportioned Opening, designed by Bernini to house the Hydraulic Organ. Niches to either side contain mediocre ornamental statues. The floor of the apse juts out in front of the basin, forming a small terrace enclosed by a lovely balustrade of mixed style; on the sides, rows of cherubs cast their cool Jets. The Hydraulic Organ, for which the fountain was originally named. was the ingenuous creation of Claude Venard, and was once one of the wonders of the Villa. Water dropped through a conduit into an underground cavity, forcing a strong draft of air through the organ pipes. Another heavy jet of water slowly rotated a toothed copper cylinder mounted on an iron frame which moved the keys of the organ, playing madrigals and motets. The listeners found it difficult to believe that the music came from a simple hydraulic mechanism and not a band of hidden musicians. On the whole, this agreeable fountain’s lively beauty makes it worthy of its great fame as one of the marvels of the Villa.

  • THE FOUNTAIN OF THE DRAGONS The shady path to the right of the Fountain of the Ovato leads to the Fountain of the Dragons ( or the F ountain. of the
    Fontana del drago - Tivoli tour
    Fontana del Drago – car tour around Rome

    Girandola), the dominant motif at the very heart of the Villa’s garden. This is a fascinating fountain, at the center of which is a group of four horrid dragons “with wings and open mouths of the kind that frighten those who look upon them,” executed, according to legend, in just one night in September


Tivoli day tour – Rusrim car tour

Tivoli car tour from Rome


ROMA Private car tours

Small group tours in minivans ensuring the highest level of comfort. Our vehicles are fully equipped with all the options required for  long trips, including air conditioning.
An English speaking private guide will be at your disposal for the whole day and will arrange the most satisfactory tour with you.


30 Car tours in Rome – Lazio, Tuscany and Umbria

Excursions with private guide in:
Day  car tours in Italy with driver guide  from Rome and other touwns
Transfer and private tours from Civitavecchia port – Rome airport
Transfer – Rome Airport  and  Civitavecchia with driver guide
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Contemporary  dance in Rome
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Reservation contacts – Private tours in Lazio, Tuscany – Umbria – Abruzzo, Campania, Veneto, Trentino with licensed private guide
+39 389 5975 184  info@rusrim.com +39 329 44 83 644


Roman castles private car tour

+39 329 448 3644   info@rusrim.com  +39 389 59 75 184

Castelli Romani private tour

Rome  castles wine tour with local private guide

Individual excursion 6/h to 8/h, max 10 pax – 6 pax Еур 60/h (from 1- to 6 pax) 

genzano romanolago di nemiponte-ariccia

Roman lakes car tour from Rome with private guide

Our guides are also graduates having obtained painting, dance, music or literature diplomas and are active artists working in Italy.

Lakes of Rome private tour

 Tours around Rome with local guide

  • The two Roman lakes 30 km south of Rome

Along the trail that today retraces the ancient Sacred Way that connected the Appian Way to Monte Cavo, there is a place commonly known as the tocchialones: It is a natural terrace leaning towards the south and the only point of the Castelli Romani where it is possible to admire Lake Albano and Lake –  excursions around Rome by Rusrim.com

Nemi at the same time. From here, the waters reflecting the sun within the surrounding circular brim of the ancient volcanic craters, remind us of a large pair of spectacles.

  • Lake Albano Laziale – Private car tour around Rome

albano lagoIt is also called the Lake of Castel Gandolfo as the waters reflect the town where the Papal residence is located. With a depth of 170 metres, it holds the record for Italian volcanic lakes and is a destination for water sports lovers with particular interest to rowing, sailing and diving. Along the perimeter of the low banks, approximately 10 kilometres, you can often find roadrunners training.

It is not only for sport that Lake Albano is frequented. Its charming landscape, rich vegetation and archaeological and historical-artistic evidence make it a pleasant and interesting spot for relaxation and educational walks.

A new boat service introduced by the Regional Natural Park of the Castelli Romani will take visitors to sail along the so-called Sentiero dellAcqua, letting them approach in a new, easy and involving way the environmental and historical-archaeological themes of Lake Albano. Further information is available on the Internet website of the Regional Natural Park of the Castelli Romani

Like all lake basins of volcanic origin, Lake Albano has no tributary and is supplied only by rainwater and some

underlying springs. In 397 BC, the Romans carried out an enormous hydraulic engineering enterprise: an artificial emissary, which allowed the waters of the Lake to reach the sea in order to control the level. Further visible evidence of Roman Age are the Doric Nymphaeum and the Bergantino Nymphaeum.

From the Medieval Age you can see the Convento di Palazzolo and a few remains belonging to the Romitorio di S. Angelo.

Castelli Romani car tour  VIDEO of Rome castles

Original music by Adel Karanov private guide

  • Lake Nemi – Private car tour around Rome

nemi private tour rusrimIt is the smallest of the two Castelli Romani lakes and in ancient times was also called Specchio di Diana (“Diana’s Mirror”) because of the Sacred Woods and the Temple-Sanctuary of Diana Nemorensis (p.10), the Goddess of Woods, situated along the banks.

Lake Nemi was appreciated as an entertainment and holiday location of by the ancient Romans. Emperor Caligula organized enormous celebrations in honour of Diana on his two famous ships, which were anchored in the centre of this small volcanic lake. The remains of the ships can be seen today at the Museum of Roman Ships (p.11) located on the banks of the same lake.

Today, a large part of the banks of the lake is taken up by cultivations of tasty good quality strawberries for which the attractive medieval town of Nemi has become renown.

According to the Goletta dei Laghi report in 2009, it is considered possible to bath in the lake in its complete form, except for the area in front of the Museum of Roman Ships.


  • Castel Gandolfo – Private tour around Rome

Romantic  view from Paganelli restaurant 200 years of history

паганелли ресторант - кастел гандолфо - гид в римEnchanting for the simple elegance of the historical centre, for the blue waters reflecting the town and it is worldwide famous as the Pope’s summer residence

In a splendid position overlooking Lake Albano, Castle Gandolfo is situated on the brink of a volcanic crater. The town is known for the beauty of the surrounding nature and its elegant historical centre encircled by the wall. It has been elected one of the most beautiful villages in Italy. Above all, the small town is famous for the Papal Palace where Popes have spent their summers since the 176 century. After all, Castel Gandolfo and neighbouring towns were favourite places to build summer residences as far back as ancient Roman times, initially by patrician families and emperors and later by important clergy and noble Romans. Evidence of ancient Roman times are the remains of the Villa di Domiziano (Domitian’s Villa) to which the Ninfeo Bergantino belongs. The villas and other residences surviving today such as the Chiesa di San Tommaso di Villanova (Church of St. Thomas of Villanova) were mostly built as of the 17th century when Castel Gandolfo became property of the the Holy See. Its history is very ancient as its origins go back to the town of Alba Longa.


The summer Pope-s residence in Castelli Romani

castel gandolfo private tour

Nemi – Private car tour around Rome

Nemi private tourLying deep in the sacred woods that once were dedicated to Diana Nemorensis (also known as Diana of Nemi), is a charming medieval borgo well known nowadays for the delicious strawberries Gently resting along the border of the crater and surrounded by woods, Nemi overlooks the small volcanic lake bearing the same name. The charm of this small town of ancient origins and medieval aspect with its towers reflecting on the blue water of the lake surrounded by rushes and strawberry greenhouses, has seduced poets and painters and still enchants the many tourists visiting today. The history of Nemi is ancient and important. Because of the Tempio di Diana Nemorense (Temple of Diana Nemorensis), which was situated here, the area was already considered sacred by the Latin League. Later, it was also favoured by the Romans and Caligula, who decided to keep his two big ships used as banquet halls, anchored here. What is left of the vessels is conserved in the interesting Museo delle Navi Romane (Museum of the Roman Ships).

Museum of the Roman Ships – Private tours Roman Castles

Museum of the Roman Ships

Strawberry  speciality in Nemi – Culinary tour from Rome

strawberry in the roman casles

Nemi – Castelli Romani romantic tour from Rome

romantic tour around rome

The Roman Castles – Castelli Romani – Private wine tour from Rome

The hills of Castelli Romani, guardians of the Urbe Alba Longa, Tusculum and the origins of Rome

The origins of this part of the world are lost in myth, so much so that Cicero called these hills the ‘uterus of Rome’. The Castelli Romani area had a central rote in several events connected to the Eternal City: in fact it was here that Alba Longa was located. Legend has it that it was founded by Ascanius, son of Aeneas and was the capital of the famous Latium or Latin Civilisation. In the Tri century B.C.. Alba Longa was definitively conquered by Rome, after the legendary battle between the Horatii and the Curatii, and with it the whole Castelli Romani territory fell under the influence of the growing Roman civilisation. The area has always appealed to Rome’s affluent families and is full of the remains of villas and residences which belonged to noteworthy figures such as Marcus Tullius Cicero. Seneca, Domitian and Caius Julius Caesar, on the ruins of which stand entire villages. Among the most famous ancient towns in this area, the city of Tusculum cannot be forgotten. According to legend, it was founded by Telegonus, son of Homer’s mythical hero Ulysses. Located on the volcanic ridge of Mount Tuscola, the small city played a main role in the famous battle of Lake Regillo, where the Latiums were beaten by the Romans who had help from the Dioscuri Castor and Pollux themselves, or so legend has it. It yielded definitively when the Romans destroyed the city and razed it to the ground in 1191 for sheltering Frederick Barbarossa who was fighting the Romans at the time. The area where it once stood, where today lie the municipalities of Monte Compatri, Frascati, Grottaferrata and Monte Porzio Catone, was partially for grazing and partially woodland.

Villa Grazioli - Grottaferrata

From Castles to sumptuous Villas The name ‘Castelli Romani’ indicates an area that includes a group of neighbouring municipalities to the south of Rome. The origin of this name dates back to the 14m century when, after the difficult period of the so-called Avignon Papacy, the process known as ‘encastellation’ began: some residents of Rome moved to the feudal castles owned by some rich Roman families in this area.

1500s, when a period of peace began that would last two centuries and allow the urban, architectural and artistic/cultural development of the zone. The architects of this long stretch of prosperity were the powerful families who owned feuds here, such as the Colonnas, the Chigis, the Sforzas and the Borgheses. It was during this period that the appearance of the Castelli Romani area was further embellished with the construction of numerous monumental buildings: from majestic Tuscolan villas such as Villa Nlondranone. Villa Falconien. Villa Rufinella, Villa Grazioli and Villa Aldobrandini to the Pope’s summer residence in Castel Gandolfo.

villa grazioli Grottaferrata

The eastern Romani area today In 1870. having been the focus of the most powerful Roman families and Popes for centuries, the Alban Hills area was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy and a series of infrastructural works was begun which improved rail and road connections and made the area a popular destination for travellers from all over Europe. The Second World War was a particularly painful time for the Castelli municipalities which were at the centre of Anglo-American bombardment. Despite this. the economy in the Castelli Romani area recovered immediately after the conflict, especially in the agricultural sector, and has remained healthy to this day.

Culinary tours from Rome to Castelli Romani

Traditional Dishes in the Roman Castles

Touring the fraschette is an activity to which you should devote yourselves assiduously. The fraschetta is a typical inn of the Castelli Romani area, with ancient origins connected to the move of carters from the countryside to Rome and the places where they stopped for refreshment. Today most of the fraschette offer traditional Castelli Romani cuisine, while some maintain the tradition of selling only wine to their customers who bring their own food. Try the Lane Pelose in Monti Prenestini.


This translates as Hairy Sheep which explains its humble origins among the shepherds. Just as balls of wool were pulled off the sheep to be processed, so the women pulled off pieces of dough to then roll them into strips. Today they keep the same name but the preparation technique has evolved: whole-wheat flour and water are used for the dough which is then rolled out and cut (roughly) into rough strips with the help of a knife, without too much concern for precision. They are served with many different condiments: porcini mushrooms, geld sauce or salted cod. The traditional first course in Castelli is fettuccine, which are prepared here with both wheat flour and chestnut flour (more rustic and aromatic) and served with a meat sauce or porcini mushrooms. Or, if you prefer, try the Gnocchetti a ‘coda di soreca’ (mouse tail gnocchi) a very simple pasta made from flour, water and a pinch of salt and made into an original shape that recalls a mouse tail. These are made by hand and are the

pasta tour in the roman castles

same diameter as a chunky bucatino pasta with a tapered tip. Typical of Prenestine cuisine, these are served with meat sauce, Iamb ragu and artichokes, You will also eat these gnocchetti from the typical ‘scifette’, rectangular containers made from wood: a real blast from the past. Speaking of fresh pasta, another typical dish from Castelli Romani and the municipality of Colonna in particular is pincinelle: a long round pasta. approximately 3 millimetres wide, made with a dough of flour, water and salt. Every menu also contains the local dishes that are now famous all over the world: delicious carbonara made with guanciale, egg, pepper and pecorino romano cheese; cacio e pepe whose ingredients are in the name (cacio e pepe means means pecorino romano cheese and pepper); amatriciana made with guanciale, tomato and pecorino romano cheese and gricia, similar to the amatriciana but without tomato.

The second courses are often made with lamb or abbacchio as it is known here. In Roman dialect, this means milk-lamb, which has always been a dominant feature in the culinary tradition of Castelli Romani. The Abbacchio Romano, born and raised wild or semi-wild within the borders of Lazio is also PGI protected and has a ,r and le n mea •, It is ised in meat is seasoned with garlic, rosemary, salt and pepper to make roasted abbacchio which is served with potatoes. To make abbacchio ‘alla cacciatora’ it is slow-cooked in a casserole dish or pan and flavoured with anchovies, olives and tomatoes depending on the recipe. Abbacchio ribs are eaten ‘scottadito’ style – cooked on the grill or barbecue and served immediately (the name translates as finger-burners) or breaded and fried. An ancient dish is the legendary Tordo matto di Zagarolo, rolled horsemeat with crushed lard. parsley, garlic, sage, coriander, chili and salt which is cooked in the embers, roasted or pan-cooked with local red wine. Tordo matto is made by the butchers of Zagarolo and it can also be found in some restaurants in Monti Prenestini. Other meat dishes, such as rabbit ‘alla cacciatora’ (with garlic, rosemary and vinegar) and humble sides that use the intestines or less noble parts of the animal such as pork tripe ‘alla romana’ with tomato sauce, mint and pecorino or beans with pork rind and iamb giblets. You must of course try the saltimbocca ‘alla romana’: a slice of veal pierced with a toothpick which holds a leaf of sage and a slice of prosciutto crudo, seared in oil and white wine.

Cacio e pepe pasta – Roman dishes 


In Castelli, the reinvigorating polenta accompanies boar but there is also a vegetarian version with mushrooms. broccoli and chickpeas. Not only vegetarians but also fans of the ‘sides’ menu or anybody bored of potatoes, grilled vegetables and

BIO products from the Roman Castles – Vegetables

vegetarian tour in italy

mixed salads which abound on Italian menus, will be pleased to know that sides are a serious business in Castelli Romani. This is the land of ripassate vegetables where the vegetables are tossed in a pan with oil and garlic, occasionally some chili, and potato and ramoracci (a flavoursome wild herb) frittatas. Then there is the chicory, puntarelle, artichokes, asparagus and broccoli; all with that slightly bitter taste and crunchy consistency that make them exceptional accompaniments to the hearty second courses in typical Castelli cuisine.

King of sides is of course Artichoke ‘ells romana’, which is simmered in water and seasoned with garlic, mint and parsley, or perhaps oanzane.11a made with yesterdays soaked bread, fresh tomato and oregano You might never have tried it before but it is definitely worth a taste. The name is Scottone and it’s a cheese that is served… hot! You need to climb up to Rocca Priora to try it, because this is where Scottone is still produced to this day. It is a semi-liquid cheese, similar to ricotta, obtained after boiling sheep’s milk twice. The name (burner) reminds us that it should be served while it is still very hot in an earthenware bowl.

  • Typical and Biodiverse Products in the Roman castles

Wine tour around Rome with local private guide

wine tour italyThe words ‘Castelli Romani’ immediately conjure up a getaway. You get a longing for the kind of artisanal food products that made this land so perfect for gastronomic escapism Castelli Romani was made famous by history, cinema, literature and songs. It has widespread popularity ,and offers a simple welcome and a joyful atmosphere, as if it were always Sunday here, always a trip away, always a discovery. And Frascati DOCG is the life of the party. With its straw colour and delicate aroma, it is an excellent aperitif but also a faithful companion to all the best Roman cuisine. It is the most famous wine from Castelli and is produced in various types: Frascati Doc normaie (dry) or Spumante Frascati Superiore DOCG. Cannellino di Frascati DOCG (sweet wine from late harvest). All these are made with the Malvasia del Lazio or Puntinata, Malvasia di Candice Trebbiano Bellone and Bombino grapes. Frascati DOCG wines are a gastronomical triumph of the Castelli Romani area and are also made organically in some vineyards. In line with the wine tradition in Castelli Romani, the master gelato-maker Roberto Troiani has created a line of gelato with Castelli wines.

Local BIO product made in the Castelli Romani – Rusrim.com Culinary private tour from Rome

italian food - private car tours in Rome

Using the local must, he has created delicious ice-creams that are perfect for enjoying on a stroll or in original combinations with food. The wine ice-creams are creamy, sweet and flavoursome, characterised by an acidic note that is balanced by the scent and rich and consistent flavours of he wine. There is a flavour for everyone: Cannellino (cream, Cannellino, cinnamon and almond): Crema al Passito (Malvasia passita, cream and cinnamon); Frascati Superiore (Frascati DOCG, cream and green apple) and many more.

coppiette castelli romani rusrim wine tourAmong the local gastronomic specialities, the Castelli Romann norcinerias play a fundamental role: the Coppiette are spiced strips of dried pork. The manufacture process stars with the selection of the best cuts of meat which are then cut into strips and seasoned with salt, fennel seeds. chili, wine and various spices depending on the butcher’s recipe. Once seasoned, the strips are hung to dry and folded in half, hence the name coppietta (little couple). The coppietta should be bitten into with no hesitation or concern for etiquette, just like the old inn customers used to do who. stimulated by salt and spices, would then drink copious amounts of wine. In distant times, the coppietta was the inseparable companion of shepherds and legionary soldiers as it would keen for a long time in their saddlebags. Today it is eaten before, during and after meals, in the restaurant or as street food. It is a treat that is difficult to resist.

porchetta aricciaPorchetta is also an important part of the butcher tradition. It is made with boned pork, seasoned with aromatic herbs and then cooked in the oven or, as would be more traditional, over a wood fire. It is without a doubt the most popular dish in the fraschette, but also in restaurants in Frascati and all CasteIli Romani. Fans of cheese will not be disappointed by the Monti Prenestini, These lands re suited to pastoralism and offer a great variety of cheeses made with cow, sheep and goat milk. From ricotta to varyingly seasoned cheeses, that can be bought and tasted directly from the producer Cheeses and cold cuts go excellently with bread and there is an excellent local loaf made over a wood fire in Carchitti, a hamlet of Palestrina or the ‘Fascina’ loaf made in Rocca di Papa. They say that tradition is a successful invention. Hour, sugar and egg combine to make a formidable piece of culinary art: the Giglietto di Paiestrina. This delicious flaky biscuit requires rare manual skill so very few families continue the tradition and the Giglietti can only be bought in a few bakeries in Palestrina and Castel San Pietro Romano. The history of the Giolietto began in France do 1600 and is still celebrated today at the ‘Sagra del Giglietto e delle ghiottonerie dei Monti Prenestini’ (Monti Prenestini Feast of Giglietto and Gluttony) held in the first week of August. The Giglietto di Palestrina was Slow Food certified in 2014. If you still have not had enough of desserts and surprises, make haste to Rocca di Papa, perhaps with your sweetheart in tow. That’s right, weddings are celebrated with donuts in Rocca di Papa. The Ciambella degli Sposi di Rocca di Papa (Bride and Groom Donut from Rocca di Papa) recognised as a typical and traditional product, is connected to the wedding ceremony and used as an edible favour. Tradition has it that a specific number must be given dependino on your relation to the couple: 24 to your confirmation sponsors, 18 to your godparents, 12 for grandparents, uncles and aunts, 6 for friends and neighbours. Round with a hole in the middle. Ciambella degli Sposi di Rocca di Dois is made with simple ingredients sugar, egg, liquor, lemon zest. extra v rio.b b oi’ and yeast. It is then decorated .7 ii..,..:Hcoloured sugar sprinkles. The good news is that you don’t have to get married to try one: the Rocca di Papa bakeries make plenty during the orange flower season and for the feast of the Ciambella degli Sposi di Rocca di Papa which is held on the last Sunday of September. It is said that they are auspicious for a life full of joy. And donuts apparently. which isn’t half bad. Do you feel that air of fun, irreverence and exuberance? That is the typical Castelli breeze! It is time to try the Pupazza Frascatana. an imaginative and playful biscuit that looks like a woman with three nipples and is made with flour, honey and orange scent. It was created almost as a joke in the Sixties and became a typical product of the Frascati area. But why three nipples you cry. The answer is very simple: two for milk and one for wine. Castelli wine of course! The fact that wine is just as much a part of the local tapestry as traditional recipes is quite clear when you try the Wine Donuts. They are simple farm desserts to finish off a meal. The recipe uses basic ingredients such as flour. egg, sugar, lemon zest, extra virgin olive oil, vanilla, salt and Castelli white wine. Strips are made from the dough and then joined to create the typical round form and cooked in the oven. Aromatic and crunchy, these donuts are irresistible and it is quite impossible to stop eating them. The Wine Donuts are perhaps the most famous baked product of Castelli Romani but certainly not the only one: do not forget the Serpette, flaky biscuits with a winding form that looks like a snake, or the piangiallo made with honey and dried and candied fruit If you are planning an autumn trip, the main feature of your explorations in the Monti Prenestini will be the chestnut. In the Capranica Prenestina and Rocca di Cave regions, hundreds of hectares are devoted to chestnut groves. It is here that the Mosciarella di Capranica Prenestina

Car tours from Rome to the  Roman castles – Castelli Romani wine tour

Small group tours in minivans ensuring the highest level of comfort. Our vehicles are fully equipped with all the options required for long trips, including air conditioning. An English speaking driver will be at your disposal for the whole day and will arrange the most satisfactory tour with you.


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Small group tours in minivans ensuring the highest level of comfort. Our vehicles are fully equipped with all the options required for  long trips, including air conditioning.
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  • Tarot Garden – Giardino dei Tarocchi –  Niki de Saint Phalle – Capalbio
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Orbetello ArgentarioNiki-de-Saint-Phalleargentario45-300x187

Tarot Garden – Giardino dei Tarocchi –  Niki de Saint Phalle

Private Tour from Rome Florence or othe towns in central Italy

Excursion from Rome to Capalbio Tuscany with car and guide
Influenced by Gaudí’s Parc Güell in Barcelona, and Parco dei Mostri in Bomarzo, as well as Palais Idéal by Ferdinand Cheval, and Watts Towers by Simon Rodia, Saint Phalle decided that she wanted to make something similar; a monumental sculpture park created by a woman. In 1979, she acquired some land in Garavicchio, Tuscany, about 100 km north-west of Rome along the coast. Niki de Saint Phalle has created a large number of “Nanas” in her career with different materials, in different shapes and dimensions. The garden, called Giardino dei Tarocchi in Italian, contains sculptures of the symbols found on Tarot cards. The garden took many years, and a considerable sum of money, to complete. It opened in 1998, after nearly 20 years of work. Her main benefactor of the period was the Agnelli family.

Capalbio – ITALY – Il Giardino dei Tarocchi – VIDEO RusRim private tours Original music by Adel Karanov 

Tuscany private tour from Rome – Monte Argentario and Capalbio

Porto Ercole Monte Argentario20150923_155056porto santo stefano night

Argentario and Capalbio Daily tour from Rome or Florence

The Niki Charitable Art Foundation was created by Niki de Saint Phalle and became officially active upon her death. It represents the artist’s personal collection of more than 1,000 sculptures and 5,000 graphic works of art. The Foundation maintains the artwork and archives and holds the intellectual property rights for them. The Foundation acts as a link and point of contact for all projects related to Niki de Saint Phalle.

From its collection, the Foundation makes artwork available to museums throughout the world for exhibitions.


Niki de Saint Phalle – Capalbio – Tarot Garden tour with guide in english – car tour from Rome or Florence

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Luxury dream private tour in Tuscany – Capalbio and Monte Argentario – The spirit of the  Silver peninsula – Monte Argentario
Individual car excursion from Rome to Tuscany – Monte Argentario with guide in english, french, german, bulgarian, russian, ukrainian

Monte Argentario is a promontory stretching towards the Tyrrhenian Sea in correspondence of the two southernmost islands of the Tuscan Archipelago, Giglio and Giannutri.  Argentarola cave lies close to Argentario promontory. The high quality speleothems that have been collected from this cave have allowed scientists to study the 215,000 year history of sea-level oscillations in this region.

The panoramic road Strada panoramica starts in Porto Santo Stefano allowing splendid views of the coast and the Tuscan Archipelago.

Rusrim.com Original music by Adel Karanov  – VIDEO of porto Santo Stefano Private tour from Rome with car and guide

Maremma Toscana – Art and nature in Tuscany

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Monuments in Argentario – Tuscany – Central Italy
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Fortifications and lighthouses
La Rocca di Porto Ercole.
Porto Santo Stefano, The spanish fortress
Porto Santo Stefano - Toscana - Fortezza Spagnola - Car tours Tuscany rusrim.com
Porto Santo Stefano – Toscana – Fortezza Spagnola – Car tours Tuscany rusrim.com
Military monuments in the silver peninsula – Tuscany
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  • Torre della Maddalena
  • Torre delle Cannelle
  • Torre Ciana
  • Torre Avvoltore
  • Torre dell’Acqua
  • Forte Stella (Porto Ercole)
  • Rocca aldobrandesca (Porto Ercole)
  • Faro di Porto Ercole
  • Forte Santa Caterina (Porto Ercole)
  • Forte Filippo (Porto Ercole)
  • Torre del Mulinaccio (Porto Ercole)


Curiosity – Monte Argentario Tuscany in the Italian cinema

L’Odissea was an Italian TV miniseries broadcast on RAI in 1968 and based on Homer’s Odyssey. Directed by Franco Rossi. Each episode was preceded by an introduction in which poet Giuseppe Ungaretti read some verses of the original poem. The adaptation was quite faithful, apart from the absence of the passage of the strait of Messina and the encounter with Scylla and Charybdis.

Odissea Omero Monte Argentario

Scene from the film Odissea

Local food – Monte Argentario Tuscany
Caldaro dell’Argentario
Typical fish speciality

Caldaro dell'Argentario

Fiche Maschie
Fig speciality from Porto Ercole Tuscany

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Cheese in Monte Argentario

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Ansonica Costa dell’Argentario – Wine from Argentario – Grosseto Tuscany

Wine Grosseto - Tuscany car tours

Argentarium Liquore – Padri Passionisti – Tuscany

Argentarium liquore - Tuscany car tours

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  • Florence private tour from Rome , with private guide and car (Tuscany car tour)
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Small group tours in minivans ensuring the highest level of comfort. Our vehicles are fully equipped with all the options required for  long trips, including air conditioning.
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